How does a DHCP server dynamically assign IP addresses to hosts?
- Addresses are permanently assigned so that the host uses the same address at all times.
- Addresses are assigned for a fixed period of time.
- Addresses are leased to hosts. A host will usually keep the same address by periodically contacting the DHCP server to renew the lease.
- Addresses are allocated after a negotiation between the server and the host to determine the length of the agreement.
Explanation: The DHCP lifecycle consists of the following:
Release: The client may decide at any time that it no longer wishes to use the IP address it was assigned, and may terminate the lease, releasing the IP address.
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