Cybersecurity Essentials Chapter 8 Quiz Questions Answers

Cybersecurity Essentials 1.1 Chapter 8 Quiz Answers Full Questions

Chapter 8: Becoming a Cybersecurity Specialist

1. If a person knowingly accesses a government computer without permission, what federal act laws would the person be subject to?

  • SOX
  • ECPA
  • CFAA
  • GLBA

Explanation: The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) provides the foundation for US laws criminalizing unauthorized access to computer systems.

2. Unauthorized visitors have entered a company office and are walking around the building. What two measures can be implemented to prevent unauthorized visitor access to the building? (Choose two.)

  • Lock cabinets.
  • Conduct security awareness training regularly.
  • Prohibit exiting the building during working hours.
  • Establish policies and procedures for guests visiting the building.

Explanation: Any unauthorized individual that accesses a facility may pose a potential threat. Common measures to increase physical security include the following:
Implement access control and closed-circuit TV (CCTV) coverage at all entrances.
Establish policies and procedures for guests visiting the facility.
Test building security using physical means to covertly gain access.
Implement badge encryption for entry access.
Conduct security awareness training regularly.
Implement an asset tagging system.

3. An auditor is asked to assess the LAN of a company for potential threats. What are three potential threats the auditor may point out? (Choose three.)

  • unlocked access to network equipment
  • a misconfigured firewall
  • the acceptable use policy
  • unauthorized port scanning and network probing
  • complex passwords
  • locked systems

Explanation: The LAN can have many endpoint devices connected. Analyzing both the network devices and the endpoints connected is important in determining threats.

4. A company has had several incidents involving users downloading unauthorized software, using unauthorized websites, and using personal USB devices. The CIO wants to put in place a scheme to manage the user threats. What three things might be put in place to manage the threats? (Choose three.)

  • Provide security awareness training.
  • Disable CD and USB access.
  • Implement disciplinary action.
  • Monitor all activity by the users.
  • Change to thin clients.
  • Use content filtering.

Explanation: Users may be unaware of their actions if not educated in the reasons why their actions can cause a problem with the computer. By implementing several technical and nontechnical practices, the threat can be reduced.

5. As part of HR policy in a company, an individual may opt-out of having information shared with any third party other than the employer. Which law protects the privacy of personal shared information?

  • PCI
  • SOX
  • GLBA

Explanation: The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) includes privacy provisions for individuals and provides opt-out methods to restrict information sharing with third-party firms.

6. What can be used to rate threats by an impact score to emphasize important vulnerabilities?

  • ACSC
  • ISC
  • NVD
  • CERT

Explanation: The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is used to assess the impact of vulnerabilities and can assist an organization in ranking the severity of vulnerabilities found within a network.

7. A breach occurs in a company that processes credit card information. Which industry specific law governs credit card data protection?

  • SOX
  • ECPA
  • GLBA

Explanation: The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) governs how to protect credit card data as merchants and banks exchange transactions.

8. Why is Kali Linux a popular choice in testing the network security of an organization?

  • It can be used to test weaknesses by using only malicious software.
  • It can be used to intercept and log network traffic.
  • It is an open source Linux security distribution and contains over 300 tools.
  • It is a network scanning tool that prioritizes security risks.

Explanation: Kali is an open source Linux security distribution that is commonly used by IT professionals to test the security of networks.

9. A company is attempting to lower the cost in deploying commercial software and is considering a cloud based service. Which cloud based service would be best to host the software?

  • PaaS
  • RaaS
  • SaaS
  • IaaS

Explanation: Software as a service (SaaS) provides access to software that is centrally hosted and accessed by users via a web browser on the cloud.

10. A security professional is asked to perform an analysis of the current state of a company network. What tool would the security professional use to scan the network only for security risks?

  • malware
  • pentest
  • packet analyzer
  • vulnerability scanner

Explanation: Vulnerability scanners are commonly used to scan for the following vulnerabilities:
Use of default passwords or common passwords
Missing patches
Open ports
Misconfiguration of operating systems and software
Active IP addresses

11. A consultant is hired to make recommendations on managing device threats in a company. What are three general recommendations that can be made? (Choose three.)

  • Enable automated antivirus scans.
  • Remove content filtering.
  • Enforce strict HR policies.
  • Disable administrative rights for users.
  • Enable media devices.
  • Enable screen lockout.

Explanation: Workstations can be hardened by removing unnecessary permissions, automating processes, and turning on security features.

12. What three services does CERT provide? (Choose three.)

  • develop tools, products, and methods to conduct forensic examinations
  • enforce software standards
  • develop tools, products, and methods to analyze vulnerabilities
  • resolve software vulnerabilities
  • develop attack tools
  • create malware tools

Explanation: CERT provides multiple services, including:
helps to resolve software vulnerabilities
develops tools, products, and methods to conduct forensic examinations
develops tools, products, and methods to analyze vulnerabilities
develops tools, products, and methods to monitor large networks
helps organizations determine how effective their security-related practices are

13. What are two items that can be found on the Internet Storm Center website? (Choose two.)

  • current laws
  • InfoSec reports
  • InfoSec job postings
  • historical information

Explanation: The Internet Storm Center website has a daily InfoSec blog, InfoSec tools, and news among other InfoSec information.

14. An organization has implemented a private cloud infrastructure. The security administrator is asked to secure the infrastructure from potential threats. What three tactics can be implemented to protect the private cloud? (Choose three.)

  • Disable firewalls.
  • Hire a consultant.
  • Disable ping, probing, and port scanning.
  • Grant administrative rights.
  • Test inbound and outbound traffic.
  • Update devices with security fixes and patches.

Explanation: Organizations can manage threats to the private cloud using the following methods:
Disable ping, probing, and port scanning.
Implement intrusion detection and prevention systems.
Monitor inbound IP traffic anomalies.
Update devices with security fixes and patches.
Conduct penetration tests post configuration.
Test inbound and outbound traffic.
Implement a data classification standard.
Implement file transfer monitoring and scanning for unknown file type.

15. A school administrator is concerned with the disclosure of student information due to a breach. Under which act is student information protected?

  • CIPA

Explanation: The Family Education Records and Privacy Act (FERPA) prohibits the improper disclosure of personal education records.

16. What are the three broad categories for information security positions? (Choose three.)

  • seekers
  • doers
  • builders
  • creators
  • monitors
  • definers

Explanation: Information security positions can be categorized as::

17. What are three disclosure exemptions that pertain to the FOIA? (Choose three.)

  • information specifically non-exempt by statue
  • confidential business information
  • public information from financial institutions
  • law enforcement records that implicate one of a set of enumerated concerns
  • non-geological information regarding wells
  • national security and foreign policy information

Explanation: The nine Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) exemptions include the following:

1. National security and foreign policy information

2. Internal personnel rules and practices of an agency

3. Information specifically exempted by statute

4. Confidential business information

5. Inter- or intra-agency communication subject to deliberative process, litigation, and other privileges

6. Information that, if disclosed, would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy

7. Law enforcement records that implicate one of a set of enumerated concerns

8. Agency information from financial institutions

9. Geological and geophysical information concerning wells

18. As a security professional, there is a possibility to have access to sensitive data and assets. What is one item a security professional should understand in order to make informed ethical decisions?

  • cloud providers
  • potential gain
  • partnerships
  • laws governing the data
  • potential bonus

Explanation: Ethics in the security profession are extremely important because of the sensitivity of the data and assets. Compliance to government and state requirements is needed in order to make good judgments.

19. What are two potential threats to applications? (Choose two.)

  • unauthorized access
  • data loss
  • power interruptions
  • social engineering

Explanation: Threats to applications can include the following:
Unauthorized access to data centers, computer rooms, and wiring closets
Server downtime for maintenance purposes
Network operating system software vulnerability
Unauthorized access to systems
Data loss
Downtime of IT systems for an extended period
Client/server or web application development vulnerabilities

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