10.3.1.4 Lab – Finalize the Windows Installation
Instructor Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the Instructor copy only.
In this lab, you will add user accounts and finalize an installation of Windows 10.
Background / Scenario
After the initial installation of the Windows operating system, the installation needs to be finalized by creating any required additional user accounts, verifying that all hardware is installed correctly, and installing service packs, patches, and updates.
- A computer with Windows 10 installed.
Part 1: User Account Creation
Step 1: Create new accounts in Windows 10
a. In the Windows search box, type settings to open the Windows Settings utility and click Accounts.
b. In the Accounts utility, click Family & other Users in the left side pane and then click Add someone else to this PC.
c. When prompted for How will this person sign in, you can choose an email or phone number that they already use for other Microsoft products or choose I don’t have this person’s sign-in information. In this lab, we will choose the second option of not having sign-in information.
d. The next screen asks for a phone number or email address to create a Microsoft account for the user. Choose Add a user without a Microsoft account.
e. In the Create an account for this PC window, you will add a username and password for the account. There are also three required security questions to fill in. When all information is complete, click Next.
f. You are returned to the Other Users window and should now see the new Local account. You can now click the new account to see an option to change the account type or remove the account. If you click Change account type, you will have the option to change the account to an Administrator account.
Step 2: Create new local user accounts in Windows 7 and 8
Windows 7: Start > click Control Panel > click view by Small icons in the Control Panel > click User Accounts > click Manage another account > click Create a new account > Enter the username and account type > click Create Account.
Windows 8.x: Start > click Control Panel > click view by Small icons in the Control Panel > click User Accounts > click Manage another account > click Add a new user in PC settings > click Add an account > click Sign in without a Microsoft account (not recommended) > click Local account > Enter the username, password, Reenter password, and password hint > click Next > click Finish.
Part 2: Finalize the Installation
Step 1: Check for Windows Updates
To update the OS after the initial installation, Microsoft Windows Update is used to scan for new software and install service packs and patches.
a. To get to the Windows Update utility, type Update in the Windows search at the bottom of the desktop.
b. In the Windows Update window, you can click Check for updates to scan for needed Windows updates. Instead of the Check for updates button, you may see a list of missing important updates that need to be installed or require a restart. You can select the updates to install and click Restart now or Schedule the restart to have the computer restart at a later time.
Step 2: Check for Device Problems
After installation, verify that all hardware is installed correctly. The Device Manager utility is used to locate device problems and install the correct or updated drivers
a. Open Device Manager by typing Device Manager in the Windows search.
b. In Device Manager, you will see a list of device categories. Click a category to expand it and see all devices within that category. A yellow triangle with an exclamation point indicates a problem with a device. To view a description of the problem, right-click the device and select Properties. A gray circle with a downward pointing arrow indicates that a device is disabled. To enable the device, right-click the device and select Enable.
c. Pick a device inside a category and double-click the device. The device properties window will open with tabs allowing you to view information about the device. Click the Driver tab. From here notice that you have many options such as view driver details, update the driver, or uninstall the device.
What options are available in the Driver tab?
Answers may vary. Some of the options are Driver Details, Update Driver, Roll Back Driver, Disable Device, and Uninstall Device.
After finalizing the Windows installation, what else can you do to improve your experience?
Answers will vary. Some examples are review the advanced options for Windows Update, turn on system restore, declutter you taskbar and start menu, choose your default browser.