Which statement describes the IP and MAC allocation requirements for virtual machines on Type 1 hypervisors?
- A. Virtual machines do not require a unique IP or unique MAC. They share the IP and MAC address of the physical server.
- B. Each virtual machine requires a unique IP address but shares the MAC address with the physical server.
- C. Each virtual machine requires a unique IP and MAC addresses to be able to reach to other nodes.
- D. Each virtual machine requires a unique MAC address but shares the IP address with the physical server.
Explanation: A virtual machine (VM) is a software emulation of a physical server with an operating system.
From an application’s point of view, the VM provides the look and feel of a real physical server, including all its components, such as CPU, memory, and network interface cards (NICs).
The virtualization software that creates VMs and performs the hardware abstraction that allows multiple VMs to run concurrently is known as a hypervisor.
There are two types of hypervisors: type 1 and type 2 hypervisor.
In type 1 hypervisor (or native hypervisor), the hypervisor is installed directly on the physical server.
Then instances of an operating system (OS) are installed on the hypervisor. Type 1 hypervisor has direct access to the hardware resources. Therefore they are more efficient than hosted architectures.
Some examples of type 1 hypervisor are VMware vSphere/ESXi, Oracle VM Server, KVM and
In contrast to type 1 hypervisor, a type 2 hypervisor (or hosted hypervisor) runs on top of an operating system and not the physical hardware directly. answer ‘Each virtual machine requires a unique IP and MAC addresses to be able to reach to other nodes’ big advantage of Type 2 hypervisors is that management console software is not required. Examples of type 2 hypervisor are VMware Workstation (which can run on Windows, Mac and Linux) or Microsoft Virtual PC (only runs on Windows).
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