Modules 1 – 2: Threat Actors and Defenders Group Exam (Answers)

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CyberOps Associate (Version 1.0) – Modules 1 – 2: Threat Actors and Defenders Group Exam Answers

1. Which organization is an international nonprofit organization that offers the CISSP certification?

  • CompTIA
  • (ISC)2
  • IEEE
  • GIAC

2. What is a benefit to an organization of using SOAR as part of the SIEM system?

  • SOAR was designed to address critical security events and high-end investigation.
  • SOAR would benefit smaller organizations because it requires no cybersecurity analyst involvement once installed.
  • SOAR automates incident investigation and responds to workflows based on playbooks.
  • SOAR automation guarantees an uptime factor of “5 nines”.

3. Which personnel in a SOC are assigned the task of hunting for potential threats and implementing threat detection tools?

  • Tier 3 SME
  • Tier 2 Incident Reporter
  • Tier 1 Analyst
  • SOC Manager

4. Which three technologies should be included in a SOC security information and event management system? (Choose three.)

  • security monitoring
  • threat intelligence
  • proxy service
  • firewall appliance
  • intrusion prevention
  • log management

5. The term cyber operations analyst refers to which group of personnel in a SOC?

  • Tier 1 personnel
  • Tier 3 personnel
  • Tier 2 personnel
  • SOC managers

6. How does a security information and event management system (SIEM) in a SOC help the personnel fight against security threats?

  • by analyzing logging data in real time
  • by combining data from multiple technologies
  • by integrating all security devices and appliances in an organization
  • by dynamically implementing firewall rules

7. An SOC is searching for a professional to fill a job opening. The employee must have expert-level skills in networking, endpoint, threat intelligence, and malware reverse engineering in order to search for cyber threats hidden within the network. Which job within an SOC requires a professional with those skills?

  • Incident Responder
  • Alert Analyst
  • SOC Manager
  • Threat Hunter

8. Which three are major categories of elements in a security operations center? (Choose three.)

  • technologies
  • Internet connection
  • processes
  • data center
  • people
  • database engine

9. Which KPI metric does SOAR use to measure the time required to stop the spread of malware in the network?

  • MITR
  • Time to Control
  • MITC
  • MTTD

Explanation:
The common key performance indicator (KPI) metrics compiled by SOC managers are as follows:
• Dwell Time: the length of time that threat actors have access to a network before they are detected and the access of the threat actors stopped
• Mean Time to Detect (MTTD): the average time that it takes for the SOC personnel to identify that valid security incidents have occurred in the network
• Mean Time to Respond (MTTR): the average time that it takes to stop and remediate a security incident
• Mean Time to contain (MTTC): the time required to stop the incident from causing further damage to systems or data
• Time to Control the time required to stop the spread of malware in the network

10. What job would require verification that an alert represents a true security incident or a false positive?

  • Alert Analyst
  • Threat Hunter
  • SOC Manager
  • Incident Reporter

11. When a user turns on the PC on Wednesday, the PC displays a message indicating that all of the user files have been locked. In order to get the files unencrypted, the user is supposed to send an email and include a specific ID in the email title. The message also includes ways to buy and submit bitcoins as payment for the file decryption. After inspecting the message, the technician suspects a security breach occurred. What type of malware could be responsible?

  • Trojan
  • spyware
  • adware
  • ransomware

12. An employee connects wirelessly to the company network using a cell phone. The employee then configures the cell phone to act as a wireless access point that will allow new employees to connect to the company network. Which type of security threat best describes this situation?

  • rogue access point
  • cracking
  • spoofing
  • denial of service

13. What are two examples of personally identifiable information (PII)? (Choose two.)

  • first name
  • IP address
  • language preference
  • street address
  • credit card number

14. What is the dark web?

  • It is a website that reports the most recent activities of cybercriminals all over the world.
  • It is a website that sells stolen credit cards.
  • It is part of the internet where a person can obtain personally identifiable information from anyone for free
  • It is part of the internet that can only be accessed with special software.

15. A company has just had a cybersecurity incident. The threat actor appeared to have a goal of network disruption and appeared to use a common security hack tool that overwhelmed a particular server with a large amount of traffic. This traffic rendered the server inoperable. How would a certified cybersecurity analyst classify this type of threat actor?

  • terrorist
  • hacktivist
  • state-sponsored
  • amateur

16. A user calls the help desk complaining that the password to access the wireless network has changed without warning. The user is allowed to change the password, but an hour later, the same thing occurs. What might be happening in this situation?

  • rogue access point
  • password policy
  • weak password
  • user error
  • user laptop

17. Which regulatory law regulates the identification, storage, and transmission of patient personal healthcare information?

  • FISMA
  • HIPAA
  • PCI-DSS
  • GLBA

18. A worker in the records department of a hospital accidentally sends a medical record of a patient to a printer in another department. When the worker arrives at the printer, the patient record printout is missing. What breach of confidentiality does this situation describe?

  • EMR
  • PII
  • PSI
  • PHI

19. What type of cyberwarfare weapon was Stuxnet?

  • botnet
  • virus
  • worm
  • ransomware

20. Which example illustrates how malware might be concealed?

CyberOps Associate (Version 1.0) - Modules 1 - 2: Threat Actors and Defenders Group Exam

  • A hacker uses techniques to improve the ranking of a website so that users are redirected to a malicious site.
  • An attack is launched against the public website of an online retailer with the objective of blocking its response to visitors.
  • A botnet of zombies carry personal information back to the hacker.
  • An email is sent to the employees of an organization with an attachment that looks like an antivirus update, but the attachment actually consists of spyware.

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