- BPDU guard
- extended system ID
Explanation: If switch access ports are configured as edge ports using PortFast, BPDUs should never be received on those ports. Cisco switches support a feature called BPDU guard. When it is enabled, BPDU guard will put an edge port in an error-disabled state if a BPDU is received by the port. This will prevent a Layer 2 loop occurring. PVST+ is an implementation of the Spanning Tree Protocol. The extended system ID is a mechanism of including VLAN ID information in the bridge ID (BID) for each VLAN.