CCNA Cyber Ops (Version 1.1) – Chapter 2 Exam Answers Full

CCNA Cyber Ops (Version 1.1) – Chapter 2 Exam Answers Full
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1. What contains information on how hard drive partitions are organized?

  • CPU
  • MBR *
  • BOOTMGR
  • Windows Registry

B. The master boot record (MBR) contains a small program that is responsible for locating and loading the operating system. The BIOS executes this code and the operating system starts to load.

2. Which net command is used on a Windows PC to establish a connection to a shared directory on a remote server?

  • net use *
  • net start
  • net share
  • net session

A. The net command is a very important command in Windows. Some common net commands include the following:
net accounts: Sets password and logon requirements for users
net session: Lists or disconnects sessions between a computer and other
computers on the network
net share: Creates, removes, or manages shared resourcesnet start: Starts a network service or lists running network services
net stop: Stops a network service
net use: Connects, disconnects, and displays information about shared
network resources
net view: Shows a list of computers and network devices on the network

3. Which type of startup must be selected for a service that should run each time the computer is booted?

  • Boot
  • Manual
  • Automatic *
  • Start
  • Startup

C. An automatic startup will start the service automatically when the PC starts. The manual startup process will occur when the application is launched by a user. There is no boot, start, or startup service type that can be configured.

4. A user creates a file with a .ps1 extension in Windows. What type of file is it?

  • PowerShell cmdlet
  • PowerShell function
  • PowerShell documentation
  • PowerShell script *

D. The types of commands that PowerShell can execute include the following:
Cmdlets: Perform an action and return an output or object to the next command that will be executed
PowerShell scripts: Files with a .ps1 extension that contain PowerShell commands that are executed
PowerShell functions: Pieces of code that can be referenced in a script

5. When a user makes changes to the settings of a Windows system, where are these changes stored?

  • Control panel
  • Registry *
  • win.ini
  • boot.ini

B. The registry contains information about applications, users, hardware, network settings, and file types. The registry also contains a unique section for every user, which contains the settings configured by that particular user.

6. Which Windows version was the first to introduce a 64-bit Windows operating system?

  • Windows NT
  • Windows XP *
  • Windows 7
  • Windows 10

B. There are more than 20 releases and versions of the Windows operating system. The Windows XP release introduced 64-bit processing to Windows computing.

7. Two pings were issued from a host on a local network. The first ping was issued to the IP address of the default gateway of the host and it failed. The second ping was issued to the IP address of a host outside the local network and it was successful. What is a possible cause for the failed ping?

  • The default gateway device is configured with the wrong IP address.
  • The TCP/IP stack on the default gateway is not working properly.
  • The default gateway is not operational.
  • Security rules are applied to the default gateway device, preventing it from processing ping requests. *

D. If the ping from one host to another host on a remote network is successful, this indicates that the default gateway is operational. In this scenario, if a ping from one host to the default gateway failed, it is possible that some security features are applied to the router interface, preventing it from responding to ping requests.

8. Which command is used to manually query a DNS server to resolve a specific hostname?

  • net
  • tracert
  • nslookup *
  • ipconfig /displaydns

C. The nslookup command was created to allow a user to manually query a DNS server to resolve a given host name. The ipconfig /displaydns command only displays previously resolved DNS entries. The tracert command was created to examine the path that packets take as they cross a network and can resolve a hostname by automatically querying a DNS server. The net command is used to manage network computers, servers, printers, and network drives.

9. What is the purpose of the cd\ command?

  • changes directory to the previous directory
  • changes directory to the root directory *
  • changes directory to the next highest directory
  • changes directory to the next lower directory

B. CLI commands are typed into the Command Prompt window of the Windows operating system. The cd\ command is used to change the directory to the Windows root directory.

10. How much RAM is addressable by a 32-bit version of Windows?

  • 4 GB *
  • 8 GB
  • 16 GB
  • 32 GB

A. A 32-bit operating system is capable of supporting approximately 4 GB of memory. This is because 2^32 is approximately 4 GB.

11. How can a user prevent specific applications from accessing a Windowscomputer over a network?

  • Enable MAC address filtering.
  • Disable automatic IP address assignment.
  • Block specific TCP or UDP ports in Windows Firewall. *
  • Change default usernames and passwords.

C. Network applications have specific TCP or UDP ports that can be left open or blocked in Windows Firewall. Disabling automatic IP address assignment may result in the computer not being able to connect to the network at all. Enabling MAC address filtering is not possible in Windows and would only block specific network hosts, not applications. Changing default usernames and passwords will secure the computer from unauthorized users, not from applications.

12. What utility is used to show the system resources consumed by each user?

  • Task Manager *
  • User Accounts
  • Device Manager
  • Event Viewe

A. The Windows Task Manager utility includes a Users tab from which the system resources consumed by each user can be displayed.

13. What utility is available on a Windows PC to view current running applications and processes?

  • nslookup
  • ipconfig
  • Control Panel
  • Task Manager

14. A user logs in to Windows with a regular user account and attempts to use an application that requires administrative privileges. What can the user do to successfully use the application?

  • Right-click the application and choose Run as root.
  • Right-click the application and choose Run as Priviledge.
  • Right-click the application and choose Run as Administrator.
  • Right-click the application and choose Run as Superuser.

15. A technician can ping the IP address of the web server of a remote company but cannot successfully ping the URL address of the same web server. Which software utility can the technician use to diagnose the problem?

  • nslookup
  • tracert
  • netstat
  • ipconfig

16. Where are the settings that are chosen during the installation process stored?

  • in the recovery partition
  • in flash memory
  • in the Registry
  • in BIOS

17. What technology was created to replace the BIOS program on modern personal computer motherboards?

  • CMOS
  • MBR
  • RAM
  • UEFI

18. Which two things can be determined by using the ping command? (Choose two.)

  • the number of routers between the source and destination device
  • the destination device is reachable through the network
  • the average time it takes each router in the path between source and destination to respond
  • the IP address of the router nearest the destination device
  • the average time it takes a packet to reach the destination and for the response to return to the source

19. What function is provided by the Windows Task Manager?

  • It provides an active list of TCP connections.
  • It maintains system logs.
  • It selectively denies traffic on specified interfaces.
  • It provides information on system resources and processes.

20. Which type of Windows PowerShell command performs an action and returns an output or object to the next command that will be executed?

  • scripts
  • functions
  • cmdlets
  • routines

21. What would be displayed if the netstat -abno command was entered on a Windows PC?

  • all active TCP and UDP connections, their current state, and their associated process ID (PID)
  • only active TCP connections in an ESTABLISHED state
  • only active UDP connections in an LISTENING state
  • a local routing table

22. Which two commands could be used to check if DNS name resolution is working properly on a Windows PC? (Choose two.)

  • ipconfig /flushdns
  • net cisco.com
  • nslookup cisco.com
  • ping cisco.com
  • nbtstat cisco.com

23. Refer to the exhibit. A cyber security administrator is attempting to view system information from the Windows PowerShell and recieves the error message shown. What action does the administrator need to take to successfully run the command?

  • Run the command from the command prompt.
  • Install latest Windows updates.
  • Restart the abno service in Task Manager.
  • Run PowerShell as administrator.

24. Refer to the exhibit. A cybersecurity analyst is investigating a reported security incident on a Microsoft Windows computer. Which tool is the analyst using?

  • Event Viewer
  • PowerShell
  • Task Manager
  • Performance Monitor

25. For security reasons a network administrator needs to ensure that local computers cannot ping each other. Which settings can accomplish this task?

  • firewall settings
  • MAC address settings
  • smartcard settings
  • file system settings

26. Consider the path representation in Windows CLI C:\Users\Jason\Desktop\mydocu.txt. What does the Users\Jason component represent?

  • file directory and subdirectory
  • current file directory
  • file attribute
  • storage device or partition

27. Which two user accounts are automatically created when a user installs Windows to a new computer? (Choose two.)

  • superuser
  • guest
  • root
  • administrator
  • system

28. What term is used to describe a logical drive that can be formatted to store data?

  • partition
  • track
  • sector
  • cluster
  • volume

29. What is the purpose of entering the netsh command on a Windows PC?

  • to create user accounts
  • to test the hardware devices on the PC
  • to change the computer name for the PC
  • to configure networking parameters for the PC

30. A technician is troubleshooting a PC unable to connect to the network. What command should be issued to check the IP address of the device?

  • ipconfig
  • ping
  • tracert
  • nslookup

31. Refer to the exhibit. Which Microsoft Windows application is being used?

  • Event Viewer
  • PowerShell
  • Task Manager
  • Performance Monitor

32. What are two reasons for entering the ipconfig command on a Windows PC? (Choose two.)

  • to review the network configuration on the PC
  • to check if the DNS server can be contacted
  • to ensure that the PC can connect to remote networks
  • to review the status of network media connections
  • to display the bandwidth and throughput of the network connection

33. What are two advantages of the NTFS file system compared with FAT32? (Choose two.)

  • NTFS allows the automatic detection of bad sectors.
  • NTFS is easier to configure.
  • NTFS allows faster formatting of drives.
  • NTFS provides more security features.
  • NTFS supports larger files.
  • NTFS allows faster access to external peripherals such as a USB drive.

34. What is the purpose of using the net accounts command in Windows?

  • to start a network service
  • to display information about shared network resources
  • to show a list of computers and network devices on the network
  • to review the settings of password and logon requirements for users

35. What are two reasons for entering the ping 127.0.0.1 command on a Windows PC? (Choose two.)

  • to check if the NIC functions as expected
  • to check if the default gateway is configured correctly
  • to display the bandwidth and throughput of the network connection
  • to check if the TCP/IP protocol suite is installed properly
  • to ensure that the PC can connect to remote networks

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