CCNA 3 v7.0 Final Exam Answers Full – Enterprise Networking, Security, and Automation

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CCNA 3 Final Exam Answers

1. Which design feature will limit the size of a failure domain in an enterprise network?

  • the purchase of enterprise equipment that is designed for large traffic volume
  • the installation of redundant power supplies
  • the use of a collapsed core design
  • the use of the building switch block approach

2. Which two things should a network administrator modify on a router to perform password recovery? (Choose two.)

  • the system image file
  • the NVRAM file system
  • the configuration register value
  • the startup configuration file
  • system ROM

3. What type of network uses one common infrastructure to carry voice, data, and video signals?

  • borderless
  • converged
  • managed
  • switched

4. What are three advantages of using private IP addresses and NAT? (Choose three.)

  • hides private LAN addressing from outside devices that are connected to the Internet
  • permits LAN expansion without additional public IP addresses
  • reduces CPU usage on customer routers
  • creates multiple public IP addresses
  • improves the performance of the router that is connected to the Internet
  • conserves registered public IP addresses

5. Which two scenarios are examples of remote access VPNs? (Choose two.)

  • All users at a large branch office can access company resources through a single VPN connection.
  • A small branch office with three employees has a Cisco ASA that is used to create a VPN connection to the HQ.
  • A toy manufacturer has a permanent VPN connection to one of its parts suppliers.
  • A mobile sales agent is connecting to the company network via the Internet connection at a hotel.
  • An employee who is working from home uses VPN client software on a laptop in order to connect to the company network.

6. What are three benefits of cloud computing? (Choose three.)

  • It utilizes end-user clients to do a substantial amount of data preprocessing and storage.
  • It uses open-source software for distributed processing of large datasets.
  • It streamlines the IT operations of an organization by subscribing only to needed services.
  • It enables access to organizational data anywhere and at any time.
  • It turns raw data into meaningful information by discovering patterns and relationships.
  • It eliminates or reduces the need for onsite IT equipment, maintenance, and management.

7. What is a characteristic of a single-area OSPF network?

  • All routers share a common forwarding database.
  • All routers have the same neighbor table.
  • All routers are in the backbone area.
  • All routers have the same routing table.

8. What is a WAN?

  • a network infrastructure that spans a limited physical area such as a city
  • a network infrastructure that provides access to other networks over a large geographic area
  • a network infrastructure that provides access in a small geographic area
  • a network infrastructure designed to provide data storage, retrieval, and replication

9. A network administrator has been tasked with creating a disaster recovery plan. As part of this plan, the administrator is looking for a backup site for all of the data on the company servers. What service or technology would support this requirement?

  • data center
  • virtualization
  • dedicated servers
  • software defined networking

10. Which type of OSPF packet is used by a router to discover neighbor routers and establish neighbor adjacency?

  • link-state update
  • hello
  • database description
  • link-state request

11. Which two statements are characteristics of a virus? (Choose two.)

  • A virus has an enabling vulnerability, a propagation mechanism, and a payload.
  • A virus can be dormant and then activate at a specific time or date.
  • A virus provides the attacker with sensitive data, such as passwords.
  • A virus replicates itself by independently exploiting vulnerabilities in networks.
  • A virus typically requires end-user activation.

12. Which public WAN access technology utilizes copper telephone lines to provide access to subscribers that are multiplexed into a single T3 link connection?

  • ISDN
  • DSL
  • cable
  • dialup

13. A customer needs a metropolitan area WAN connection that provides high-speed, dedicated bandwidth between two sites. Which type of WAN connection would best fulfill this need?

  • packet-switched network
  • Ethernet WAN
  • circuit-switched network
  • MPLS

14. A company has contracted with a network security firm to help identify the vulnerabilities of the corporate network. The firm sends a team to perform penetration tests to the company network. Why would the team use debuggers?

  • to detect installed tools within files and directories that provide threat actors remote access and control over a computer or network
  • to reverse engineer binary files when writing exploits and when analyzing malware
  • to obtain specially designed operating systems preloaded with tools optimized for hacking
  • to detect any evidence of a hack or malware in a computer or network

15. Consider the following output for an ACL that has been applied to a router via the access-class in command. What can a network administrator determine from the output that is shown?

R1#
Standard IP access list 2
10 permit 192.168.10.0, wildcard bits 0.0.0.255 (2 matches)
20 deny any (1 match)
  • Two devices connected to the router have IP addresses of 192.168.10. x .
  • Two devices were able to use SSH or Telnet to gain access to the router.
  • Traffic from one device was not allowed to come into one router port and be routed outbound a different router port.
  • Traffic from two devices was allowed to enter one router port and be routed outbound to a different router port.

16. What command would be used as part of configuring NAT or PAT to clear dynamic entries before the timeout has expired?

  • clear ip dhcp
  • clear ip nat translation
  • clear access-list counters
  • clear ip pat statistics

17. What are two characteristics of video traffic? (Choose two.)

  • Video traffic consumes less network resources than voice traffic consumes.
  • Video traffic latency should not exceed 400 ms.
  • Video traffic is more resilient to loss than voice traffic is.
  • Video traffic requires a minimum of 30 kbs of bandwidth.
  • Video traffic is unpredictable and inconsistent.

18. Refer to the exhibit. A technician is configuring R2 for static NAT to allow the client to access the web server. What is a possible reason that the client PC cannot access the web server?

  • The IP NAT statement is incorrect.
  • Interface Fa0/1 should be identified as the outside NAT interface.
  • Interface S0/0/0 should be identified as the outside NAT interface.
  • The configuration is missing a valid access control list.

Explanation: Interface S0/0/0 should be identified as the outside NAT interface. The command to do this would be R2(config-if)# ip nat outside.

19. In setting up a small office network, the network administrator decides to assign private IP addresses dynamically to workstations and mobile devices. Which feature must be enabled on the company router in order for office devices to access the internet?

  • UPnP
  • MAC filtering
  • NAT
  • QoS

20. A data center has recently updated a physical server to host multiple operating systems on a single CPU. The data center can now provide each customer with a separate web server without having to allocate an actual discrete server for each customer. What is the networking trend that is being implemented by the data center in this situation?

  • online collaboration
  • BYOD
  • virtualization
  • maintaining communication integrity

21. Refer to the exhibit. Which address or addresses represent the inside global address?

  • 192.168.0.100
  • 10.1.1.2
  • any address in the 10.1.1.0 network
  • 209.165.20.25

22. Which two IPsec protocols are used to provide data integrity?

  • MD5
  • DH
  • AES
  • SHA
  • RSA

23. If an outside host does not have the Cisco AnyConnect client preinstalled, how would the host gain access to the client image?

  • The Cisco AnyConnect client is installed by default on most major operating systems.
  • The host initiates a clientless VPN connection using a compliant web browser to download the client.
  • The host initiates a clientless connection to a TFTP server to download the client.
  • The host initiates a clientless connection to an FTP server to download the client.

24. A company is considering updating the campus WAN connection. Which two WAN options are examples of the private WAN architecture? (Choose two.)

  • leased line
  • cable
  • digital subscriber line
  • Ethernet WAN
  • municipal Wi-Fi

25. Which type of QoS marking is applied to Ethernet frames?

  • IP precedence
  • DSCP
  • ToS
  • CoS

26. Refer to the exhibit. Routers R1 and R2 are connected via a serial link. One router is configured as the NTP master, and the other is an NTP client. Which two pieces of information can be obtained from the partial output of the show ntp associations detail command on R2? (Choose two.)

  • Both routers are configured to use NTPv2.
  • Router R1 is the master, and R2 is the client
  • The IP address of R2 is 192 168.1.2.
  • Router R2 is the master, and R1 is the client
  • The IP address of R1 is 192.168.1.2

Explanation: With the show NTP associations command, the IP address of the NTP master is given.

27. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator that has the IP address of 10.0.70.23/25 needs to have access to the corporate FTP server (10.0.54.5/28). The FTP server is also a web server that is accessible to all internal employees on networks within the 10.x.x.x address. No other traffic should be allowed to this server. Which extended ACL would be used to filter this traffic, and how would this ACL be applied? (Choose two.)

R1(config)# interface s0/0/0
R1(config-if)# ip access-group 105 outR2(config)# interface gi0/0
R2(config-if)# ip access-group 105 in

access-list 105 permit tcp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 eq 20
access-list 105 permit tcp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 eq 21
access-list 105 permit tcp 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.0.54.5 eq www
access-list 105 deny ip any host 10.0.54.5
access-list 105 permit ip any any

access-list 105 permit ip host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5
access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq www
access-list 105 permit ip any any

R1(config)# interface gi0/0
R1(config-if)# ip access-group 105 out

access-list 105 permit tcp host 10.0.54.5 any eq www
access-list 105 permit tcp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 eq 20
access-list 105 permit tcp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 eq 21

Explanation: The first two lines of the ACL allow host 10.0.70.23 FTP access to the server that has the IP address of 10.0.54.5. The next line of the ACL allows HTTP access to the server from any host that has an IP address that starts with the number 10. The fourth line of the ACL denies any other type of traffic to the server from any source IP address. The last line of the ACL permits anything else in case there are other servers or devices added to the 10.0.54.0/28 network. Because traffic is being filtered from all other locations and for the 10.0.70.23 host device, the best place to put this ACL is closest to the server.

28. Refer to the exhibit. If the network administrator created a standard ACL that allows only devices that connect to the R2 G0/0 network access to the devices on the R1 G0/1 interface, how should the ACL be applied?

  • inbound on the R2 G0/0 interface
  • outbound on the R1 G0/1 interface
  • inbound on the R1 G0/1 interface
  • outbound on the R2 S0/0/1 interface

Explanation: Because standard access lists only filter on the source IP address, they are commonly placed closest to the destination network. In this example, the source packets will be coming from the R2 G0/0 network. The destination is the R1 G0/1 network. The proper ACL placement is outbound on the R1 G0/1 interface.

29. Which is a characteristic of a Type 2 hypervisor?​

  • does not require management console software
  • has direct access to server hardware resources
  • best suited for enterprise environments
  • installs directly on hardware

30. What are the two types of VPN connections? (Choose two.)

  • PPPoE
  • Frame Relay
  • site-to-site
  • remote access
  • leased line

31. Refer to the exhibit. What three conclusions can be drawn from the displayed output? (Choose three.)

  • The DR can be reached through the GigabitEthernet 0/0 interface.
  • There have been 9 seconds since the last hello packet sent.
  • This interface is using the default priority.
  • The router ID values were not the criteria used to select the DR and the BDR.
  • The router ID on the DR router is 3.3.3.3
  • The BDR has three neighbors.

32. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is configuring an ACL to limit the connection to R1 vty lines to only the IT group workstations in the network 192.168.22.0/28. The administrator verifies the successful Telnet connections from a workstation with IP 192.168.22.5 to R1 before the ACL is applied. However, after the ACL is applied to the interface Fa0/0, Telnet connections are denied. What is the cause of the connection failure?

  • The enable secret password is not configured on R1.
  • The IT group network is included in the deny statement.
  • The permit ACE specifies a wrong port number.
  • The permit ACE should specify protocol ip instead of tcp.
  • The login command has not been entered for vty lines.

Explanation: The source IP range in the deny ACE is 192.168.20.0 0.0.3.255, which covers IP addresses from 192.168.20.0 to 192.168.23.255. The IT group network 192.168.22.0/28 is included in the 192.168.20/22 network. Therefore, the connection is denied. To fix it, the order of the deny and permit ACE should be switched.

33. What functionality does mGRE provide to the DMVPN technology?

  • It allows the creation of dynamically allocated tunnels through a permanent tunnel source at the hub and dynamically allocated tunnel destinations at the spokes.
  • It provides secure transport of private information over public networks, such as the Internet.
  • It is a Cisco software solution for building multiple VPNs in an easy, dynamic, and scalable manner.
  • It creates a distributed mapping database of public IP addresses for all VPN tunnel spokes.

Explanation: DMVPN is built on three protocols, NHRP, IPsec, and mGRE. NHRP is the distributed address mapping protocol for VPN tunnels. IPsec encrypts communications on VPN tunnels. The mGRE protocol allows the dynamic creation of multiple spoke tunnels from one permanent VPN hub.

34. What is used to pre-populate the adjacency table on Cisco devices that use CEF to process packets?

  • the FIB
  • the routing table
  • the ARP table
  • the DSP

35. What command would be used as part of configuring NAT or PAT to display information about NAT configuration parameters and the number of addresses in the pool?

  • show running-config
  • show ip nat statistics
  • show ip cache
  • show version

36. What is a purpose of establishing a network baseline?

  • It provides a statistical average for network performance.
  • It creates a point of reference for future network evaluations.
  • It manages the performance of network devices.
  • It checks the security configuration of network devices.

Explanation: A baseline is used to establish normal network or system performance. It can be used to compare with future network or system performances in order to detect abnormal situations.

37. Match the type of WAN device or service to the description. (Not all options are used.)

CPE —> devices and inside wiring that are located on the enterprise edge and connect to a carrier link
DCE —> devices that provide an interface for customers to connect to within the WAN cloud
DTE —> customer devices that pass the data from a customer network for transmission over the WAN
local loop —> a physical connection from the customer to the service provider POP

38. Which statement describes a characteristic of standard IPv4 ACLs?

  • They filter traffic based on source IP addresses only.
  • They can be created with a number but not with a name.
  • They are configured in the interface configuration mode.
  • They can be configured to filter traffic based on both source IP addresses and source ports.

39. Refer to the exhibit. R1 is configured for NAT as displayed. What is wrong with the configuration?

  • NAT-POOL2 is not bound to ACL 1.
  • Interface Fa0/0 should be identified as an outside NAT interface.
  • The NAT pool is incorrect.
  • Access-list 1 is misconfigured.

Explanation: R1 has to have NAT-POOL2 bound to ACL 1. This is accomplished with the command R1(config)#ip nat inside source list 1 pool NAT-POOL2. This would enable the router to check for all interesting traffic and if it matches ACL 1 it would be translated by use of the addresses in NAT-POOL2.

40. Refer to the exhibit. What method can be used to enable an OSPF router to advertise a default route to neighboring OSPF routers?

  • Use a static route pointing to the ISP and redistribute it.
  • Use a static route pointing to the ISP and redistribute it.
  • Use the redistribute static command on R0-A.
  • Use the default-information originate command on ISP.
  • Use the default-information originate command on R0-A.

41. A company has contracted with a network security firm to help identify the vulnerabilities of the corporate network. The firm sends a team to perform penetration tests to the company network. Why would the team use applications such as John the Ripper,THC Hydra, RainbowCrack, and Medusa?

  • to capture and analyze packets within traditional Ethernet LANs or WLANs
  • to probe and test the robustness of a firewall by using specially created forged packets
  • to make repeated guesses in order to crack a password

42. What are two syntax rules for writing a JSON array? (Choose two.)

  • Each value in the array is separated by a comma.
  • The array can include only one value type.
  • A space must separate each value in the array.
  • A semicolon separates the key and list of values.
  • Values are enclosed in square brackets.

43. What is a characteristic of a Trojan horse as it relates to network security?

  • An electronic dictionary is used to obtain a password to be used to infiltrate a key network device.
  • Malware is contained in a seemingly legitimate executable program.
  • Extreme quantities of data are sent to a particular network device interface.
  • Too much information is destined for a particular memory block, causing additional memory areas to be affecte

44. An attacker is redirecting traffic to a false default gateway in an attempt to intercept the data traffic of a switched network. What type of attack could achieve this?

  • TCP SYN flood
  • DNS tunneling
  • DHCP spoofing
  • ARP cache poisoning

45. A company is developing a security policy for secure communication. In the exchange of critical messages between a headquarters office and a branch office, a hash value should only be recalculated with a predetermined code, thus ensuring the validity of data source. Which aspect of secure communications is addressed?

  • data integrity
  • non-repudiation
  • origin authentication
  • data confidentiality

46. A company has contracted with a network security firm to help identify the vulnerabilities of the corporate network. The firm sends a team to perform penetration tests to the company network. Why would the team use packet sniffers?

  • to detect installed tools within files and directories that provide threat actors remote access and control over a computer or network
  • to detect any evidence of a hack or malware in a computer or network
  • to probe and test the robustness of a firewall by using specially created forged packets
  • to capture and analyze packets within traditional Ethernet LANs or WLANs

47. An administrator is configuring single-area OSPF on a router. One of the networks that must be advertised is 172.20.0.0 255.255.252.0. What wildcard mask would the administrator use in the OSPF network statement?

  • 0.0.15.255
  • 0.0.3.255
  • 0.0.7.255
  • 0.0.1.255

48. Match the HTTP method with the RESTful operation.

POST –>> Create
GET –>> Read
PUT/PATCH –>> Update/Replace?Modify
Delete –>> Delete

49. Refer to the exhibit. What is the OSPF cost to reach the West LAN 172.16.2.0/24 from East?​

  • 65

50. What is one reason to use the ip ospf priority command when the OSPF routing protocol is in use?

  • to activate the OSPF neighboring process
  • to influence the DR/BDR election process
  • to provide a backdoor for connectivity during the convergence process
  • to streamline and speed up the convergence process

51. An ACL is applied inbound on a router interface. The ACL consists of a single entry:

access-list 210 permit tcp 172.18.20.0 0.0.0.31 172.18.20.32 0.0.0.31 eq ftp .

If a packet with a source address of 172.18.20.14, a destination address of 172.18.20.40, and a protocol of 21 is received on the interface, is the packet permitted or denied?

  • permitted

52. What is a characteristic of the two-tier spine-leaf topology of the Cisco ACI fabric architecture?​

  • The spine and leaf switches are always linked through core switches.
  • The spine switches attach to the leaf switches and attach to each other for redundancy.
  • The leaf switches always attach to the spines and they are interlinked through a trunk line.
  • The leaf switches always attach to the spines, but they never attach to each other.

53. Which two scenarios would result in a duplex mismatch? (Choose two.)

  • connecting a device with autonegotiation to another that is manually set to full-duplex
  • starting and stopping a router interface during a normal operation
  • connecting a device with an interface running at 100 Mbps to another with an interface running at 1000 Mbps
  • configuring dynamic routing incorrectly
  • manually setting the two connected devices to different duplex modes

54. A network technician is configuring SNMPv3 and has set a security level of auth . What is the effect of this setting?

  • authenticates a packet by a string match of the username or community string
  • authenticates a packet by using either the HMAC with MD5 method or the SHA method
  • authenticates a packet by using either the HMAC MD5 or 3.HMAC SHA algorithms and encrypts the packet with either the DES, 3DES or AES algorithms
  • authenticates a packet by using the SHA algorithm only

55. What are two types of attacks used on DNS open resolvers? (Choose two.)

  • amplification and reflection
  • resource utilization
  • fast flux
  • ARP poisoning
  • cushioning

56. An ACL is applied inbound on a router interface. The ACL consists of a single entry:

access-list 101 permit udp 192.168.100.0 0.0.2.255 64.100.40.0 0.0.0.15 eq telnet .

If a packet with a source address of 192.168.101.45, a destination address of 64.100.40.4, and a protocol of 23 is received on the interface, is the packet permitted or denied?

  • denied
  • permitted

57. Which type of resources are required for a Type 1 hypervisor?

  • a dedicated VLAN
  • a management console
  • a host operating system

58. In JSON, what is held within square brackets [ ]?

  • nested values
  • key/value pairs
  • an object
  • an array

59. What are three components used in the query portion of a typical RESTful API request? (Choose three.)

  • resources
  • protocol
  • API server
  • format
  • key
  • parameters

60. A user reports that when the corporate web page URL is entered on a web browser, an error message indicates that the page cannot be displayed. The help-desk technician asks the user to enter the IP address of the web server to see if the page can be displayed. Which troubleshooting method is being used by the technician?

  • top-down
  • bottom-up
  • divide-and-conquer
  • substitution

61. Which protocol provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality services and is a type of VPN?

  • MD5
  • AES
  • IPsec
  • ESP

62. Which statement describes a characteristic of Cisco Catalyst 2960 switches?

  • They are best used as distribution layer switches.
  • New Cisco Catalyst 2960-C switches support PoE pass-through.
  • They are modular switches.
  • They do not support an active switched virtual interface (SVI) with IOS versions prior to 15.x.

63. Which component of the ACI architecture translates application policies into network programming?

  • the hypervisor​
  • the Application Policy Infrastructure Controller
  • the Nexus 9000 switch
  • the Application Network Profile endpoints

64. Which two pieces of information should be included in a logical topology diagram of a network? (Choose two.)

  • device type
  • cable specification
  • interface identifier
  • OS/IOS version
  • connection type
  • cable type and identifier

65. Refer to the exhibit. A PC at address 10.1.1.45 is unable to access the Internet. What is the most likely cause of the problem?

  • The NAT pool has been exhausted.
  • The wrong netmask was used on the NAT pool.
  • Access-list 1 has not been configured properly.
  • The inside and outside interfaces have been configured backwards.

Explanation: The output of show ip nat statistics shows that there are 2 total addresses and that 2 addresses have been allocated (100%). This indicates that the NAT pool is out of global addresses to give new clients. Based on the show ip nat translations, PCs at 10.1.1.33 and 10.1.1.123 have used the two available addresses to send ICMP messages to a host on the outside network.

66. What are two benefits of using SNMP traps? (Choose two.)

  • They eliminate the need for some periodic polling requests.
  • They reduce the load on network and agent resources.
  • They limit access for management systems only.
  • They can provide statistics on TCP/IP packets that flow through Cisco devices.
  • They can passively listen for exported NetFlow datagrams.

67. Which statement accurately describes a characteristic of IPsec?

  • IPsec works at the application layer and protects all application data.
  • IPsec is a framework of standards developed by Cisco that relies on OSI algorithms.
  • IPsec is a framework of proprietary standards that depend on Cisco specific algorithms.
  • IPsec works at the transport layer and protects data at the network layer.
  • IPsec is a framework of open standards that relies on existing algorithms.

68. In a large enterprise network, which two functions are performed by routers at the distribution layer? (Choose two.)

  • connect users to the network
  • provide a high-speed network backbone
  • connect remote networks
  • provide Power over Ethernet to devices
  • provide data traffic security

69. Which two statements describe the use of asymmetric algorithms? (Choose two.)

  • Public and private keys may be used interchangeably.
  • If a public key is used to encrypt the data, a public key must be used to decrypt the data.
  • If a private key is used to encrypt the data, a public key must be used to decrypt the data.
  • If a public key is used to encrypt the data, a private key must be used to decrypt the data.
  • If a private key is used to encrypt the data, a private key must be used to decrypt the data.

70. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator has deployed QoS and has configured the network to mark traffic on the VoIP phones as well as the Layer 2 and Layer 3 switches. Where should initial marking occur to establish the trust boundary?

  • Trust Boundary 4
  • Trust Boundary 3
  • Trust Boundary 1
  • Trust Boundary 2

Explanation: Traffic should be classified and marked as close to its source as possible. The trust boundary identifies at which device marked traffic should be trusted. Traffic marked on VoIP phones would be considered trusted as it moves into the enterprise network.

71. What are two benefits of extending access layer connectivity to users through a wireless medium? (Choose two.)

  • reduced costs
  • decreased number of critical points of failure
  • increased flexibility
  • increased bandwidth availability
  • increased network management options

72. What are two purposes of launching a reconnaissance attack on a network? (Choose two.)

  • to scan for accessibility
  • to retrieve and modify data
  • to gather information about the network and devices
  • to prevent other users from accessing the system
  • to escalate access privileges

73. A group of users on the same network are all complaining about their computers running slowly. After investigating, the technician determines that these computers are part of a zombie network. Which type of malware is used to control these computers?

  • botnet
  • spyware
  • virus
  • rootkit

74. An ACL is applied inbound on a router interface. The ACL consists of a single entry:

access-list 101 permit tcp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 192.31.7.45 eq dns .

If a packet with a source address of 10.1.1.201, a destination address of 192.31.7.45, and a protocol of 23 is received on the interface, is the packet permitted or denied?

  • permitted
  • denied

75. Refer to the exhibit. From which location did this router load the IOS?

  • flash memory
  • NVRAM?
  • RAM
  • ROM
  • a TFTP server?

76. Refer to the exhibit. Which data format is used to represent the data for network automation applications?

  • XML
  • YAML
  • HTML
  • JSON

Explanation: The common data formats that are used in many applications including network automation and programmability are as follows:

  • JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) – In JSON, the data known as an object is one or more key/value pairs enclosed in braces { }. Keys must be strings within double quotation marks ” “. Keys and values are separated by a colon.
  • eXtensible Markup Language (XML) – In XML, the data is enclosed within a related set of tags <tag>data</tag>.
  • YAML Ain’t Markup Language (YAML) – In YAML, the data known as an object is one or more key value pairs. Key value pairs are separated by a colon without the use of quotation marks. YAML uses indentation to define its structure, without the use of brackets or commas.

77. What QoS step must occur before packets can be marked?

  • classifying
  • shaping
  • queuing
  • policing

78. What is the main function of a hypervisor?

  • It is used to create and manage multiple VM instances on a host machine.
  • It is a device that filters and checks security credentials.
  • It is a device that synchronizes a group of sensors.
  • It is software used to coordinate and prepare data for analysis.
  • It is used by ISPs to monitor cloud computing resources.

79. A company needs to interconnect several branch offices across a metropolitan area. The network engineer is seeking a solution that provides high-speed converged traffic, including voice, video, and data on the same network infrastructure. The company also wants easy integration to their existing LAN infrastructure in their office locations. Which technology should be recommended?

  • Frame Relay
  • Ethernet WAN
  • VSAT
  • ISDN

80. Refer to the exhibit. As traffic is forwarded out an egress interface with QoS treatment, which congestion avoidance technique is used?

  • traffic shaping
  • weighted random early detection
  • classification and marking
  • traffic policing

Explanation: Traffic shaping buffers excess packets in a queue and then forwards the traffic over increments of time, which creates a smoothed packet output rate. Traffic policing drops traffic when the amount of traffic reaches a configured maximum rate, which creates an output rate that appears as a saw-tooth with crests and troughs.

81. An ACL is applied inbound on a router interface. The ACL consists of a single entry:

access-list 101 permit tcp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.3.8 eq dns .

If a packet with a source address of 10.1.3.8, a destination address of 10.10.3.8, and a protocol of 53 is received on the interface, is the packet permitted or denied?

  • denied
  • permitted

82. Refer to the exhibit. What is the purpose of the command marked with an arrow shown in the partial configuration output of a Cisco broadband router?

  • defines which addresses are allowed into the router
  • defines which addresses can be translated
  • defines which addresses are assigned to a NAT pool
  • defines which addresses are allowed out of the router

83. If a router has two interfaces and is routing both IPv4 and IPv6 traffic, how many ACLs could be created and applied to it?

  • 12
  • 4
  • 8
  • 16
  • 6

84. Refer to the exhibit. An administrator first configured an extended ACL as shown by the output of the show access-lists command. The administrator then edited this access-list by issuing the commands below.

Router(config)# ip access-list extended 101 
Router(config-ext-nacl)# no 20
Router(config-ext-nacl)# 5 permit tcp any any eq 22
Router(config-ext-nacl)# 20 deny udp any any

Which two conclusions can be drawn from this new configuration?​ (Choose two.)

  • TFTP packets will be permitted.​
  • Ping packets will be permitted.
  • Telnet packets will be permitted.
  • SSH packets will be permitted.
  • All TCP and UDP packets will be denied.​

Explanation: After the editing, the final configuration is as follows:
Router# show access-lists
Extended IP access list 101
5 permit tcp any any eq ssh
10 deny tcp any any
20 deny udp any any
30 permit icmp any any
So, only SSH packets and ICMP packets will be permitted.​

85. Which troubleshooting approach is more appropriate for a seasoned network administrator rather than a less-experienced network administrator?

  • a less-structured approach based on an educated guess
  • an approach comparing working and nonworking components to spot significant differences
  • a structured approach starting with the physical layer and moving up through the layers of the OSI model until the cause of the problem is identified
  • an approach that starts with the end-user applications and moves down through the layers of the OSI model until the cause of the problem has been identified

86. Refer to the exhibit. Many employees are wasting company time accessing social media on their work computers. The company wants to stop this access. What is the best ACL type and placement to use in this situation?

– extended ACL outbound on R2 WAN interface towards the internet
– standard ACL outbound on R2 WAN interface towards the internet
– standard ACL outbound on R2 S0/0/0
– extended ACLs inbound on R1 G0/0 and G0/1 (Answer)

87. Refer to the exhibit. An administrator is trying to configure PAT on R1, but PC-A is unable to access the Internet. The administrator tries to ping a server on the Internet from PC-A and collects the debugs that are shown in the exhibit. Based on this output, what is most likely the cause of the problem?

  • The inside and outside NAT interlaces have been configured backwards
  • The inside global address is not on the same subnet as the ISP
  • The address on Fa0/0 should be 64.100.0.1.
  • The NAT source access list matches the wrong address range.

Explanation: The output of debug ip nat shows each packet that is translated by the router. The “s” is the source IP address of the packet and the “d” is the destination. The address after the arrow (“->”) shows the translated address. In this case, the translated address is on the 209.165.201.0 subnet but the ISP facing interface is in the 209.165.200.224/27 subnet. The ISP may drop the incoming packets, or might be unable to route the return packets back to the host because the address is in an unknown subnet.

88. Why is QoS an important issue in a converged network that combines voice, video, and data communications?

  • Data communications must be given the first priority.
  • Voice and video communications are more sensitive to latency.
  • Legacy equipment is unable to transmit voice and video without QoS.
  • Data communications are sensitive to jitter.

89. Which statement describes a VPN?

  • VPNs use logical connections to create public networks through the Internet.
  • VPNs use open source virtualization software to create the tunnel through the Internet.
  • VPNs use dedicated physical connections to transfer data between remote users.
  • VPNs use virtual connections to create a private network through a public network.

90. In which OSPF state is the DR/BDR election conducted?

  • ExStart
  • Init
  • Two-Way
  • Exchange

91. Two corporations have just completed a merger. The network engineer has been asked to connect the two corporate networks without the expense of leased lines. Which solution would be the most cost effective method of providing a proper and secure connection between the two corporate networks?

  • Cisco Secure Mobility Clientless SSL VPN
  • Frame Relay
  • remote access VPN using IPsec
  • Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client with SSL
  • site-to-site VPN

92. What is the final operational state that will form between an OSPF DR and a DROTHER once the routers reach convergence?

  • loading
  • established
  • full
  • two-way

93. Refer to the exhibit. If the switch reboots and all routers have to re-establish OSPF adjacencies, which routers will become the new DR and BDR?

  • Router R3 will become the DR and router R1 will become the BDR.
  • Router R4 will become the DR and router R3 will become the BDR.
  • Router R1 will become the DR and router R2 will become the BDR.
  • Router R3 will become the DR and router R2 will become the BDR.

Explanation: OSPF elections of a DR are based on the following in order of precedence:

  • highest pritority from 1 -255 (0 = never a DR)
  • highest router ID
  • highest IP address of a loopback or active interface in the absence of a manually configured router ID. Loopback IP addresses take higher precedence than other interfaces.

In this case routers R3 and R1 have the highest router priority. Between the two, R3 has the higher router ID. Therefore, R3 will become the DR and R1 will become the BDR.

94. Which type of server would be used to keep a historical record of messages from monitored network devices?

  • DNS
  • print
  • DHCP
  • syslog
  • authentication

95. When QoS is implemented in a converged network, which two factors can be controlled to improve network performance for real-time traffic? (Choose two.)

  • packet addressing
  • delay
  • jitter
  • packet routing
  • link speed

96. In which step of gathering symptoms does the network engineer determine if the problem is at the core, distribution, or access layer of the network?

  • Determine ownership.
  • Determine the symptoms.
  • Narrow the scope.
  • Document the symptoms.
  • Gather information.

97. What protocol sends periodic advertisements between connected Cisco devices in order to learn device name, IOS version, and the number and type of interfaces?

  • CDP
  • SNMP
  • NTP
  • LLDP

98. An administrator is configuring single-area OSPF on a router. One of the networks that must be advertised is 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0. What wildcard mask would the administrator use in the OSPF network statement?

  • 0.0.0.127
  • 0.0.0.31
  • 0.0.3.255
  • 0.0.0.63

99. Refer to the exhibit. An administrator configures the following ACL in order to prevent devices on the 192.168.1.0 subnet from accessing the server at 10.1.1.5:

access-list 100 deny ip 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.1.5
access-list 100 permit ip any any


Where should the administrator place this ACL for the most efficient use of network resources?

  • inbound on router A Fa0/0
  • outbound on router B Fa0/0
  • outbound on router A Fa0/1
  • inbound on router B Fa0/1

100. Which type of OSPFv2 packet is used to forward OSPF link change information?

  • link-state acknowledgment
  • link-state update
  • hello
  • database description

101. What protocol synchronizes with a private master clock or with a publicly available server on the internet?

  • MPLS
  • CBWFQ
  • TFTP
  • NTP

102. Which type of VPN allows multicast and broadcast traffic over a secure site-to-site VPN?

  • dynamic multipoint VPN
  • SSL VPN
  • IPsec virtual tunnel interface
  • GRE over IPsec

103. An OSPF router has three directly connected networks; 10.0.0.0/16, 10.1.0.0/16, and 10.2.0.0/16. Which OSPF network command would advertise only the 10.1.0.0 network to neighbors?

  • router(config-router)# network 10.1.0.0 0.0.255.255 area 0
  • router(config-router)# network 10.1.0.0 0.0.15.255 area 0
  • router(config-router)# network 10.1.0.0 255.255.255.0 area 0
  • router(config-router)# network 10.1.0.0 0.0.0.0 area 0

104. Refer to the exhibit. Which sequence of commands should be used to configure router A for OSPF?

router ospf 1
network 192.168.10.0 area 0

router ospf 1
network 192.168.10.0

router ospf 1
network 192.168.10.64 255.255.255.192
network 192.168.10.192 255.255.255.252

router ospf 1
network 192.168.10.64 0.0.0.63 area 0
network 192.168.10.192 0.0.0.3 area 0

105. An administrator is configuring single-area OSPF on a router. One of the networks that must be advertised is 192.168.0.0 255.255.254.0. What wildcard mask would the administrator use in the OSPF network statement?

  • 0.0.7.255
  • 0.0.1.255
  • 0.0.3.255
  • 0.0.15.255

106. How does virtualization help with disaster recovery within a data center?

  • improvement of business practices
  • supply of consistent air flow
  • support of live migration
  • guarantee of power

Explanation: Live migration allows moving of one virtual server to another virtual server that could be in a different location that is some distance from the original data center.

107. Refer to the exhibit. If no router ID was manually configured, what would router R1 use as its OSPF router ID?

  • 10.0.0.1
  • 10.1.0.1
  • 192.168.1.100
  • 209.165.201.1

108. Refer to the exhibit. Which devices exist in the failure domain when switch S3 loses power?

  • S4 and PC_2
  • PC_3 and AP_2
  • AP_2 and AP_1
  • PC_3 and PC_2
  • S1 and S4

A failure domain is the area of a network that is impacted when a critical device such as switch S3 has a failure or experiences problems.

109. Which set of access control entries would allow all users on the 192.168.10.0/24 network to access a web server that is located at 172.17.80.1, but would not allow them to use Telnet?

access-list 103 deny tcp host 192.168.10.0 any eq 23
access-list 103 permit tcp host 192.168.10.1 eq 80

access-list 103 permit tcp 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 host 172.17.80.1 eq 80
access-list 103 deny tcp ​192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 23

access-list 103 permit tcp 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 80
access-list 103 deny tcp 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 23

access-list 103 permit 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 host 172.17.80.1
access-list 103 deny tcp 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 any eq telnet​​

For an extended ACL to meet these requirements the following need to be included in the access control entries:
identification number in the range 100-199 or 2000-2699
permit or deny parameter
protocol
source address and wildcard
destination address and wildcard
port number or name

110. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator needs to add an ACE to the TRAFFIC-CONTROL ACL that will deny IP traffic from the subnet 172.23.16.0/20. Which ACE will meet this requirement?

  • 5 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.15.255
  • 5 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.255.255
  • 15 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.15.255
  • 30 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.15.255

111. Which step in the link-state routing process is described by a router building a link-state database based on received LSAs?

  • executing the SPF algorithm
  • building the topology table
  • selecting the router ID
  • declaring a neighbor to be inaccessible

112. What protocol uses agents, that reside on managed devices, to collect and store information about the device and its operation?

  • SYSLOG
  • TFTP
  • CBWFQ
  • SNMP

113. An administrator is configuring single-area OSPF on a router. One of the networks that must be advertised is 10.27.27.0 255.255.255.0. What wildcard mask would the administrator use in the OSPF network statement?

  • 0.0.0.63
  • 0.0.0.255
  • 0.0.0.31
  • 0.0.0.15

114. When will an OSPF-enabled router transition from the Down state to the Init state?

  • when an OSPF-enabled interface becomes active
  • as soon as the router starts
  • when the router receives a hello packet from a neighbor router
  • as soon as the DR/BDR election process is complete

115. What type of traffic is described as having a high volume of data per packet?

  • data
  • video
  • voice

116. What protocol is a vendor-neutral Layer 2 protocol that advertises the identity and capabilities of the host device to other connected network devices?

  • LLDP
  • NTP
  • TFTP
  • SNMP

117. Which step in the link-state routing process is described by a router running an algorithm to determine the best path to each destination?

  • building the topology table
  • selecting the router ID
  • declaring a neighbor to be inaccessible
  • executing the SPF algorithm

118. Refer to the exhibit. Which conclusion can be drawn from this OSPF multiaccess network?

  • If the DR stops producing Hello packets, a BDR will be elected, and then it promotes itself to assume the role of DR.​
  • With an election of the DR, the number of adjacencies is reduced from 6 to 3.*
  • ​When a DR is elected all other non-DR routers become DROTHER.
  • ​All DROTHER routers will send LSAs to the DR and BDR to multicast 224.0.0.5.

On OSPF multiaccess networks, a DR is elected to be the collection and distribution point for LSAs sent and received. A BDR is also elected in case the DR fails. All other non-DR or BDR routers become DROTHER. Instead of flooding LSAs to all routers in the network, DROTHERs only send their LSAs to the DR and BDR using the multicast address 224.0.0.6. If there is no DR/BDR election, the number of required adjacencies is n(n-1)/2 = > 4(4-1)/2 = 6. With the election, this number is reduced to 3.​

119. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator has an IP address of 192.168.11.10 and needs access to manage R1. What is the best ACL type and placement to use in this situation?

  • extended ACL outbound on R2 WAN interface towards the internet
  • standard ACL inbound on R1 vty lines
  • extended ACLs inbound on R1 G0/0 and G0/1
  • extended ACL outbound on R2 S0/0/1

Explanation: Standard ACLs permit or deny packets based only on the source IPv4 address. Because all traffic types are permitted or denied, standard ACLs should be located as close to the destination as possible.

Extended ACLs permit or deny packets based on the source IPv4 address and destination IPv4 address, protocol type, source and destination TCP or UDP ports and more. Because the filtering of extended ACLs is so specific, extended ACLs should be located as close as possible to the source of the traffic to be filtered. Undesirable traffic is denied close to the source network without crossing the network infrastructure.

120. Which type of VPN connects using the Transport Layer Security (TLS) feature?

  • SSL VPN
  • IPsec virtual tunnel interface
  • GRE over IPsec
  • dynamic multipoint VPN

121. Which group of APIs are used by an SDN controller to communicate with various applications?

  • eastbound APIs
  • westbound APIs
  • northbound APIs
  • southbound APIs

122. A company has consolidated a number of servers and it is looking for a program or firmware to create and control virtual machines which have access to all the hardware of the consolidated servers. What service or technology would support this requirement?

  • Cisco ACI
  • software defined networking
  • Type-1 hypervisor
  • APIC-EM

123. What command would be used as part of configuring NAT or PAT to identify inside local addresses that are to be translated?

  • ip nat inside source list 24 interface serial 0/1/0 overload
  • ip nat inside source list 14 pool POOL-STAT overload
  • access-list 10 permit 172.19.89.0 0.0.0.255
  • ip nat inside source list ACCTNG pool POOL-STAT

124. Anycompany has decided to reduce its environmental footprint by reducing energy costs, moving to a smaller facility, and promoting telecommuting, what service or technology would support requirement?

  • -Cloud services
  • Data center
  • APIC-EM
  • Cisco ACI

125. Refer to the exhibit. An administrator is trying to back up the current running configuration of the router to a USB drive, and enters the command copy usbflash0:/R1-config running-config on the router command line. After removing the USB drive and connecting it to a PC, the administrator discovers that the running configuration was not properly backed up to the R1-config file. What is the problem?

  • The file already exists on the USB drive and cannot be overwritten.
  • The drive was not properly formatted with the FAT16 file system.
  • There is no space left on the USB drive.
  • The USB drive is not recognized by the router.
  • The command that the administrator used was incorrect.

126. Which three types of VPNs are examples of enterprise-managed site-to-site VPNs? (Choose three.)

  • Layer 3 MPLS VPN
  • IPsec VPN
  • Cisco Dynamic Multipoint VPN
  • GRE over IPsec VPN
  • clientless SSL VPN
  • client-based IPsec VPN

127. Refer to the exhibit. Employees on 192.168.11.0/24 work on critically sensitive information and are not allowed access off their network. What is the best ACL type and placement to use in this situation?

  • standard ACL inbound on R1 vty lines
  • extended ACL inbound on R1 G0/0
  • standard ACL inbound on R1 G0/1
  • extended ACL inbound on R3 S0/0/1

128. In an OSPF network which two statements describe the link-state database (LSDB)? (Choose two.)

  • It can be viewed by using the show ip ospf database command.
  • A neighbor table is created based on the LSDB.
  • It contains a list of only the best routes to a particular network.
  • It contains a list of all neighbor routers to which a router has established bidirectional communication.
  • All routers within an area have an identical link-state database.

129. In an OSPF network which OSPF structure is used to create the neighbor table on a router?

  • adjacency database
  • link-state database
  • routing table
  • forwarding database

130. What protocol is used in a system that consists of three elements–a manager, agents, and an information database?

  • MPLS
  • SYSLOG
  • SNMP
  • TFTP

131. What type of traffic is described as not resilient to loss?

  • data
  • video
  • voice

132. Refer to the exhibit. Router R1 is configured with static NAT. Addressing on the router and the web server are correctly configured, but there is no connectivity between the web server and users on the Internet. What is a possible reason for this lack of connectivity?

  • Interface Fa0/0 should be configured with the command ip nat outside .
  • The inside global address is incorrect.
  • The router NAT configuration has an incorrect inside local address.
  • The NAT configuration on interface S0/0/1 is incorrect.

133. Which type of API would be used to allow authorized salespeople of an organization access to internal sales data from their mobile devices?

  • open
  • partner
  • public
  • private

134. Refer to the exhibit. Which data format is used to represent the data for network automation applications?

  • XML
  • HTML
  • YAML
  • JSON

135. An ACL is applied inbound on a router interface. The ACL consists of a single entry:

access-list 101 permit udp 192.168.100.32 0.0.0.7 host 198.133.219.76 eq telnet .

If a packet with a source address of 198.133.219.100, a destination address of 198.133.219.170, and a protocol of 23 is received on the interface, is the packet permitted or denied?

  • denied
  • permitted

136. How does virtualization help with disaster recovery within a data center?

  • Hardware does not have to be identical.
  • Power is always provided.
  • Less energy is consumed.
  • Server provisioning is faster.

137. What protocol is a vendor-neutral Layer 2 protocol that advertises the identity and capabilities of the host device to other connected network devices?

  • NTP
  • LLDP
  • SNMP
  • MPLS

138. Which type of VPN uses a hub-and-spoke configuration to establish a full mesh topology?

  • MPLS VPN
  • GRE over IPsec
  • IPsec virtual tunnel interface
  • dynamic multipoint VPN

139. What is a characteristic of the REST API?

  • A. evolved into what became SOAP
  • B. used for exchanging XML structured information over HTTP or SMTP
  • C. considered slow, complex, and rigid
  • D. most widely used API for web services

140. In which step of gathering symptoms does the network engineer determine if the problem is at the core, distribution, or access layer of the network?

  • Determine the symptoms.
  • Determine ownership.
  • Gather information.
  • Narrow the scope.
  • Document the symptoms.

141. A student, doing a summer semester of study overseas, has taken hundreds of pictures on a smartphone and wants to back them up in case of loss. What service or technology would support this requirement?

  • Cisco ACI
  • cloud services
  • software defined networking
  • dedicated servers

142. Consider the following access list that allows IP phone configuration file transfers from a particular host to a TFTP server:

R1(config)# access-list 105 permit udp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 range 1024 5000
R1(config)# access-list 105 deny ip any any
R1(config)# interface gi0/0
R1(config-if)# ip access-group 105 out

Which method would allow the network administrator to modify the ACL and include FTP transfers from any source IP address?

R1(config)# interface gi0/0
R1(config-if)# no ip access-group 105 out
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 20
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 21
R1(config)# interface gi0/0
R1(config-if)# ip access-group 105 out

R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 20
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 21

R1(config)# interface gi0/0
R1(config-if)# no ip access-group 105 out
R1(config)# no access-list 105
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit udp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 range 1024 5000
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 20
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 21
R1(config)# access-list 105 deny ip any any
R1(config)# interface gi0/0
R1(config-if)# ip access-group 105 out

R1(config)# access-list 105 permit udp host 10.0.70.23 host 10.0.54.5 range 1024 5000
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 20
R1(config)# access-list 105 permit tcp any host 10.0.54.5 eq 21
R1(config)# access-list 105 deny ip any any

143. Which three statements are generally considered to be best practices in the placement of ACLs? (Choose three.)

  • Filter unwanted traffic before it travels onto a low-bandwidth link.
  • Place standard ACLs close to the destination IP address of the traffic.
  • Place standard ACLs close to the source IP address of the traffic.
  • Place extended ACLs close to the destination IP address of the traffic.
  • Place extended ACLs close to the source IP address of the traffic.
  • For every inbound ACL placed on an interface, there should be a matching outbound ACL.

144. Match the term to the web link http://www.buycarsfromus.com/2020models/ford/suv.html#Escape component. (Not all options are used.)

Http —-> Protocol
buycarsfromus.com/2020models/ford/suv.html#Escape —-> URN
http://www.buycarsfromus.com/2020models/ford/suv.html —-> URL
http://www.buycarsfromus.com/2020models/ford/suv.html#Escape  —-> URI
#Escape —- Fragment

145. What command would be used as part of configuring NAT or PAT to display all static translations that have been configured?

  • show ip nat translations
  • show ip pat translations
  • show ip cache
  • show running-config

146. A network administrator modified an OSPF-enabled router to have a hello timer setting of 20 seconds. What is the new dead interval time setting by default?

  • 40 seconds
  • 60 seconds
  • 80 seconds
  • 100 seconds

147. Which type of VPN is the preferred choice for support and ease of deployment for remote access?

  • SSL VPN
  • GRE over IPsec
  • dynamic multipoint VPN
  • IPsec virtual tunnel interface

148. What type of traffic is described as predictable and smooth?

  • video
  • data
  • voice

149. Which queuing mechanism has no provision for prioritizing or buffering but simply forwards packets in the order they arrive?

  • FIFO
  • LLQ
  • CBWFQ
  • WFQ

150. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator has configured OSPFv2 on the two Cisco routers. The routers are unable to form a neighbor adjacency. What should be done to fix the problem on router R2?

  • Implement the command no passive-interface Serial0/1.
  • Implement the command network 192.168.2.6 0.0.0.0 area 0 on router R2.
  • Change the router-id of router R2 to 2.2.2.2.
  • Implement the command network 192.168.3.1 0.0.0.0 area 0 on router R2.

151. A network administrator is troubleshooting an OSPF problem that involves neighbor adjacency. What should the administrator do?

  • Make sure that the router priority is unique on each router.
  • Make sure that the DR/BDR election is complete.
  • Make sure that the router ID is included in the hello packet.
  • Make sure that the hello and dead interval timers are the same on all routers.

152. Refer to the exhibit. Internet privileges for an employee have been revoked because of abuse but the employee still needs access to company resources. What is the best ACL type and placement to use in this situation?

CCNA 3 v7 Modules 3 - 5: Network Security Exam Answers 49

CCNA 3 v7 Modules 3 – 5: Network Security Exam Answers 49

  • standard ACL inbound on R2 WAN interface connecting to the internet
  • standard ACL outbound on R2 WAN interface towards the internet
  • standard ACL inbound on R1 G0/0
  • standard ACL outbound on R1 G0/0

Explanation: – Standard ACLs permit or deny packets based only on the source IPv4 address. Because all traffic types are permitted or denied, standard ACLs should be located as close to the destination as possible.
– Extended ACLs permit or deny packets based on the source IPv4 address and destination IPv4 address, protocol type, source and destination TCP or UDP ports and more. Because the filtering of extended ACLs is so specific, extended ACLs should be located as close as possible to the source of the traffic to be filtered. Undesirable traffic is denied close to the source network without crossing the network infrastructure.

153. An ACL is applied inbound on a router interface. The ACL consists of a single entry:

access-list 100 permit tcp 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 172.17.200.0 0.0.0.255 eq www .

If a packet with a source address of 192.168.10.244, a destination address of 172.17.200.56, and a protocol of 80 is received on the interface, is the packet permitted or denied?

  • denied
  • permitted

154. A company has contracted with a network security firm to help identify the vulnerabilities of the corporate network. The firm sends a team to perform penetration tests to the company network. Why would the team use applications such as Nmap, SuperScan, and Angry IP Scanner?

  • to detect installed tools within files and directories that provide threat actors remote access and control over a computer or network
  • to detect any evidence of a hack or malware in a computer or network
  • to reverse engineer binary files when writing exploits and when analyzing malware
  • to probe network devices, servers, and hosts for open TCP or UDP ports

155. What command would be used as part of configuring NAT or PAT to display any dynamic PAT translations that have been created by traffic?

  • show ip pat translations
  • show ip cache
  • show running-config
  • show ip nat translations

156. An administrator is configuring single-area OSPF on a router. One of the networks that must be advertised is 172.16.91.0 255.255.255.192. What wildcard mask would the administrator use in the OSPF network statement?

  • 0.0.31.255
  • 0.0.0.63
  • 0.0.15.255
  • 0.0.7.255

157. What type of traffic is described as requiring latency to be no more than 400 milliseconds (ms)?

  • video
  • data
  • voice

158. Refer to the exhibit. Which two configurations would be used to create and apply a standard access list on R1, so that only the 10.0.70.0/25 network devices are allowed to access the internal database server? (Choose two.)

  • A.
    R1(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/0

    R1(config-if)# ip access-group 5 out
  • B.
    R1(config)# access-list 5 permit 10.0.54.0 0.0.1.255
  • C.
    R1(config)# interface Serial0/0/0
    R1(config-if)# ip access-group 5 in
  • D.
    R1(config)# access-list 5 permit 10.0.70.0 0.0.0.127
  • E.
    R1(config)# access-list 5 permit any

159. A network administrator is writing a standard ACL that will deny any traffic from the 172.16.0.0/16 network, but permit all other traffic. Which two commands should be used? (Choose two.)

  • Router(config)# access-list 95 deny 172.16.0.0 255.255.0.0
  • Router(config)# access-list 95 permit any
  • Router(config)# access-list 95 host 172.16.0.0
  • Router(config)# access-list 95 deny 172.16.0.0 0.0.255.255
  • Router(config)# access-list 95 172.16.0.0 255.255.255.255
  • Router(config)# access-list 95 deny any

Explanation: To deny traffic from the 172.16.0.0/16 network, the access-list 95 deny 172.16.0.0 0.0.255.255 command is used. To permit all other traffic, the access-list 95 permit any statement is added.

160. Refer to the exhibit. The company has decided that no traffic initiating from any other existing or future network can be transmitted to the Research and Development network. Furthermore, no traffic that originates from the Research and Development network can be transmitted to any other existing or future networks in the company. The network administrator has decided that extended ACLs are better suited for these requirements. Based on the information given, what will the network administrator do?

  • One ACL will be placed on the R1 Gi0/0 interface and one ACL will be placed on the R2 Gi0/0 interface.
  • Only a numbered ACL will work for this situation.
  • One ACL will be placed on the R2 Gi0/0 interface and one ACL will be placed on the R2 S0/0/0 interface.(Not sure)
  • Two ACLs (one in each direction) will be placed on the R2 Gi0/0 interface.

161. What protocol uses smaller stratum numbers to indicate that the server is closer to the authorized time source than larger stratum numbers?

  • TFTP
  • SYSLOG
  • NTP
  • MPLS

162. Refer to the exhibit. If no router ID was manually configured, what would router Branch1 use as its OSPF router ID?

  • 10.0.0.1
  • 10.1.0.1
  • 192.168.1.100
  • 209.165.201.1

Explanation: In OSPFv2, a Cisco router uses a three-tier method to derive its router ID. The first choice is the manually configured router ID with the router-id command. If the router ID is not manually configured, the router will choose the highest IPv4 address of the configured loopback interfaces. Finally if no loopback interfaces are configured, the router chooses the highest active IPv4 address of its physical interfaces.

163. Match the HTTP method with the RESTful operation.

164. Refer to the exhibit. A web designer calls to report that the web server web-s1.cisco.com is not reachable through a web browser. The technician uses command line utilities to verify the problem and to begin the troubleshooting process. Which two things can be determined about the problem? (Choose two.)

  • The web server at 192.168.0.10 is reachable from the source host.
  • The default gateway between the source host and the server at 192.168.0.10 is down.
  • There is a problem with the web server software on web-s1.cisco.com.
  • A router is down between the source host and the server web-s1.cisco.com.
  • DNS cannot resolve the IP address for the server web-s1.cisco.com.

165. What type of traffic is described as tending to be unpredictable, inconsistent, and bursty?

  • video
  • voice
  • data

166. Match the functions to the corresponding layers. (Not all options are used.)

167. What type of traffic is described as consisting of traffic that requires a higher priority if interactive?

  • voice
  • data
  • video

168. Which type of VPN provides a flexible option to connect a central site with branch sites?

  • IPsec VPN
  • client-based IPsec VPN
  • Layer 3 MPLS VPN
  • clientless SSL VPN
  • Cisco Dynamic Multipoint VPN
  • GRE over IPsec VPN

169. A company has contracted with a network security firm to help identify the vulnerabilities of the corporate network. The firm sends a team to perform penetration tests to the company network. Why would the team use fuzzers?

  • to discover security vulnerabilities of a computer
  • to detect any evidence of a hack or malware in a computer or network
  • to reverse engineer binary files when writing exploits and when analyzing malware
  • to detect installed tools within files and directories that provide threat actors remote access and control over a computer or network

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