CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) – Score 100%

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1. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator in autonomous system 65100 has set up a dual-homed BGP connection with an ISP. The administrator would like to influence the ISP router so that all traffic from the ISP enters the autonomous system through router R1. Which BGP attribute can the administrator configure on routers R1 and R2 to accomplish this?
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 1

  • multi_exit_discriminator
  • next-hop
  • aggregate
  • weight
  • local preference

Explanation: The multiple-exit discriminator (MED) is a nontransitive BGP attribute for best-path determination. MED uses a 32-bit value (0 to 4,294,967,295) called a metric. The purpose of MED is to influence traffic flows inbound from a different AS. A lower MED is preferred over a higher MED.

2. Which two statements are key characteristics of BGP? (Choose two.)

  • It uses bandwidth and delay as its metric.
  • It is an advanced distance vector routing protocol.
  • It is a policy-based routing protocol.
  • It uses cost as its metric.
  • It is a link-state routing protocol.
  • It provides interdomain routing between autonomous systems.

Explanation: BGP is the only interdomain routing protocol that routes between autonomous systems. It does not use cost or hop count as its metric but instead is policy-based, which means it makes its routing decision based on configurable policies.

3. Refer to the exhibit. Autonomous system 65500 is routing traffic between two external BGP autonomous systems, autonomous system 65200 and autonomous system 65100. Synchronization is disabled on BGP in autonomous system 65500. Which routers should have IBGP peer relationships for routing between autonomous system 65200 and autonomous system 65100 to work properly?
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 2

  • ISP A, R1, R5, and ISP B
  • R1, R3, R4, and R5
  • R1 and R5
  • R1, R3, and R4

Explanation: Within the BGP AS 65500, because synchronization is disabled within the AS, IBGP should be used to establish peer relationships to provide routing service within the AS. R2 and R6 represent subnetworks. Static route and default route configuration provide adequate network access.

4. Which BGP attribute is used by BGP to ensure a loop-free topology on the Internet?

  • Origin
  • Next_hop
  • As_path
  • local preference
  • Atomic aggregate

Explanation: The AS_Path attribute is used by BGP to avoid routing loops by keeping a record of each AS that a routing advertisement traverses.

5. Which BGP attribute can be configured on IBGP speakers so they will choose a desired path out of the autonomous system to an outside network?

  • MED
  • aggregate
  • next hop
  • local preference

Explanation: The local preference attribute indicates the preference for exiting the AS to the destination network. The local preference is not advertised between eBGP peers and is typically used to influence the next-hop address for outbound traffic (that is, leaving an autonomous system). Local preference can be set for specific routes by using a route map or for all routes received from a specific neighbor. A higher value is preferred over a lower value.

6. Which routes are available to a BGP speaker to advertise to peers once an adjacency is formed?

  • any route in either the IP routing table or BGP forwarding database
  • only BGP routes in the IP routing table
  • only routes that are learned from IBGP peers in the same autonomous system
  • only routes in the BGP forwarding database

7. Which three statements are true of IBGP peers? (Choose three.)

  • Once BGP peers exchange full BGP routing tables, only incremental updates are sent when routing tables change.
  • Updates between peers are sent using Reliable Transport Protocol (RTP).
  • IBGP peers must be directly connected.
  • Routes learned from an IBGP peer are not propagated to other IBGP peers.
  • A TCP session must be established before a peer adjacency is made.

8. Refer to the exhibit. Which statement is true?

RTA(config)# router bgp 100
RTA(config-router)# neighbor 190.10.50.1 remote-as 100 
RTA(config-router)# neighbor 170.10.20.2 remote-as 300
RTA(config-router)# network 150.10.0.0
  • RTA is going to advertise that it is part of AS 300.
  • The neighbor at 170.10.20.2 is an internal peer.
  • RTA is going to advertise network 150.10.0.0 to its neighbors if 150.10.0.0 or its subnets are in the IP routing table.
  • The neighbor at 190.10.50.1 is an external peer.

9. Which BGP routers will become peers and share routing information?

  • BGP routers that are configured with the same peer command
  • BGP routers that are configured with the same network command
  • BGP routers that are configured with the neighbor command
  • BGP routers share routing information with all routers in the same AS by default.

Explanation: In BGP configuration, the BGP router configuration command neighbor ip-address remote-as as-number is used to identify the IP address and autonomous system number associated with the BGP neighbor.

10. Refer to the exhibit. Which two configurations will allow router R1 to establish a neighbor relationship with router R2? (Choose two.)
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 3

R1(config)# router bgp 200
R1(config-router)# network 192.168.20.0
R1(config-router)# neighbor 209.165.200.225 remote-as 100

R1(config)# router bgp 100
R1(config-router)# network 192.168.20.0

R2(config)# router bgp 200
R2(config-router)# network 192.168.10.0
R2(config-router)# neighbor 209.165.200.226 remote-as 200

R2(config)# router bgp 200
R2(config-router)# network 192.168.20.0
R2(config-router)# neighbor 209.165.200.225 remote-as 100

R1(config)# router bgp 100
R1(config-router)# network 192.168.10.0
R1(config-router)# neighbor 209.165.200.226 remote-as 200

R2(config)# router bgp 200
R2(config-router)# network 192.168.10.0

11. Referto the exhibit. BGP sessions are established between all routers. RTC receives route updates for network 209.165.200.224/27 from autonomous system 300 with the weight attribute set to 3000. RTB also learns about network 209.165.200.224/27 from autonomous system 200 with a weight of 2000. Which router will be used by RTA as a next hop to reach this network?
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 4

  • RTC because of the highest weight
  • RTC because of the T1 link
  • RTB because of the slow 64 kb/s link
  • RTB because of the shortest AS_Path
  • RTC because of the longest AS_Path
  • RTB because of the lowest weight

Explanation: The BGP best-path algorithm uses attributes for the best-path selection. The top 5 attributes, ranked in order of consideration, are the following:
1. Weight.
2. Local preference.
3. Local originated (network statement, redistribution, or aggregation).
4. AIGP.
5. Shortest AS_Path.

BGP weight is a Cisco-defined attribute and is a 16-bit value assigned locally on the router; it is not advertised to other routers. Thus, the weight attributes as specified in RTD and RTE have no effect in RTA for determining the best outbound path. Assuming that the attributes in ranks 2 to 4 are not specified, the shortest AS_Path attribute is used to choose the outbound path when two paths are available.

12. Which command would force a router to inject a route into BGP?

  • summary
  • route-inject
  • network
  • router bgp network

13. Refer to the exhibit. BGP sessions are established between all routers. Router RTC has the local preference for network 209.165.200.224/27 set to 200 and router RTB has a local preference set to 150 for the same network. Which router will be used by RTA as a next hop to reach network 209.165.200.224/27?
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 5

  • RTC because of the T1 link
  • RTC because of the highest local preference
  • RTB because of the lowest local preference
  • RTB because of the slow 64 kb/s link
  • RTB because of the shortest AS_Path
  • RTC because of the longest AS_Path

14. Refer to the exhibit. Based on the show ip bgp summary and debug ip bgp output, which two statements must be true? (Choose two.)
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 6

  • R1 is directly connected to an IBGP peer.
  • R1 cannot route BGP packets to 10.255.2.2.
  • The router at 10.255.2.2 is an EBGP peer.
  • The ebgp multi-hop command is missing from the BGP configuration.
  • R1 has established an EBGP peering relationship.

15. Refer to the exhibit above. RTB receives an EBGP advertisement from RTD. When propagated into AS 65100 by IBGP, which router would be used as the next hop for RTC?
CCNP ROUTE Chapter 7 Exam Answers (Version 7) - Score 100% 7

  • RTD
  • RTC
  • RTA
  • RTB

16. Which statements is not correct regarding MP-BGP?

  • Neighbors must be activated with the address family using the neighbor activate command
  • IPv4 can be used as the BGP transport for both IPv4 and IPv6 sessions
  • A single BGP forwarding table is used for both IPv4 and IPv6 address families
  • The show bgp all neighbors command can be used to show BGP neighbor adjacencies for IPv4 and IPv6

17. What are the characteristics of using the neighbor ip-address update-source command with a loopback address? (Choose two.)

  • For IBGP, it allows the IGP to use the best path to the loopback address
  • The neighbor command is configured using the neighbor’s loopback address
  • It can only be used with IBGP
  • The loopback address does not need to be reachable by TCP
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