CCNA 2: SRWE Practice PT Skills Assessment (PTSA) – Part 2 Answers

[Updated on July 27, 2020 – 100% Scored]

CCNAv7: Switching, Routing, and Wireless Essentials v7.0 (SRWE)

Final Packet Tracer Skills Assessment – Part 2

Addressing Table

Device Interface Address and Prefix
Central G0/0/0 192.168.1.1/24
2001:db8:acad:1::1/64
fe80::1
G0/0/1 192.168.2.1/24
2001:db8:acad:2::1/64
fe80::1
G0/0/2 10.1.0.1/30
2001:db8:acad:a::1/64
fe80::2
S0/1/0 10.2.0.1/30
2001:db8:acad:b::1/64
fe80::2
S0/1/1 10.4.0.1/30
2001:db8:acad:d::1/64
Office-1 S0/1/1 10.4.0.2/30
2001:db8:acad:d::2/64
fe80::2
G0/0/0 192.168.3.1/24
2001:db8:acad:3::1/64
fe80::1
Branch-101 G0/0/0.10 192.168.10.1/24
G0/0/0.100 192.168.100.1/24
G0/0/0.172 172.16.1.1/24
G0/0/1 DHCP
2001:db8:acad:c::2/64
S0/1/0 10.2.0.2/30
2001:db8:acad:b::2/64
ISP Router G0/0/0 10.1.0.2/24
2001:DB8:ACAD:A::2/64
G0/0/1 10.3.0.1/24
2001:DB8:ACAD:C::1/64
WLC-10 management 192.168.100.254
WLAN 10 192.168.10.254/24
Server-01 NIC 192.168.3.122
2001:db8:acad:3::122
Internet Server NIC 203.0.113.25
2001:db8:acad:cafe:25
DNS Server NIC 198.51.100.163
2001:DB8:face::163
Management Host NIC 192.168.100.23
Wireless Host NIC DHCP
RADIUS server NIC 172.16.1.100/24
PC-A NIC 192.168.1.10/24
2001:db8:acad:1::10/64
PC-B NIC 192.168.1.11/24
2001:db8:acad:1::11/64
PC-C NIC 192.168.2.20/24
2001:db8:acad:2::20/64
PC-D NIC 192.168.2.11/24
2001:db8:acad:2::21/64
PC-E NIC 192.168.3.30/24
2001:db8:acad:3::30/64

Objectives

In this assessment, you will configure the following:

  • Floating static and default routes in IPV4 and IPV6.
  • Host routes in IPV4 and IPV6.
  • DHCP pools and scopes.
  • Switch security including port security.
  • Enhanced LAN security with DHCP snooping, dynamic ARP inspection, PortFast, and BPDU guard.
  • Wireless LAN Controller-based wireless LAN with enterprise authentication.

Background / Scenario

Netacad PLC is reworking their network. You have been asked to prototype the network in Packet Tracer for evaluation by senior network staff.

Instructions

Part 1: Configure Switch Security

In this part of the assessment you will configure switch S1-1 with switch security features. Switch ports FastEthernet0/1 to FastEthernet0/5 are the active switch ports. Port GigabitEthernet0/1 is a dedicated link to router Central. All other ports should be secured.

Step 1: Configure VLANs

  • a. Configure VLAN 10 with name users.
  • b. Configure VLAN 999 with the name unused.

S1-1 Switch

S1-1(config)#vlan 10
S1-1(config-vlan)#name users
S1-1(config-vlan)#vlan 999	
S1-1(config-vlan)#name unused

Step 2: Configure active switch ports.

On the active switch ports configure the following:

a. Configure the ports FastEthernet 01 through 05 and port GigabitEthernet 0/1 as static access ports in VLAN 10.

S1-1(config)#interface range f0/1-5, g0/1
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 10

b. Activate port security on the ports.

  1. Configure the ports to accept a maximum of 4 MAC addresses.
  2. If a violation occurs, configure the port to drop frames from the unauthorized MAC address, log it, and send an alert.
  3. MAC addresses should be present in the MAC address table for a maximum of 10 minutes before they are removed.
  4. Ports should add the learned MAC addresses to the running configuration.
  5. Configure the MAC address of PC-A as a static address on port FastEthernet0/1.
S1-1(config)#interface range f0/1-5
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport port-security
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport port-security maximum 4
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport port-security violation restrict
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport port-security aging time 10
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport port-security mac-address sticky
S1-1(config-if-range)#exit

S1-1(config)#interface f0/1
S1-1(config-if)#switchport port-security mac-address 00D0.D3DC.2825
S1-1(config-if)#exit

c. Protect against DHCP snooping.

  1. Activate DHCP snooping globally.
  2. Activate DHCP snooping for the two VLANs that you configured.
  3. Configure the ports to limit the rate to 5 DHCP packets per second.
  4. Configure the port that links to the router as trusted.
S1-1(config)#ip dhcp snooping 
S1-1(config)#ip dhcp snooping vlan 10,999
S1-1(config)#interface range f0/1-5, g0/1
S1-1(config-if-range)#ip dhcp snooping limit rate 5
S1-1(config-if-range)#exit
S1-1(config)#interface g0/1
S1-1(config-if)#ip dhcp snooping trust
S1-1(config-if)#exit

d. Guard against ARP attacks by implementing DAI.

  1. Activate DA globally.
  2. Activate Dal on the two VLANs.
  3. Configure the port that links to the router as trusted.
S1-1(config)#ip arp inspection vlan 10,999
S1-1(config)#interface g0/1
S1-1(config-if)#ip arp inspection trust
S1-1(config-if)#exit

e. Secure STP by configuring PortFast and BPDUGuard
f. Mitigate STP attacks by configuring BPDUguard and PortFast on the active ports.

S1-1(config)#interface range f0/1-5
S1-1(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
S1-1(config-if-range)#spanning-tree bpduguard enable

Step 3: Secure unused switch ports.

a. Move all unused switch ports to VLAN 999.

b. Configure all unused switch ports as static access ports.

C. Deactivate all unused switch ports.

S1-1(config)#interface range f0/6-24, g0/2
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
S1-1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 999
S1-1(config-if-range)#shutdown

Part 2: Configure Addressing and DHCP

You will configure DHCP and interface addressing on Branch-101 to prepare for implementing the wireless LAN controller network.

Step 1: Configure and address a subinterface for the WLAN user network.

a. Configure subinterface 10 on the router interface that is connected to the switch S4-1.

b. The router should provide router-on-a-stick routing to VLAN 10.

c. Configure the subinterface with the address from the Addressing Table.
Brand-101 Router

Branch-101(config)#interface g0/0/0.10
Branch-101(config-subif)#description WLAN users
Branch-101(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1q 10
Branch-101(config-subif)#ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0

Step 2: Configure a DHCP pool for WLAN user network.

a. Exclude the router interface address and the management address of the WLC.

Branch-101(config)#ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.10.1
Branch-101(config)#ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.10.254

b. Configure a DHCP pool that will be used by hosts that are connecting to the WLAN.

  1. Name the pool WLAN-hosts.
  2. Configure the pool to use addresses in the 192.168.10.0/24 network.
  3. The pool should also provide the default gateway and DNS server addresses.
Branch-101(config)#ip dhcp pool WLAN-hosts
Branch-101(dhcp-config)#network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
Branch-101(dhcp-config)#default-router 192.168.10.1
Branch-101(dhcp-config)#dns-server 198.51.100.163

Step 3: Configure an interface as a DHCP client.

On ERROR: VARIABLE NOT FOUND [[Cld_router-names]], configure the interface that is connected to the cloud to receive its address over DHCP.

Branch-101(config)#interface g0/0/1
Branch-101(config-if)#ip address dhcp

Part 3: Configure Static Routes

In this part of the assessment you will configure static, default, floating static, and host routes in both IPv4 andl Pv6. You will configure the Central and Branch-101 routers. Netacad PLC has decided that it wants to use static routing between all its networks. In addition, the company wants to use the Ethernet links between routers for most data traffic and reserve serial link between Central and Branch-101 for backup purposes in case one of the Ethernet links becomes unavailable. You will be configuring floating static and default routes.

Step 1: Configure static routes on Central.

a. Configure IPv4 default routes to the cloud using the Ethernet link as the preferred link and the serial link as the backup. Use an administrative distance of 10 for the backup route. These routes should be directly connected. Note: Ethernet interfaces will give a warning when configured without a next-hop address. In this configuration, the interface is point-to point, so the warning can be ignored.

Central(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 g0/0/2
Central(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 s0/1/0 10

b. Configure IPv6 default routes to the cloud. Use the Ethernet link as the primary route, and the serial link as backup. Use an administrative distance of 10 for the backup route. These routes should specify the next hop interface address.

Central(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
Central(config)#ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8:ACAD:A::2
Central(config)#ipv6 route ::/0 2001:db8:acad:b::2 10

c. Configure IPv4 static routes to the Remote Office LAN WLAN user network following the same guidelines as above for type of route and administrative distance.

Central(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 g0/0/2
Central(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 s0/1/0 10

d. Configure IPv4 and IPv6 host routes on Central to the Server-01 on the Remote Office LAN. Create a directly connected route for IPv4 and a next-hop route for IPv6.

Central(config)#ip route 192.168.3.122 255.255.255.255 s0/1/1
Central(config)#ipv6 route 2001:db8:acad:3::122/128 2001:db8:acad:d::2

Step 2: Configure static routes on Branch-101.

Branch-101 must also be configured with static routes to the other three networks in the Netacad PLC network. It will require floating static and default routes in IPv4 and IPv6 following the same guidelines as were used for the Central static routes.

  • IPv6 routes use next-hop address arguments.
  • IPv4 routes use exit interface arguments.
  • All routes should prefer the Ethernet links over the serial link.
  • Backup floating routes use an administrative distance of 10.

a. Configure IPv4 default routes to the cloud using the Ethernet link as the preferred link and the serial link as the backup.

Branch-101(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 g0/0/1
Branch-101(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 s0/1/0 10

b. Configure IPv6 default routes to the cloud. Use the Ethernet link as the primary route, and the serial link as backup. Use an administrative distance of 10 for the backup route. These routes should specify the next hop interface address.

Branch-101(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
Branch-101(config)#ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8:ACAD:C::1
Branch-101(config)#ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8:ACAD:B::1 10

Part 4: Configure a Wireless LAN using a Wireless LAN Controller

In this part of the assessment, you will configure the wireless LAN controller to provide access wireless access to the network. Username and password are the default admin/admin.

Open the browser from the desktop of W-Admin Host or (Management Host). Connect to the IP address of the WLC over HTTPS: https://192.168.100.254

Login with the username admin and password admin

Step 1: Configure a VLAN interface.

a. Create a new interface and name it WLAN 10. The interface should use VLAN 10.


b. Use the information in the addressing table to configure the addressing settings for the interface. The interface will be using a DHCP pool that will be assign addresses on the network configured on the subinterface assigned to VLAN 10 on router Branch-101

Port Number: 1

VLAN Identifier: 10
IP Address: 192.168.10.254
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.10.1

Primary DHCP Server: 192.168.10.1


Step 2: Configure a RADIUS server.

a. Configure the WLC with the RADIUS server IPv4 address

b. Use a shared secret of RADsecret.

Step 3: Configure a Wireless LAN.

a. Create a new WLAN. Name it WLAN 10 and configure the SSID as SSID-10.

b. Configure the WLAN to use the WPA2 security policy and dot1x Authentication Key Management.

c. Configure the WLAN to use the RADIUS server that was previously configured to authenticate wireless users.

d. Open the Advanced tab and scroll down to the Flexconnect sections. Activate FlexConnect Local Switching and FlexConnect Local Auth.

e. Verify that the WLAN is configured and operational.

Step 4: Configure a DHCP scope for the management network.

Configure a new DHCP scope to be used by the LAPS and other management devices on the network.

a. Name the DHCP scope Wired_Admin.

b. Start the scope at address 192.168.100.240. End the scope at address 192.168.100.249.

c. Other information that is required can be found in the Addressing Table.

Step 5: Configure an SNMP server.

Configure an SNMP server to receive traps from the WLC.

a. Use the community name branch-wireless.

b. Use 172.16.1.100 as the server address.

Step 6: Configure the wireless host.

Configure the Laptop to connect to the WLAN.

a. Create a new wireless profile on the host. Use the name work net for the profile.

Click Wireless Host Laptop and open the PC Wireless app


b. Configure the profile for the SSID of the WLAN.

c. Use enterprise authentication with a username of user1 and password of user1Pass.


d. When you are finished, click “Connect to Network.”

Result


You can click the Fast Forward Time button speed up the process.

Fast script – Answers

Part 1 + 2 + 3

S1-1 Switch or (SW-1 Switch)

en
config t
vlan 10
name users
vlan 999
name unused
exit

interface range f0/1-5, g0/1
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 10

interface range f0/1-5
switchport port-security
switchport port-security maximum 4
switchport port-security violation restrict
switchport port-security aging time 10
switchport port-security mac-address sticky
exit

interface f0/1
switchport port-security mac-address 00D0.D3DC.2825
exit

ip dhcp snooping 
ip dhcp snooping vlan 10,999
interface range f0/1-5, g0/1
ip dhcp snooping limit rate 5
exit
interface g0/1
ip dhcp snooping trust
exit

ip arp inspection vlan 10,999
interface g0/1
ip arp inspection trust
exit

interface range f0/1-5
spanning-tree portfast
spanning-tree bpduguard enable

interface range f0/6-24, g0/2
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 999
shutdown

Branch-101 Router or (RTR-Branch Router)

en
config t
interface g0/0/0.10
description WLAN users
encapsulation dot1q 10
ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0
exit

ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.10.1
ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.10.254
ip dhcp pool WLAN-hosts
network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
default-router 192.168.10.1
dns-server 198.51.100.163
exit

interface g0/0/1
ip address dhcp

end
exit

Central Router or (RTR-HQ Router)

enable
conf t
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 g0/0/2
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 s0/1/0 10
ipv6 unicast-routing
ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8:ACAD:A::2
ipv6 route ::/0 2001:db8:acad:b::2 10
ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 g0/0/2
ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 s0/1/0 10
ip route 192.168.3.122 255.255.255.255 s0/1/1
ipv6 route 2001:db8:acad:3::122/128 2001:db8:acad:d::2

Branch-101 Router or (RTR-Branch Router)

enable 
configure terminal 
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 g0/0/1
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 s0/1/0 10
ipv6 unicast-routing
ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8:ACAD:C::1
ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8:ACAD:B::1 10

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