- it is an isolated environment for applications
- it includes a guest OS
- it shares the underlying resources of the host OS
- it leverages the kernel of the host OS for quick starts
- it is a virtualized physical server
- it requires a hypervisor
Explanation: A virtual machine is a software emulation of a physical server including a CPU, memory, network interface, and operating system. The hypervisor is virtualization software that performs hardware abstraction. It allows multiple VMs to run concurrently in the virtual environment.
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