11.4.3.2 Lab – Disk CLI Commands Instruction Answers – ITE v7.0

Lab – Disk CLI Commands

Introduction

In this lab, you will work with disk CLI commands.

Required Resources

  • A Windows PC
  • An additional partition with an NTFS file system

Instructions

Part 1: The chkdsk Command Options

In this part, you will explore the Windows command that allow you to scan and repair disks.

Step 1: Explore the chkdsk command

a. Open a command prompt.

b. Open the help page the command chkdsk. Enter help chkdsk or chkdsk /? at the prompt to answer the following questions:

Questions:

What is the option to fix errors on the drive?

What is the option to force the volume to dismount first if necessary?

What is the option to locate bad sectors and recover readable information?

c. Enter the chkdsk command to check the C:\ drive with the options from the questions in the previous step.

Question:

What happened? Explain.

Step 2: Use the chkdsk command options.

a. Open a Command Prompt window with elevated privileges. Click Start and search for Command Prompt. Within the search results, right-click Command Prompt and select Run as administrator.

b. In the Command Prompt window with elevated privileges, enter the command chkdsk C: /F /X /R to check the status of this drive. Enter y when prompted. Note the change in the prompt.

C:\Windows\system32> chkdsk C: /F /X /R 
The type of the file system is NTFS.
Cannot lock current drive.

Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. 
Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N) y
 
This volume will be checked the next time the system restarts.

Note that the volume will be checked when the system restarts that next time because the volume is in use and it cannot be checked at this time.

Question:

What is the file system of the drive?

c. A second partition was created in a previous lab. You can perform the chkdsk command on the second partition. The I: drive will be used in this example.

C:\Windows\system32> chkdsk I: /F /X /R
The type of the file system is NTFS.
Volume label is ITEINFO.

Stage 1: Examining basic file system structure ...
  256 file records processed.
File verification completed.
  0 large file records processed.
  0 bad file records processed.
<some output omitted>

Part 2: Create a new partition using DiskPart

In this part, you will shrink the second partition on the hard drive and create a third partition.

Note: Please back up any data from the drives before proceeding in this part. Because a new partition will be created by shrinking a volume and the new partition will be formatted. All data will be erased during the formatting process.

Step 1: List the disks, partitions, and volume.

a. Using a command prompt with elevated privilege, enter diskpart at the prompt.

C:\Windows\system32> diskpart

Microsoft DiskPart version 10.0.17763.1

Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.
On computer: DESKTOP-PUU52R2

DISKPART>

b. Notice the prompt indicated that you are in the diskpart utility. Enter help at the DISKPART> prompt to list the available commands within the diskpart utility. You can also use the help command anytime while you are in the diskpart utility. For example, enter help list disk at the prompt to view more information about the list disk command.

DISKPART> help list disk

  Displays a list of disks.

Syntax: LIST DISK

  Displays a list of disks and information about them, such as their
  size, amount of available free space, whether the disk is a basic
  or dynamic disk, and whether the disk uses the master boot record
  (MBR) or GUID partition table (GPT) partition style. The disk marked
  with an asterisk (*) has focus.

c. Enter list disk at the DISKPART> prompt to list all the disk in the PC.

DISKPART> list disk

Disk ###   Status          Size      Free      Dyn   Gpt
--------   -------------   -------   -------   ---   ---
Disk 0     Online           50 GB    1024 KB
Disk 1     Online         5120 MB    1024 KB

Question:

Enter list partition to list all the partitions on the disk. How partitions are on the disk?

d. Enter list partition command to list the partitions on the disk. Note: If you only have 1 disk, the disk is selected by default. If you have more than 1 disk in your PC as listed in the list disk command, you will need to select the desired disk. If you are interested in disk 0, enter select disk 0.

DISKPART> select disk 0

Disk 0 is now the selected disk.

e. Enter list partition to list all the partition on the selected disk.

DISKPART> list partition

Partition ###  Type             Size    Offset
-------------  ---------------- ------- -------
Partition 1    Primary           549 MB 1024 KB
Partition 2    Primary            47 GB  550 MB
Partition 3    Primary          2047 MB   47 GB

f. Enter list volume to list all the volumes on the computer. This will include the volumes on all the disks.

DISKPART> list volume

Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
Volume 0     E                       CD-ROM          0 B  No Media
Volume 1         System Rese NTFS    Partition    549 MB  Healthy    System
Volume 2     C               NTFS    Partition     47 GB  Healthy    Boot
Volume 3     I   ITEINFO     NTFS    Partition   2048 MB  Healthy
Volume 4     D   SecondDisk  NTFS    Partition   5117 MB  Healthy

g. Select the volume that will be used to create a new partition in the next step.

DISKPART> select volume 3

Volume 3 is the selected volume.

Step 2: Shrink a volume.

a. Review the shrink command. Enter help shrink at the DISKPART prompt.

DISKPART> help shrink

  Reduces the size of the volume with focus by the specified amount. Makes
  free disk space available from unused space at the end of the volume.

Syntax: SHRINK [DESIRED=<N>] [MINIMUM=<N>] [NOWAIT] [NOERR]
        SHRINK QUERYMAX [NOERR]

<some output omitted>

Question:

What option is used to determine the maximum number of bytes that the volume can be shrink by?

b. Use the shrink command with the option querymax to determine the maximum number of bytes that the volume can be shrink by.

Question:

What is the maximum number of reclaimable bytes?

c. Enter shrink desired=500 to reduce the size of volume by 500 megabytes.

DISKPART> shrink desired=500

The maximum number of reclaimable bytes is: 500 MB

Step 3: Create a new partition.

In the previous step, you have create 973 MB free space on the disk. In this step, you will create a primary partition with 500 MB with an NTFS file system.

a. Enter create partition primary at the DISKPART prompt.

DISKPART> create partition primary

DiskPart succeeded in creating the specified partition.

Note: If there are already 3 primary partitions, you will need to create logical partition, instead of primary partitions.

DISKPART> create partition extended
DISKPART> create partition logical

b. List the partition to verify that you have created a new partition. Notice the asterisk (*) next to partition 4 to indicate the partition is currently selected.

DISKPART> list partition

  Partition ###  Type              Size     Offset
  -------------  ----------------  -------  -------
  Partition 1    Primary            549 MB  1024 KB
  Partition 2    Primary             47 GB   550 MB
  Partition 3    Primary           1548 MB    47 GB
* Partition 4    Primary            501 MB    49 GB

c. List the volumes to verify that a new volume was created and is automatically selected. Note the file system is listed as RAW.

DISKPART> list volume

  Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
  ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
  Volume 0     E                       CD-ROM          0 B  No Media
  Volume 1         System Rese  NTFS   Partition    549 MB  Healthy    System
  Volume 2     C                NTFS   Partition     47 GB  Healthy    Boot
  Volume 3     I   ITEINFO      NTFS   Partition   1548 MB  Healthy
  Volume 4     D   SecondDisk   NTFS   Partition   5117 MB  Healthy
* Volume 5                      RAW    Partition    501 MB  Healthy

d. The new volume needs to be formatted with an appropriate file system before it can be used. The new volume will be format as NTFS and it will be labeled as new.

DISKPART> format fs=ntfs label=new

   100 percent completed

DiskPart successfully formatted the volume.

e. The new volume will be assigned as drive letter w.

DISKPART> assign letter=w

DiskPart successfully assigned the drive letter or mount point.

f. List the volume to verify the new modification.

DISKPART> list volume

  Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
  ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
  Volume 0     E                       CD-ROM          0 B  No Media
  Volume 1         System Rese  NTFS   Partition    549 MB  Healthy    System
  Volume 2     C                NTFS   Partition     47 GB  Healthy    Boot
  Volume 3     I ITEINFO        NTFS   Partition   1548 MB  Healthy
  Volume 4     D SecondDisk     NTFS   Partition   5117 MB  Healthy
* Volume 5     W new            NTFS   Partition    501 MB Healthy

g. Enter exit at the DISKPART> to exit the DiskPart utility.

Step 4: Format the new volume as a FAT file system.

Formatting can also be done outside of the DiskPart utility.

a. In an elevated command prompt, enter the format command to reformat w: to use an FAT32 file system. When prompted, enter new as the current volume label. Enter the NewVol as the new volume label.

C:\Windows\system32> format /fs:fat32 w:
The type of the file system is NTFS.
The new file system is FAT32.
Enter current volume label for drive W: new

WARNING, ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK
DRIVE W: WILL BE LOST!
Proceed with Format (Y/N)? y
Formatting 500.0 MB
Initializing the File Allocation Table (FAT)...
Volume label (11 characters, ENTER for none)? NewVol
Format complete.
    496.0 MB total disk space.
    496.0 MB are available.

      4,096 bytes in each allocation unit.
    126,975 allocation units available on disk.

        32 bits in each FAT entry.

Volume Serial Number is 90C2-A65F

b. Navigate to the newly created W: drive and create folders and files, if desired.

Part 3: Clean up

After you have verified that the new partition is working, you will delete the newly created volume and the free space will rejoin the original second partition.

a. At the elevated command prompt, enter diskpart to return to the DiskPart utitliy.

b. List all the disks for the computer by issuing the list disk command.

DISKPART> list disk

Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn   Gpt
--------  -------------  -------  -------  ---   ---
Disk 0    Online           50 GB      0 B
Disk 1    Online         5120 MB  1024 KB

c. Select the appropriate disk that has the newly created volume.

DISKPART> select disk 0

Disk 0 is now the selected disk.

d. List all the volume for the computer by using the list volume command.

DISKPART> list volume

Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
Volume 0     E                       CD-ROM          0 B  No Media
Volume 1         System Rese  NTFS   Partition    549 MB  Healthy    System
Volume 2     C                NTFS   Partition     47 GB  Healthy    Boot
Volume 3     I   ITE          NTFS   Partition   1148 MB  Healthy
Volume 4     W   NEWVOL       FAT32  Partition    500 MB  Healthy
Volume 5     D   SecondDisk   NTFS   Partition   5117 MB  Healthy

e. Select the volume that should be deleted.

DISKPART> select volume 4

Volume 4 is the selected volume.

f. Delete the volume using the delete volume command.

DISKPART> delete volume

DiskPart successfully deleted the volume.

g. Verify that the volume has been deleted by using the list volume command.

DISKPART> list volume

Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
Volume 0     E                       CD-ROM          0 B  No Media
Volume 1         System Rese  NTFS   Partition    549 MB  Healthy    System
Volume 2     C                NTFS   Partition     47 GB  Healthy    Boot
Volume 3     I   ITE          NTFS   Partition   1148 MB  Healthy
Volume 4     D   SecondDisk   NTFS   Partition   5117 MB  Healthy

h. Now you can recover the free space from the deleted volume 4 by extending volume 3 to include the free space. Select volume 3 and use the extend command to extend volume 3.

DISKPART> select volume 3

Volume 3 is the selected volume.

DISKPART> extend

DiskPart successfully extended the volume.

i. Use the list partition command to verify that the newly created partition was deleted and the shrunk partition is back to the original capacity.

DISKPART> list partition

 Partition ###  Type              Size     Offset
 -------------  ----------------  -------  -------
 Partition 1    Primary            549 MB  1024 KB
 Partition 2    Primary             47 GB  550 MB
 Partition 3    Primary           2049 MB  47 GB

j. Enter exit at the DISKPART> to exit the DiskPart utility.

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