IT Essentials 8 Module 10 Quiz Answers: Windows Installation

IT Essentials 8.0 Module Windows Installation Quiz Answers

1. Which location on a hard disk is used by the BIOS to search for operating system instructions in order to boot a PC?

  • the logical drive
  • the active partition
  • the Windows partition
  • the extended partition

Explanation: On a hard disk, up to four primary partitions can be created. Alternatively, up to three primary partitions plus an extended partition can be created, and the extended partition can further be divided into multiple logical drives, if desired. Only one primary partition can be made the active partition at any time. It is the active partition that used by the operating system to boot a PC.

2. A technician is asked to set up one hard drive that will support two operating systems and will store data files in three separate drive locations. Which partition settings will support these requirements?

  • 1 primary, 3 active, 1 extended, 2 logical
  • 2 logical, 2 active, 3 extended
  • 2 primary, 1 active, 1 extended, 3 logical
  • 3 primary, 1 active, 2 extended

Explanation: The primary partition that is marked active must carry the boot files for both the operating systems.In this case the data can be stored in the three logical drives created in the extended partition, leaving one extra primary drive for additional storage.

3. What type of file system allows the use of files larger than 5 GB and is mostly used on internal hard drives?

  • FAT32
  • FAT64
  • NTFS
  • CDFS
  • exFAT

Explanation: The file system exFAT, also known as FAT64, is used to address some of the shortcoming of FAT32 and is mainly used for USB flash drives. CDFS is used for optical drives. FAT32 allows the storage of files up to 4 GB in size. NTFS allows the storage of files up to 16 TB in size.

4. Which user account should be used only to perform system management and not as the account for regular use?

  • guest
  • standard user
  • administrator
  • power user

Explanation: The administrator account is used to manage the computer and is very powerful. Best practices recommend that it be used only when it is needed to avoid accidentally performing significant changes to the system.

5. What contains information on how hard drive partitions are organized?

  • MBR
  • CPU
  • Windows

Explanation: The master boot record (MBR) contains a small program that is responsible for locating and loading the operating system. The BIOS executes this code and the operating system starts to load.

6. What term is used to describe a logical drive that can be formatted to store data?

  • volume
  • track
  • sector
  • cluster
  • partition

Explanation: Hard disk drives are organized by several physical and logical structures. Partitions are logical portions of the disk that can be formatted to store data. Partitions consist of tracks, sectors, and clusters. Tracks are concentric rings on the disk surface. Tracks are divided into sectors and multiple sectors are combined logically to form clusters

7. Which file system is used to access files over a network?

  • NFS
  • NTFS
  • FAT
  • CDFS

Explanation: NFS (Network File System) is used to access files on other computers across a network. Windows operating systems support several file systems. FAT, NTFS, and CDFS are used to access files stored on drives installed in the computer.

8. What are two advantages of the NTFS file system compared with FAT32? (Choose two.)

  • NTFS allows faster access to external peripherals such as a USB drive.
  • NTFS supports larger partitions.
  • NTFS provides more security features.
  • NTFS allows faster formatting of drives.
  • NTFS is easier to configure.
  • NTFS allows the automatic detection of bad sectors.

Explanation: The file system has no control over the speed of access or formatting of drives, and the ease of configuration is not file system-dependent.

9. A technician is attempting to create multiple partitions on a hard disk that is using the boot sector standard that supports a maximum partition size of 2TB. What is the maximum number of primary partitions allowed per hard drive?

  • 1
  • 2
  • 4
  • 16
  • 32
  • 128

Explanation: Master boot record (MBR) is the boot sector standard that supports a maximum primary partition of 2TB. MBR allows four primary partitions per drive. The globally unique identifier (GUID) partition table standard (GPT) can support enormous partitions with a theoretical maximum of 9.4ZB (9.4 x 10 to the 24th bytes). GPT supports a maximum of 128 primary partitions per drive.

10. What are two types of computer user interface? (Choose two.)

  • CLI
  • PnP
  • GUI
  • OpenGL
  • API

Explanation: Two types of computer operating system user interfaces are CLI and GUI. CLI stands for command-line interface. In a command-line interface, a user enters commands at a prompt using a keyboard. The second type is the GUI, or graphical user interface. With this type of user interface, a user interacts with the operating system by working with icons and menus. A mouse, finger, or stylus can be used to interact with a GUI. PnP is the name of a process by which an OS assigns resources to different hardware components of a computer. The other answers are examples of Application Programming Interfaces, or APIs.

11. What is the maximum amount of physical RAM that can be addressed by a PC running 32-bit Windows 10 Pro?

  • 2 GB
  • 4 GB
  • 8 GB
  • 16 GB

Explanation: The term 32-bit and 64-bit refers to the amount of memory space that an OS can address at a time. A 32-bit OS can address 2^32 bytes of memory, which is 4 GB. A 64-bit OS can address 2^64 bytes of memory.

12. What is the default file system used during a fresh installation of Windows 10?

  • NTFS
  • HPFS
  • FAT16
  • FAT32

Explanation: The default file system for a Windows 10 installation is NTFS.

13. Which type of user account is created automatically and enabled during a Windows 10 installation?

  • Administrator
  • Guest
  • Remote Desktop user
  • Standard user

Explanation: During a Windows 10 installation the Administrator account is created automatically. All other accounts have to be created or enabled manually.

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