New Version: CCNA 2 Practice Certification Exam Answers v6.0
1. How many /30 subnets can be created from one /27 subnet
2. What information can be verified through the show ip dhcp binding command?
that DHCPv4 discover messages are still being received by the DHCP server
the number of IP addresses remaining in the DHCP pool
the IPv4 addresses that are assigned to hosts by the DHCP server*
the IPv4 addresses that have been excluded from the DHCPv4 pool
3. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is reviewing port and VLAN assignments on switch S2 and notices that interfaces Gi0/1 and Gi0/2 are not included in the output. Why would the interfaces be missing from the output
There is a native VLAN mismatch between the switches.
There is no media connected to the interfaces.
They are administratively shut down.
They are configured as trunk interfaces*
4. Refer to the exhibit. A switch with a default configuration connects four hosts. The ARP table for host A is shown. What happens when host A wants to send an IP packet to host D?
Host A sends an ARP request to the MAC address of host D. Host D responds with its IP address.
Host D sends an ARP request to host A. Host A responds with its MAC address.
Host A sends out the packet to the switch. The switch adds the MAC address for host D to the frame and forwards it to the network.
Host A sends out a broadcast of FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF. Every other host connected to the switch receives the broadcast and host D responds with its MAC address.*
5. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator needs to add an ACE to the TRAFFIC-CONTROL ACL that will deny IP traffic from the subnet 172.23.16.0/20. Which ACE will meet this requirement?
5 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.15.255*
5 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.255.255
15 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.15.255
30 deny 172.23.16.0 0.0.15.255
6. Which three layers of the OSI model map to the application layer of the TCP/IP model? (Choose three.)
7. Refer to the exhibit. When a packet arrives on interface Serial0/0/0 on R1, with a destination IP address of PC1, which two events occur? (Choose two)
Router R1 will de-encapsulate the packet and encapsulate it in a PPP frame.
Router R1 will forward the packet out Gig0/1.*
Router R1 will forward the packet out Gig0/0.
Router R1 will de-encapsulate the packet and encapsulate it in an Ethernet frame.*
Router R1 will forward the packet out S0/0/0.
8. What is the purpose of the overload keyword in the ip nat inside source list 1 pool NAT_POOL overload command?
It allows many inside hosts to share one or a few inside global addresses.*
It allows a pool of inside global addresses to be used by internal hosts.
It allows external hosts to initiate sessions with internal hosts.
It allows a list of internal hosts to communicate with a specific group of external hosts.
9. What type of installation is needed to view syslog messages?
A syslog client must be installed on a workstation.
Because any network equipment can interpret syslog messages, nothing special is needed to view them.
A syslog server must be installed on a router.
A syslog server must be installed on a workstation.*
10. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator has added a new subnet to the network and needs hosts on that subnet to receive IPv4 addresses from the DHCPv4 server.
What two commands will allow hosts on the new subnet to receive addresses from the DHCP4 server? (Choose two.)
R1(config-if)# ip helper-address 10.2.0.250*
R1(config)# interface G0/1
R1(config)# interface G0/0*
R2(config-if)# ip helper-address 10.2.0.250
R2(config)# interface G0/0
R1(config-if)# ip helper-address 10.1.0.254
11. Refer to the exhibit. Static NAT is being configured to allow PC 1 access to the web server on the internal network. What two addresses are needed in place of A and B to complete the static NAT configuration? (Choose two.)
B = 188.8.131.52
A = 10.1.0.13*
B = 10.0.254.5
B = 184.108.40.206*
A = 220.127.116.11
12. When creating an IPv6 static route, when must a next-hop IPv6 address and an exit interface both be specified
when CEF is enabled
when the static route is a default route
when the next hop is a link-local address*
when the exit interface is a point-to-point interface
13. Which address prefix range is reserved for IPv4 multicast?
18.104.22.168 – 22.214.171.124*
240.0.0.0 – 254.255.255.255
169.254.0.0 – 126.96.36.199
14. Refer to the exhibit. What would happen after the IT administrator enters the new static route?
The 172.16.1.0 route learned from RIP would be replaced with the 172.16.1.0 static route.*
The 172.16.1.0 static route is added to the existing routes in the routing table.
The 172.16.1.0 static route would be entered into the running-config but not shown in the routing table.
The 0.0.0.0 default route would be replaced with the 172.16.1.0 static route.
15. What effect does the default-information originate command have on a Cisco router that is configured for RIP?
Any dynamic route that is learned from a neighboring router will propagate to other adjacent routers.
Any default static route that is configured on the router will propagate to other adjacent routers.*
Any static route that is learned from a neighboring router will propagate to other adjacent routers.
Any routes that are learned from a neighboring router will propagate to other adjacent routers.
16. Which type of IPv6 address refers to any unicast address that is assigned to multiple hosts?
17. An administrator wants to replace the configuration file on a Cisco router by loading a new configuration file from a TFTP server. What two things does the administrator need to know before performing this task? (Choose two.)
TFTP server IP address*
name of the configuration file that is currently stored on the router
router IP address
configuration register value
name of the configuration file that is stored on the TFTP server*
The name of the configuration file that is currently stored on the TFTP server
The name of the configuration file that is currently stored on the router
18. Refer to the exhibit. Inter-VLAN communication between VLAN 10, VLAN 20, and VLAN 30 is not successful. What is the problem?
The switch interface FastEthernet0/1 is configured to not negotiate and should be configured to negotiate.
The access interfaces do not have IP addresses and each should be configured with an IP address.
The switch interface FastEthernet0/1 is configured as an access interface and should be configured as a trunk interface.*
The switch interfaces FastEthernet0/2, FastEthernet0/3, and FastEthernet0/4 are configured to not negotiate and should be configured to negotiate.
19. Which statement describes the Cisco License Manager?
It is a free, standalone software application for deploying Cisco software licenses across the network.*
It is a web-based portal for getting and registering individual software licenses.
It is a centralized TFTP server that enables control of the number and revision level of Cisco IOS images.
It is an organized collection of processes and components used to activate Cisco IOS software feature sets by obtaining and validating Cisco software licenses.
20. A user sends an HTTP request to a web server on a remote network. During encapsulation for this request, what information is added to the address field of a frame to indicate the destination?
the MAC address of the default gateway*
the network domain of the destination host
the IP address of the default gateway
the MAC address of the destination host
21. A network administrator is designing an IPv4 addressing scheme and requires these subnets.
1 subnet of 100 hosts
2 subnets of 80 hosts
2 subnets of 30 hosts
4 subnets of 20 hosts
Which combination of subnets and masks will provide the best addressing plan for these requirements
9 subnets of 126 hosts with a 255.255.255.128 mask
3 subnets of 126 hosts with a 255.255.255.128 mask
6 subnets of 30 hosts with a 255.255.255.224 mask*
3 subnets of 126 hosts with a 255.255.255.192 mask
6 subnets of 30 hosts with a 255.255.255.240 mask
1 subnet of 126 hosts with a 255.255.255.192 mask
2 subnets of 80 hosts with a 255.255.255.224 mask
6 subnets of 30 hosts with a 255.255.255.240 mask
22. Refer to the exhibit. How was the host route 2001:DB8:CAFE:4::1/128 installed in the routing table?
The route was automatically installed when an IP address was configured on an active interface.
The route was dynamically created by router R1.
The route was manually entered by an administrator.*
The route was dynamically learned from another router.
23. What are three characteristics of the CSMA/CD process? (Choose three.)
The device with the electronic token is the only one that can transmit after a collision.
After detecting a collision, hosts can attempt to resume transmission after a random time delay has expired.*
All of the devices on a segment see data that passes on the network medium.*
Devices can be configured with a higher transmission priority.
A device listens and waits until the media is not busy before transmitting.*
A jam signal indicates that the collision has cleared and the media is not busy.
24. A network engineer is troubleshooting connectivity issues among interconnected Cisco routers and switches. Which command should the engineer use to find the IP address information, host name, and IOS version of neighboring network devices?
show ip route
show cdp neighbors detail*
25. Fill in the blank
When port security is enabled, a switch port uses the default violation mode of ___shutdown* ___ until specifically configured to use a different violation mode.
26. Refer to the exhibit. Which source address is being used by router R1 for packets being forwarded to the Internet?
27. Which feature on a Cisco router permits the forwarding of traffic for which there is no specific route
gateway of last resort*
28. Which three statements characterize UDP (Choose three.)
UDP provides sophisticated flow control mechanisms.
UDP relies on IP for error detection and recovery.
UDP is a low overhead protocol that does not provide sequencing or flow control mechanisms.
UDP provides basic connectionless transport layer functions.
UDP relies on application layer protocols for error detection.
UDP provides connection-oriented, fast transport of data at Layer 3.
29. Refer to the exhibit. What will router R1 do with a packet that has a destination IPv6 address of 2001:db8:cafe:5::1?
forward the packet out GigabitEthernet0/1
drop the packet
forward the packet out Serial0/0/0*
forward the packet out GigabitEthernet0/0
30. How will a router handle static routing differently if Cisco Express Forwarding is disabled
Static routes that use an exit interface will be unnecessary.
Serial point-to-point interfaces will require fully specified static routes to avoid routing inconsistencies.
It will not perform recursive lookups.
Ethernet multiaccess interfaces will require fully specified static routes to avoid routing inconsistencies.*
31. Refer to the exhibit. A network technician issues the command show vlan to verify the VLAN configuration. Based on the output, which port should be assigned with native VLAN?
32. Which two things should a network administrator modify on a router to perform password recovery? (Choose two.)
the configuration register value*
the NVRAM file system
the system image file
the startup configuration file*
33. What are two reasons why an administrator might choose to use static routing rather than dynamic routing? (Choose two.)
Static routing is more scalable.
Static routing is easier to maintain in large networks.
Static routing uses less router processing and bandwidth.*
Static routing is more secure.*
Static routing does not require complete knowledge of the whole network.
34. An administrator who is troubleshooting connectivity issues on a switch notices that a switch port configured for port security is in the err-disabled state. After verifying the cause of the violation, how should the administrator re-enable the port without disrupting network operation?
Reboot the switch.
Issue the no switchport port-security violation shutdown command on the interface.
Issue the no switchport port-security command, then re-enable port security.
Issue the no shutdown command on the interface.*
35. A network administrator has been allocated the IPv4 10.10.240.0/20 block of addresses for a LAN. Two devices on two different, but contiguous, subnets on the LAN have been assigned the addresses 10.10.247.1/21 and 10.10.248.10/24, respectively. The administrator has to create a third subnet from the remaining address range. To optimize the use of this address space, the new subnet will follow on directly from the existing subnets. What is the first available host address in the next available subnet
36. Refer to the exhibit. A ping to PC3 is issued from PC0, PC1, and PC2 in this exact order. Which MAC addresses will be contained in the S1 MAC address table that is associated with the Fa0/1 port?
PC0, PC1, and PC2 MAC addresses
just the PC1 MAC address
just PC0 and PC1 MAC addresses*
just the PC2 MAC address
just the PC0 MAC address
37. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator issues the show lldp neighbors command to display information about neighboring devices. What can be determined based on the information?
Device C1 is a switch.*
Device A1 is connected to the port Fa0/5 on device B1.
Device C1 is a switch.
Device B1 is a WLAN access point.
Device C1 is connected to device B1 through the port Fa0/3.
38. Which two devices allow hosts on different VLANs to communicate with each other (Choose two.)
Layer 3 switch*
Layer 2 switch
39. Refer to the exhibit. Host A sends a data packet to host B. What will be the addressing information of the data packet when it reaches host B
Correct Answers: A
40. Data is being sent from a source PC to a destination server. Which three statements correctly describe the function of TCP or UDP in this situation (Choose three.)
TCP is the preferred protocol when a function requires lower network overhead.
The source port field identifies the running application or service that will handle data returning to the PC.*
The UDP destination port number identifies the application or service on the server which will handle the data.*
The TCP process running on the PC randomly selects the destination port when establishing a session with the server.
UDP segments are encapsulated within IP packets for transport across the network.*
The TCP source port number identifies the sending host on the network.
41. What is defined by the ip nat pool command when configuring dynamic NAT?
the pool of global address*
the range of external IP addresses that internal hosts are permitted to access
the pool of available NAT servers
the range of internal IP addresses that are translated
42. Which address type is not supported by IPv6
43. What is the purpose of setting the native VLAN separate from data VLANs?
The native VLAN is for routers and switches to exchange their management information, so it should be different from data VLANs.
A separate VLAN should be used to carry uncommon untagged frames to avoid bandwidth contention on data VLANs.*
The security of management frames that are carried in the native VLAN can be enhanced.
The native VLAN is for carrying VLAN management traffic only.
44. Which ACE would permit traffic from hosts only on the 192.168.8.0/22 subnet?
permit 192.168.8.0 0.0.3.255*
permit 192.168.0.0 0.0.15.255
permit 192.168.8.0 255.255.248.0
permit 192.168.8.0 0.0.7.255
45. Which two issues might cause excessive runt and giant frames in an Ethernet network? (Choose two.)
damaged cable connector
using the incorrect cable type
native VLAN mismatch
a malfunctioning NIC*
incorrectly configured auto-MDIX feature
46. Refer to the exhibit. Which static route would an IT technician enter to create a backup route to the 172.16.1.0 network that is only used if the primary RIP learned route fails?
ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 s0/0/0
ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 s0/0/0 111
ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 s0/0/0 91
ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0 s0/0/0 121*
47. Refer to the exhibit. Which three events will occur as a result of the configuration shown on R1? (Choose three.)
Only traffic that originates from the GigabitEthernet 0/1 interface will be monitored.
The syslog messages will contain the IP address the GigabitEthernet 0/1 interface.*
Messages that are sent to the syslog server will be limited to levels 3 or lower.*
Messages that are sent to the syslog server will use 192.168.1.5 as the destination IP address.*
For multiple occurrences of the same error, only the first three messages will be sent to the server.
Messages that are sent to the syslog server will be limited to levels 3 and higher.
48. Which IPv6 prefix is reserved for communication between devices on the same link?
49. Refer to the exhibit. Packets destined to which two networks will require the router to perform a recursive lookup? (Choose two.)
50. Refer to the exhibit. Routers R1 and R2 are connected via a serial link. One router is configured as the NTP master, and the other is an NTP client. Which two pieces of information can be obtained from the partial output of the show ntp associations detail command on R2 (Choose two.)
Router R1 is the master, and R2 is the client.*
The IP address of R2 is 192.168.1.2.
The IP address of R1 is 192.168.1.2.*
Both routers are configured to use NTPv2.
Router R2 is the master, and R1 is the client.
51. A network technician is configuring port security on a LAN switch interface. The security policy requires host MAC addresses to be learned dynamically, stored in the address table, and saved to the switch running configuration. Which command does the technician need to add to the following configuration to implement this policy?
Switch(config)# interface fa0/1
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
Switch(config-if)# switchport portsecurity
Switch(config-if)# switchport port-security maximum 40
Switch(config-if)# switchport port-security macaddress
Switch(config-if)# switchport port-security macaddress sticky*
Switch(config-if)# switchport port-security macaddress 000B.FCFF.E880
52. After a license has been purchased and installed, what is the next step that is required before it is activated?
Copy the running configuration to flash.
Reboot the router.*
Issue the license boot module technology-package command.
Copy the running configuration to NVRAM.
53.Refer to the exhibit. A technician is programming switch SW3 to manage voice and data traffic through port Fa0/20. What, if anything, is wrong with the configuration?
There is nothing wrong with the configuration.
Interface Fa0/20 can only have one VLAN assigned.
The mls qos trust cos command should reference VLAN 35.
The command used to assign the voice VLAN to the switch port is incorrect.*
54. A network administrator is using the router-on-a-stick model to configure a switch and a router for inter-VLAN routing. What configuration should be made on the switch port that connects to the router
CConfigure it as a trunk port and allow only untagged traffic.
Configure the port as an access port and a member of VLAN1.
Configure the port as an 802.1q trunk port.*
Configure the port as a trunk port and assign it to VLAN1.
55. On which switch interface would an administrator configure an IP address so that the switch can be managed remotely?