2.7.3 Lab – Use Steganography to Hide Data Answers

2.7.3 Lab – Use Steganography to Hide Data (Answers)


Use steganography to hide a document within a JPEG file.

Background / Scenario

The advantage of steganography over cryptography is that the secret message does not attract any special attention. No one would ever know that a picture contained a secret message by viewing the file either electronically or in hardcopy. In this lab, you will use Steghide, an open-source steganography program, to hide a data file within an image file.

Required Resources

PC with the CSE-LABVM installed in VirtualBox


Step 1: Open a terminal window in the CSE-LABVM.

a. Launch the CSE-LABVM.

b. Double-click the Terminal icon to open a terminal.

Step 2: Review the files that will be used for steganography.

a. Enter the cd Downloads/ command to change to the Downloads directory, and then list the contents of the directory.

[email protected]:~$ cd Downloads/
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ ls -l
total 472
drwxr-xr-x 8 cisco cisco   4096 Jan 27 01:30 jcryptool
drwxrwxr-x 3 cisco cisco   4096 Mar 18 18:11 john
-rw-rw-rw- 1 cisco cisco 455357 Mar 22 16:10 keyboard.jpg
drwxrwxr-x 6 root root     4096 Mar 18 17:46 lynis
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cisco cisco   9912 Mar 22 16:13 secret.odt
[email protected]:~/Downloads$

You will hide the contents of the secret.odt file inside the keyboard.jpg file.

b. Enter the libreoffice secret.odt & command to open the “secret.odt” file in LibreOffice.

[email protected]:~/Downloads$ libreoffice secret.odt &


What is the message in the secret.odt?
The secret document

c. Click File > Exit LibreOffice to quit LibreOffice and close the file.

d. In the terminal window, press Ebnter to get a new command prompt, and the enter command gimp keyboard.jpg & to open the “keyboard.jpg” file in GIMP.

[email protected]:~/Downloads$ gimp keyboard.jpg &

e. Click File > Quit to quit GIMP and close the file.

f. In the terminal window, press Enter to get a new command prompt.

Step 3: Use Steghide to embed the content of the secret.odt file inside the keyboard.jpg file.

a. At the command prompt, enter the following steghide command. When prompted for a passphrase, use Cisco. Re-enter the passphrase when prompted.

[email protected]:~/Downloads$ steghide embed -cf keyboard.jpg -ef secret.odt
Enter passphrase: Cisco
Re-Enter passphrase: Cisco
embedding "secret.odt" in "keyboard.jpg"... done
[email protected]:~/Downloads$

b. Open the files, secret.odt and keyboard.jpg.


Did these files change?
No. The files did not change.

Step 4: Verify the secret.odt is hidden in the keyboard.jpg file.

Enter the steghide info keyboard.jpg command, type y at the prompt, and enter the passphrase Cisco, and then press Enter.

[email protected]:~/Downloads$ steghide info keyboard.jpg
  format: jpeg
  capacity: 26.6 KB
Try to get information about embedded data ? (y/n) y
Enter passphrase: Cisco
 embedded file "secret.odt":
   size: 9.7 KB
   encrypted: rijndael-128, cbc
   compressed: yes
[email protected]:~/Downloads$

Step 5: Extract the secret.odt file from the keyboard.jpg file.

a. Enter the steghide extract -sf keyboard.jpg command, enter the passphrase Cisco, and then type y at the prompt.

[email protected]:~/Downloads$ steghide extract -sf keyboard.jpg
Enter passphrase: Cisco
the file "secret.odt" does already exist. overwrite ? (y/n) y
wrote extracted data to "secret.odt".
[email protected]:~/Downloads$

b. Open the extracted secret.odt file with LibreOffice.


Could you open the file? Is the secret message the same as before?
The file can be opened, and the message is the same as before.



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