IT Essentials (Version 8.0) Chapter 5 Exam Answers ITE v8.0

How to find: Press “Ctrl + F” in the browser and fill in whatever wording is in the question to find that question/answer. If the question is not here, find it in Questions Bank.

NOTE: If you have the new question on this test, please comment Question and Multiple-Choice list in form below this article. We will update answers for you in the shortest time. Thank you! We truly value your contribution to the website.

IT Essentials (Version 8.0) – IT Essentials 8.0 Chapter 5 Exam Answers

1. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a firewall. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.
  • It is a device that uses existing electrical wiring to connect devices and sends data using specific frequencies.
  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.
  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.

2. Which type of server would be used to keep a historical record of messages from monitored network devices?

  • print
  • DNS
  • authentication
  • syslog
  • DHCP

Explanation: A syslog server is used as a centralized location for logged messages from monitored network devices.

3. Which two types of signal interference are reduced more by STP than by UTP? (Choose two.)

  • white noise
  • dispersion
  • EMI
  • RFI
  • MDF

Explanation: RFI, EMI, and crosstalk cause interference to the electrical signals that are transmitted through copper cables. Both UTP and STP use twisted pairs of wires that help protect against crosstalk. However, STP provides greater protection against RFI and EMI than UTP provides.

4. What is a characteristic of a WAN?

  • It connects multiple networks that are geographically separated.
  • It spans across a campus or city to enable sharing of regional resources.
  • It is typically owned and managed by a single home or business.
  • It requires a wireless access point to connect users to the network.

Explanation: A WAN (wide-area network) is used to connect networks that are geographically separated and is typically owned by a service provider. The service provider contracts out WAN services to individuals and organizations.

5. A network specialist has been hired to install a network in a company that assembles airplane engines. Because of the nature of the business, the area is highly affected by electromagnetic interference. Which type of network media should be recommended so that the data communication will not be affected by EMI?

  • UTP
  • STP
  • fiber optic
  • coaxial

Explanation: Optical fiber uses light to transmit signals. Therefore, fiber-optic cable is not affected by EMI or RFI.

6. Which device provides wireless connectivity to users as its primary function?

  • router
  • modem
  • access point
  • switch

Explanation: A switch connects multiple devices to a network. A router will forward traffic between networks. A wireless router will connect multiple wireless devices to a network. An access point will provides wireless connectivity to multiple devices and has fewer features than a wireless router. A modem will connect a home or small office to the Internet.

7. A customer is considering a multipurpose device to create a home network. Which three devices are usually integrated into a multipurpose network device? (Choose three.)

  • email server
  • switch
  • wireless access point
  • print server
  • router
  • web server

Explanation: A web server could be software installed on a computer. An email server is commonly provided by a provider like Google or Yahoo or built and provided in a corporate environment. Print servers are commonly found in a business, not home, environment.

8. Which two devices are commonly powered by PoE? (Choose two.)

  • router
  • modular switch
  • core switch
  • IP phone
  • access point

Explanation: Compact switches, APs, and IP phones can be powered by a PoE-enabled switch. Routers and modular switches require a large amount of energy and cannot be powered through an Ethernet cable.

9. Which pairs of wires change termination order between the 568A and 568B standards?

  • blue and brown
  • green and orange
  • green and brown
  • brown and orange

Explanation: The difference between the 568A and 568B standards is the order in which the colored wire pairs are sequenced. It is the green and the orange pairs of wires that are swapped between the two standards.

10. Which smart home wireless technology has an open standard that allows up to 232 devices to be connected?

  • Z-Wave
  • Zigbee
  • 802.11n
  • 802.11ac

Explanation: Z-Wave is used with smart homes to create a wireless network that can connect up to 232 devices. Z-Wave uses the 908.42 MHz frequency band.

11. Which network device allows administrators to remotely manage many devices through one dashboard interface?

  • powerline networking
  • Power over Ethernet
  • switch that supports VLANs
  • cloud-based network controller

Explanation: A cloud-based network controller allows a technician to control, configure, and monitor network devices such as access points or switches.

12. What type of connector is used to connect an analog modem to a telephone line socket?

  • BNC
  • ST
  • RJ-11
  • RJ-45

Explanation: For dial-up Internet service, the modem is connected to the telephone line socket via an RJ-11 connector.

13. Which satellite service can support up to approximately 100 Mbps with much lower latency than standard satellite?

  • ADSL
  • DSL
  • LEO
  • Broadband

Explanation: A new type of satellite service called LEO (Low Earth Orbit) can support up to approximately 100 Mbps. This is a much lower latency than standard satellites, which provide between 100 and 200 ms.

14. Which technology is most often used to connect devices to a PAN?

  • IEEE 802.11n wireless
  • coaxial cabling
  • Bluetooth
  • fiber optic cabling

Explanation: A personal-area network (PAN) connects wireless devices that are within close proximity of an individual person. Bluetooth network technology commonly provides the connectivity.

15. How many devices can a Bluetooth device connect to simultaneously?

  • 127
  • 24
  • 5
  • 10
  • 7

Explanation: Bluetooth is a short range wireless technology that is used for personal area network (PAN) devices such as cell phones, keyboards, headsets, and mice. A Bluetooth device can connect to a maximum of seven other devices using this 2.4 GHz technology.

16. Which IEEE standard operates at wireless frequencies in both the 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz ranges?

  • 802.11a
  • 802.11n
  • 802.11b
  • 802.11g

Explanation: The 802.11n standard is backwards compatible with both the 802.11a and 802.11b standards and therefore operates at both 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz.

17. Which device acts as a termination point for cable runs and keeps cables secure and safely out of walkways?

  • access point
  • KVM switch
  • UTM
  • patch panel

18. Which internet connection type is an always-on service that uses radio signals sent from a tower to a receiver in a home or business?

  • hotspot
  • satellite
  • cellular
  • line of sight wireless

Explanation: In addition to providing internet connectivity from a home or business, line of sight wireless may also be used to connect to other towers or to connect to some other type of backbone connection.

19. What is the correct order of the layers of the TCP/IP model from the top layer to the bottom?

  • network access, transport, internet, application
  • application, internet, network access, transport
  • application, transport, internet, network access
  • application, session, network, data link, physical

Explanation: The OSI model has 7 layers and the TCP/IP model has 4. Both models encapsulate data from the sender and prepare it for transport to a receiver over some type of network

20. What is a feature of a dial-up connection?

  • the use of different frequencies to carry voice and data signals on the copper telephone wire
  • the use of multiple channels which can carry different types of services
  • the use of an analog modem to transmit data over voice telephone lines
  • the use of different frequencies to send multiple signals over the same medium

Explanation: Dial-up Internet connections use a modem to send data over analog telephone lines.

21. A user needs to access the Internet from home. Which device is needed if a user connects to an ISP through the telephone network?

  • DSL modem
  • server
  • wireless access point
  • switch

Explanation: ISPs offer Internet access connection to homes through the telephone network with DSL technology. A user can connect to an ISP through the telephone network using a DSL modem. A wireless access point connects mobile devices to a local network.

22. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 389. What service application is the client requesting?

  • NetBIOS (NetBT)
  • HTTP
  • LDAP
  • POP3

23. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 22. What service application is the client requesting?

  • SMB/CIFS
  • HTTPS
  • SSH
  • SLP

24. Which network device makes forwarding decisions based on the destination MAC address that is contained in the frame?

  • switch
  • repeater
  • hub
  • router

Explanation: Switches are the central connection point for a LAN and they maintain a MAC address table. The MAC address table has a port number associated with a MAC address for each particular device. The switch inspects a frame to look at the destination MAC address. The switch then looks in its MAC address table and if that MAC address is found, the switch forwards the data to the port that is associated with that particular MAC address.

25. Which type of server would support the SMTP, POP, and IMAP protocols?

  • DHCP
  • proxy
  • email
  • syslog

Explanation: The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is used to send email. The Post Office Protocol (POP) and Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) are used to retrieve email. All three protocols are application layer protocols.

26. Which type of connection to the Internet is capable of the fastest transfer rates?

  • ISDN
  • POTS
  • fiber
  • satellite
  • cable

Explanation: Refer to the chapter graphics to see the various connectivity types and speeds.

27. Which well-known port number is used by the DHCP (client) protocol?

  • 67
  • 20
  • 80
  • 68
  • 53

Explanation: DHCP is a very important protocol that is used to provide IP addressing information to network clients. The DHCP server uses UDP port 67 and the network host uses UDP port 68.

28. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a DSL modem. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.
  • It connects the network of a user to the digital infrastructure of a phone company, providing always-on service.
  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It connects networks and forwards traffic to remote networks by using IP addressing information.

29. A technician with a PC is using multiple applications while connected to the Internet. How is the PC able to keep track of the data flow between multiple application sessions and have each application receive the correct packet flows?

  • The data flow is being tracked based on the destination MAC address of the technician PC.
  • The data flow is being tracked based on the source IP address that is used by the PC of the technician.
  • The data flow is being tracked based on the destination IP address that is used by the PC of the technician.
  • The data flow is being tracked based on the source port number that is used by each application.

Explanation: The source port number of an application is randomly generated and used to individually keep track of each session connecting out to the Internet. Each application will use a unique source port number to provide simultaneous communication from multiple applications through the Internet.

30. Which network device would be the most appropriate to provide stateful packet filtering, email filtering, and VPN services?

  • UTM
  • router
  • endpoint management server
  • proxy server
  • TPM

Explanation: A universal threat management (UTM) device is an all-in-one security device that can provide firewall, proxy filtering, email filtering, and network access control services as well as be a point where remote users connect to the company using a VPN.

31. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 21. What service application is the client requesting?

  • LDAP
  • SLP
  • SNMP
  • FTP

32. When would a printer be considered a network host?

  • when it is connected to a workstation
  • when it is connected to a laptop
  • when it is connected to a PC
  • when it is connected to a switch

Explanation: When a printer is connected directly to a networking device, such as a hub, switch, or router, it is considered to be a network host.

33. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a PoE injector. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.
  • It is a device that allows a network administrator to manage many remote networking devices from a central location.
  • It connects the network of a user to the digital infrastructure of a phone company, providing always-on service.
  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.

34. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 143. What service application is the client requesting?

  • SMB/CIFS
  • IMAP
  • HTTPS
  • SLP

35. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 23. What service application is the client requesting?

  • SMB/CIFS
  • HTTPS
  • Telnet
  • SLP

36. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 25. What service application is the client requesting?

  • SMB/CIFS
  • HTTPS
  • SLP
  • SMTP

37. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 137. What service application is the client requesting?

  • SMB/CIFS
  • HTTPS
  • NetBIOS (NetBT)
  • SLP

38. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 53. What service application is the client requesting?

  • NetBIOS (NetBT)
  • DNS
  • POP3
  • IMAP

39. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a managed switch. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It provides a wired or wireless connection between end devices, switches, and routers and in some cases, can regenerate weak signals.
  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.
  • It connects multiple end devices and can be configured for VLANs and port security.

40. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a Powerline networking connector. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is a device that uses existing electrical wiring to connect devices and sends data using specific frequencies.
  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.
  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It connects networks and forwards traffic to remote networks by using IP addressing information.

41. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a cable modem. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.
  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.
  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It connects networks and forwards traffic to remote networks by using IP addressing information.

42. A client packet is received by a server. The packet has a destination port number of 161. What service application is the client requesting?

  • SMB/CIFS
  • HTTPS
  • SNMP
  • SLP

43. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds an unmanaged switch. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It provides a wired or wireless connection between end devices, switches, and routers and in some cases, can regenerate weak signals.
  • It is a device whose sole purpose is to connect end devices and to microsegment a LAN.
  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.

44. What is a common function of a proxy server?

  • to control who is permitted to access the internal network
  • to detect malicious signatures by monitoring traffic that is entering the internal network
  • to store frequently accessed web pages on the internal network
  • to provide access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources

Explanation: A proxy server is often responsible for caching web pages frequently accessed by internal users. If another internal user requests any of the stored pages, the proxy server can quickly provide the stored web pages to the internal user instead of sending the request over the Internet to the original web server.

45. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds an access point. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It uses radio waves to provide network access to wireless devices.
  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It provides a wired or wireless connection between end devices, switches, and routers and in some cases, can regenerate weak signals.
  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.

46. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a Cisco ASA 5505-X (UTM). What is the purpose of this device?

  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.
  • It is a device that uses existing electrical wiring to connect devices and sends data using specific frequencies.
  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.
  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.

47. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a cloud-based network controller. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It transfers small amounts of DC current over Ethernet cables to power low voltage devices such as wireless access points and
  • It is a device that allows a network administrator to manage many remote networking devices from a central location.
  • surveillance cameras.
  • It provides a wired or wireless connection between end devices, switches, and routers and in some cases, can regenerate weak signals.
  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.

48. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds an Ethernet NIC. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.
  • It is needed to connect a computer to a wired local-area network.
  • It is a device that uses existing electrical wiring to connect devices and sends data using specific frequencies.
  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.

49. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a router. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is an all-in-one security appliance that includes IDS/IPS functionality as well as stateful firewall services.
  • It provides a wired or wireless connection between end devices, switches, and routers and in some cases, can regenerate weak signals.
  • It connects networks and forwards traffic to remote networks by using IP addressing information.
  • It is placed between two or more networks and protects data and equipment from unauthorized access.

50. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a patch panel. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It provides a wired or wireless connection between end devices, switches, and routers and in some cases, can regenerate weak signals.
  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.
  • It is a device that uses existing electrical wiring to connect devices and sends data using specific frequencies.
  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.

51. Which IEEE standard is used for PoE?

  • 802.3af
  • 802.11af
  • 802.1q
  • 802.15

Explanation: 802.3af is an IEEE standard for PoE. Other PoE standards are 802.3at and 802.3bt. 802.11af is a wireless LAN standard. 802.1q is a standard specifying the tagging of VLAN frames across a trunk link. 802.15 is the IEEE standard for personal area networks that includes Bluetooth.

52. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a wireless NIC. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is needed to connect a computer or smart device to an 802.11 network.
  • It connects a home or business network to a company that provides internet connectivity as well as television signals.
  • It is a device that uses existing electrical wiring to connect devices and sends data using specific frequencies.
  • It is a device that can be inserted in the middle of a cable run to add power.

53. A technician is searching through a storage locker and finds a repeater. What is the purpose of this device?

  • It is used to regenerate weak signals to extend the distance a signal can travel.
  • It is a legacy device used to divide LANs into network segments, filtering traffic between those LAN segments.
  • It is a legacy device that connects end devices and where traffic from one connected device floods out to every other connected device.
  • It connects multiple end devices and can be configured for VLANs and port security.
Subscribe
Notify of
guest

3 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
fella
fella
7 months ago

A technician with a PC is using multiple applications while connected to the Internet. How is the PC able to keep track of the data flow between multiple application sessions and have each application receive the correct packet flows?

  • The data flow is being tracked based on the destination IP address that is used by the PC of the technician.
  • The data flow is being tracked based on the source IP address that is used by the PC of the technician.
  • The data flow is being tracked based on the source port number that is used by each application.
  • The data flow is being tracked based on the destination MAC address of the technician PC.
Chipego Wamundila
Chipego Wamundila
1 year ago

Which IEEE standard operates at wireless frequencies in both the 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz rages?
•802. 11b
•802. 11a
•802. 11n
•802. 11g

mh yousaf
mh yousaf
1 year ago

7 What is a characteristic of a WAN?

7
What is a characteristic of a WAN?

  • It is typically owned and managed by a single home or business.
  • It spans across a campus or city to enable sharing of regional resources.
  • It requires a wireless access point to connect users to the network.
  • It connects multiple networks that are geographically separated.