CCNA Cyber Ops (Version 1.1) – Chapter 7 Exam Answers Full

CCNA Cyber Ops (Version 1.1) – Chapter 7 Exam Answers Full
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1. Which technology is a proprietary SIEM system?

  • SNMP agent
  • Splunk *
  • Stealthwatch
  • NetFlow collector

B. Security information event management (SIEM) is a technology that is used in enterprise organizations to provide real-time reporting and long-term analysis of security events. Splunk is a proprietary SIEM system.

2. Which term is used to describe legitimate traffic that is mistaken for unauthorized traffic by firewalls and IPSs?

  • True positive
  • True negative
  • False positive *
  • False negative

C. Network security devices such as firewalls and intrusion prevention systems (IPSs) use preconfigured rules to identify malicious traffic on the network. Sometimes legitimate traffic is mistakenly identified as unauthorized or malicious. When legitimate traffic is incorrectly identified as unauthorized, it is known as a false positive.

3. Which monitoring technology mirrors traffic flowing through a switch to an analysis device connected to another switch port?

  • SNMP
  • SIEM
  • SPAN *
  • NetFlow

C. When enabled on a switch, SPAN, or port mirroring, copies frames sent and received by the switch and forwards them to another port, known as a Switch Port Analyzer port, which has an analysis device attached.

4. Which network monitoring tool saves captured network frames in PCAP files?

  • NetFlow
  • Wireshark *
  • SNMP
  • SIEM

B. Wireshark is a network protocol analyzer used to capture network traffic. The traffic captured by Wireshark is saved in PCAP files and includes interface information and timestamps.

5. Which language is used to query a relational database?

  • SQL *
  • C++
  • Python
  • Java

A. Cybercriminals use SQL injections to breach a relational database, create malicious SQL queries, and obtain sensitive data.

6. Which network monitoring tool is in the category of network protocol analyzers?

  • SNMP
  • SPAN
  • Wireshark *
  • SIEM

C. Wireshark is a network protocol analyzer used to capture network traffic. The traffic captured by Wireshark is saved in PCAP files and includes interface information and timestamps.

7. Which SIEM function is associated with examining the logs and events of multiple systems to reduce the amount of time of detecting and reacting to security events?

  • Retention
  • Aggregation
  • Correlation *
  • Forensic analysis

C. SIEM provides administrators with details on sources of suspicious activity such as user information, device location, and compliance with security policies. One of the essential functions of SIEM is correlation of logs and events from different systems in order to speed the detection and reaction to security events.

8. Which network technology uses a passive splitting device that forwards all traffic, including Layer 1 errors, to an analysis device?

  • IDS
  • SNMP
  • NetFlow
  • Network TAP *

D. A network TAP is a common technology that is used to capture traffic for monitoring the network. The TAP is typically a passive splitting device implemented inline on the network and that forwards all traffic, including physical layer errors, to an analysis device.

9. What technique is a security attack that depletes the pool of IP addresses available for legitimate hosts?

  • DHCP spoofing
  • DHCP snooping
  • DHCP starvation *
  • Reconnaissance attack

C. DHCP starvation attacks create a denial of service for network clients. Theattacker sends DHCP discovery messages that contain fake MAC addresses in an attempt to lease all of the IP addresses. In contrast, DHCP spoofing occurs when a cybercriminal configures a rogue DHCP server to provide network clients with incorrect IP configuration information.

10. In what type of attack is a cybercriminal attempting to prevent legitimate users from accessing network services?

  • DoS *
  • MITM
  • Session hijacking
  • Address spoofing

A. In a DoS, or denial-of-service, attack, the goal of the attacker is to prevent legitimate users from accessing network services.

11. Which network monitoring technology collects IP operational data on packets flowing through Cisco routers and multilayer switches?

  • SNMP
  • SIEM
  • NetFlow *
  • Wireshark

C. NetFlow is a Cisco technology that runs on Cisco routers and multilayer switches and that gathers statistics on forwarded packets.

12. What are two monitoring tools that capture network traffic and forward it to network monitoring devices? (Choose two.)

  • SPAN
  • network tap
  • SNMP
  • SIEM
  • Wireshark

13. Which technology is an open source SIEM system?

  • Wireshark
  • StealWatch
  • Splunk
  • ELK

14. What network attack seeks to create a DoS for clients by preventing them from being able to obtain a DHCP lease?

  • IP address spoofing
  • DHCP starvation
  • CAM table attack
  • DHCP spoofing

15. Which protocol would be the target of a cushioning attack?

  • DHCP
  • HTTP
  • ARP
  • DNS

16. Which network monitoring capability is provided by using SPAN?

  • Network analysts are able to access network device log files and to monitor network behavior.
  • Statistics on packets flowing through Cisco routers and multilayer switches can be captured.
  • Traffic exiting and entering a switch is copied to a network monitoring device.
  • Real-time reporting and long-term analysis of security events are enabled.

17. Which type of DNS attack involves the cybercriminal compromising a parent domain and creating multiple subdomains to be used during the attacks?

  • shadowing
  • amplification and reflection
  • tunneling
  • cache poisoning

18. Refer to the exhibit. What protocol would be used by the syslog server service to create this type of output for security purposes?

  • NTP
  • AAA
  • ICMP
  • SNMP

19. What is the result of a passive ARP poisoning attack?

  • Confidential information is stolen.
  • Network clients experience a denial of service
  • Data is modified in transit or malicious data is inserted in transit.
  • Multiple subdomains are created.

20. Which term is used for bulk advertising emails flooded to as many end users as possible?

  • spam
  • adware
  • brute force
  • phishing

21. Which capability is provided by the aggregation function in SIEM?

  • reducing the volume of event data by consolidating duplicate event records
  • searching logs and event records of multiple sources for more complete forensic analysis
  • presenting correlated and aggregated event data in real-time monitoring
  • increasing speed of detection and reaction to security threats by examining logs from many systems and applications

22. Which protocol is attacked when a cybercriminal provides an invalid gateway in order to create a man-in-the-middle attack?

  • HTTP or HTTPS
  • ICMP
  • DNS
  • DHCP

23. Which network monitoring tool can provide a complete audit trail of basic information of all IP flows on a Cisco router and forward the data to a device?

  • SPAN
  • Wireshark
  • NetFlow
  • SIEM

24. What are two methods used by cybercriminals to mask DNS attacks? (Choose two.)

  • domain generation algorithms
  • shadowing
  • fast flux
  • reflection
  • tunneling

25. Which protocol is exploited by cybercriminals who create malicious iFrames?

  • HTTP
  • ARP
  • DNS
  • DHCP

26. Which SIEM function is associated with speeding up detection of security threats by examining logs and events from different systems?

  • forensic analysis
  • retention
  • correlation
  • aggregation

27. In which TCP attack is the cybercriminal attempting to overwhelm a target host with half-open TCP connections?

  • reset attack
  • session hijacking attack
  • port scan attack
  • SYN flood attack

28. In which type of attack is falsified information used to redirect users to malicious Internet sites?

  • ARP cache poisoning
  • DNS amplification and reflection
  • DNS cache poisoning
  • domain generation

29. Refer to the exhibit. A junior network administrator is inspecting the traffic flow of a particular server in order to make security recommendations to the departmental supervisor. Which recommendation should be made?

  • A more secure protocol should be used.
  • The total length (TL) field indicates an unsecure Layer 4 protocol is being used.
  • The person accessing the server should never access it from a device using a private IP address.
  • The person accessing the server should use the private IP address of the server.

30. Which network monitoring tool saves captured packets in a PCAP file?

  • Wireshark
  • SIEM
  • SNMP
  • NetFlow

31. Which cyber attack involves a coordinated attack from a botnet of zombie computers?

  • ICMP redirect
  • MITM
  • DDoS
  • address spoofing

32. How is optional network layer information carried by IPv6 packets?

  • inside an options field that is part of the IPv6 packet header
  • inside the Flow Label field
  • inside the payload carried by the IPv6 packet
  • inside an extension header attached to the main IPv6 packet header

33. What type of attack targets an SQL database using the input field of a user?

  • Cross-site scripting
  • SQL injection
  • buffer overflow
  • XML injection

34. What network monitoring technology enables a switch to copy and forward traffic sent and received on multiple interfaces out another interface toward a network analysis device?

  • port mirroring
  • NetFlow
  • SNMP
  • network tap

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