4.1.2.5 Packet Tracer – Configure IP ACLs to Mitigate Attacks Answers

Packet Tracer – Configure IP ACLs to Mitigate Attacks

Topology

 

Addressing Table

Objectives

•  Verify connectivity among devices before firewall configuration.
•  Use ACLs to ensure remote access to the routers is available only from management station PC-C.
•  Configure ACLs on R1 and R3 to mitigate attacks.
•  Verify ACL functionality.

Background/Scenario

Access to routers R1, R2, and R3 should only be permitted from PC-C, the management station. PC-C is also used for connectivity testing to PC-A, which is a server providing DNS, SMTP, FTP, and HTTPS services.

Standard operating procedure is to apply ACLs on edge routers to mitigate common threats based on source and destination IP address. In this activity, you will create ACLs on edge routers R1 and R3 to achieve this goal. You will then verify ACL functionality from internal and external hosts.

The routers have been pre-configured with the following:

•  Enable password: ciscoenpa55
•  Password for console: ciscoconpa55
•  SSH logon username and password: SSHadmin/ciscosshpa55
•  IP addressing
•  Static routing

Part 1: Verify Basic Network Connectivity

Verify network connectivity prior to configuring the IP ACLs.

Step 1: From PC-A, verify connectivity to PC-C and R2.

a.  From the command prompt, ping PC-C (192.168.3.3).

b.  From the command prompt, establish an SSH session to R2 Lo0 interface (192.168.2.1) using username SSHadmin and password ciscosshpa55. When finished, exit the SSH session.

SERVER> ssh -l SSHadmin 192.168.2.1
Step 2: From PC-C, verify connectivity to PC-A and R2.

a.  From the command prompt, ping PC-A (192.168.1.3).

b.  From the command prompt, establish an SSH session to R2 Lo0 interface (192.168.2.1) using username SSHadmin and password ciscosshpa55. Close the SSH session when finished.

PC> ssh -l SSHadmin 192.168.2.1

c.  Open a web browser to the PC-A server (192.168.1.3) to display the web page. Close the browser when done.

Part 2: Secure Access to Routers

Step 1: Configure ACL 10 to block all remote access to the routers except from PC-C.

Use the access-list command to create a numbered IP ACL on R1, R2, and R3.

R1(config)# access-list 10 permit host 192.168.3.3
R2(config)# access-list 10 permit host 192.168.3.3
R3(config)# access-list 10 permit host 192.168.3.3
Step 2: Apply ACL 10 to ingress traffic on the VTY lines.

Use the access-class command to apply the access list to incoming traffic on the VTY lines.

R1(config-line)# access-class 10 in
R2(config-line)# access-class 10 in
R3(config-line)# access-class 10 in
Step 3: Verify exclusive access from management station PC-C.

a.  Establish an SSH session to 192.168.2.1 from PC-C (should be successful).

PC> ssh –l SSHadmin 192.168.2.1

b.  Establish an SSH session to 192.168.2.1 from PC-A (should fail).

Part 3: Create a Numbered IP ACL 120 on R1

Create an IP ACL numbered 120 with the following rules:

•  Permit any outside host to access DNS, SMTP, and FTP services on server PC-A.
•  Deny any outside host access to HTTPS services on PC-A.
•  Permit PC-C to access R1 via SSH.

Note: Check Results will not show a correct configuration for ACL 120 until you modify it in Part 4.

Step 1: Verify that PC-C can access the PC-A via HTTPS using the web browser.

Be sure to disable HTTP and enable HTTPS on server PC-A.

Step 2: Configure ACL 120 to specifically permit and deny the specified traffic.

Use the access-list command to create a numbered IP ACL.

R1(config)# access-list 120 permit udp any host 192.168.1.3 eq domain
R1(config)# access-list 120 permit tcp any host 192.168.1.3 eq smtp
R1(config)# access-list 120 permit tcp any host 192.168.1.3 eq ftp
R1(config)# access-list 120 deny tcp any host 192.168.1.3 eq 443
R1(config)# access-list 120 permit tcp host 192.168.3.3 host 10.1.1.1 eq 22
Step 3: Apply the ACL to interface S0/0/0.

Use the ip access-group command to apply the access list to incoming traffic on interface S0/0/0.

R1(config)# interface s0/0/0
R1(config-if)# ip access-group 120 in
Step 4: Verify that PC-C cannot access PC-A via HTTPS using the web browser.

Part 4: Modify an Existing ACL on R1

Permit ICMP echo replies and destination unreachable messages from the outside network (relative to R1). Deny all other incoming ICMP packets.

Step 1: Verify that PC-A cannot successfully ping the loopback interface on R2.
Step 2: Make any necessary changes to ACL 120 to permit and deny the specified traffic.

Use the access-list command to create a numbered IP ACL.

R1(config)# access-list 120 permit icmp any any echo-reply
R1(config)# access-list 120 permit icmp any any unreachable
R1(config)# access-list 120 deny icmp any any
R1(config)# access-list 120 permit ip any any
Step 3: Verify that PC-A can successfully ping the loopback interface on R2.

Part 5: Create a Numbered IP ACL 110 on R3

Deny all outbound packets with source address outside the range of internal IP addresses on R3.

Step 1: Configure ACL 110 to permit only traffic from the inside network.

Use the access-list command to create a numbered IP ACL.

R3(config)# access-list 110 permit ip 192.168.3.0 0.0.0.255 any
Step 2: Apply the ACL to interface G0/1.

Use the ip access-group command to apply the access list to incoming traffic on interface G0/1.

R3(config)# interface g0/1
R3(config-if)# ip access-group 110 in

Part 6: Create a Numbered IP ACL 100 on R3

On R3, block all packets containing the source IP address from the following pool of addresses: any RFC 1918 private addresses, 127.0.0.0/8, and any IP multicast address. Since PC-C is being used for remote administration, permit SSH traffic from the 10.0.0.0/8 network to return to the host PC-C.

Step 1: Configure ACL 100 to block all specified traffic from the outside network.

You should also block traffic sourced from your own internal address space if it is not an RFC 1918 address. In this activity, your internal address space is part of the private address space specified in RFC 1918.

Use the access-list command to create a numbered IP ACL.

R3(config)# access-list 100 permit tcp 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 eq 22 host 
192.168.3.3 
R3(config)# access-list 100 deny ip 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any
R3(config)# access-list 100 deny ip 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any
R3(config)# access-list 100 deny ip 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any
R3(config)# access-list 100 deny ip 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any
R3(config)# access-list 100 deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 any
R3(config)# access-list 100 permit ip any any
Step 2: Apply the ACL to interface Serial 0/0/1.

Use the ip access-group command to apply the access list to incoming traffic on interface Serial 0/0/1.

R3(config)# interface s0/0/1
R3(config-if)# ip access-group 100 in
Step 3: Confirm that the specified traffic entering interface Serial 0/0/1 is handled correctly.

a.  From the PC-C command prompt, ping the PC-A server. The ICMP echo replies are blocked by the ACL since they are sourced from the 192.168.0.0/16 address space.

b.  Establish an SSH session to 192.168.2.1 from PC-C (should be successful).

Step 4: Check results.

Your completion percentage should be 100%. Click Check Results to see feedback and verification of which required components have been completed.

access-list 10 permit host 192.168.3.3
line vty 0 4
access-class 10 in
access-list 120 permit udp any host 192.168.1.3 eq domain
access-list 120 permit tcp any host 192.168.1.3 eq smtp
access-list 120 permit tcp any host 192.168.1.3 eq ftp
access-list 120 deny tcp any host 192.168.1.3 eq 443
access-list 120 permit tcp host 192.168.3.3 host 10.1.1.1 eq 22
interface s0/0/0
ip access-group 120 in
access-list 120 permit icmp any any echo-reply
access-list 120 permit icmp any any unreachable
access-list 120 deny icmp any any
access-list 120 permit ip any any

access-list 10 permit host 192.168.3.3
line vty 0 4
access-class 10 in

access-list 10 permit host 192.168.3.3
line vty 0 4
access-class 10 in
access-list 100 permit tcp 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 eq 22 host 192.168.3.3
access-list 100 deny ip 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any
access-list 100 deny ip 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any
access-list 100 deny ip 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any
access-list 100 deny ip 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any
access-list 100 deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 any
access-list 100 permit ip any any
interface s0/0/1
ip access-group 100 in
access-list 110 permit ip 192.168.3.0 0.0.0.255 any
interface g0/1
ip access-group 110 in

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