Chapter 8: Quiz – Troubleshooting OSPFv2 (Answers) CCNPv8 ENARSI

1. Which command should be used to check the OSPF process ID, the router ID, networks the router is advertising, the neighbors the router is receiving updates from, and the default administrative distance?

  • show ip protocols
  • show ip ospf neighbor
  • show ip ospf
  • show ip ospf interface

Explanation: The show ip ospf neighbor command is used to verify that the router has formed an adjacency with its neighboring routers. The show ip ospf command displays the OSPF process ID and router ID, the OSPF area information, as well as the last time the SPF algorithm was calculated. The show ip ospf interface command provides detailed information about every OSPF-enabled interface.

2. A network engineer is tracing packets through the network but packets are not load balancing over paths as expected. What are two actions the engineer should take? (Choose two.)

  • Check priority values on interfaces.
  • Check summarization on ABRs.
  • Use the show ip protocols command to verify the maximum number of paths that are allowed to load balance.
  • Check end-to-end costs.
  • Verify if any distribute lists are applied.

Explanation: OSPF can only load balance over equal-cost paths. The default number of paths is 4 and the maximum is 16. Use the show ip protocols command to see the current value. Then check end-to-end costs and ensure they are equal costs. Priority values on interfaces apply to DR/BDR elections. Distribute lists affect routes going in the routing table. Summarization would not affect load balancing.

3. Refer to the exhibit. LTC has an OSPF neighbor relationship with the router LTA over the network. The network link should serve as a backup when the OSPF link goes down. The floating static route command ip route S0/1/1 100 was issued on LTC and now traffic is using the backup link even when the OSPF link is up and functioning. Which change should be made to the static route command so that traffic will only use the OSPF link when it is up

  • Add the next hop neighbor address of
  • Change the administrative distance to 1.
  • Change the destination network to
  • Change the administrative distance to 120.

Explanation: The problem with the current floating static route is that the administrative distance is set too low. The administrative distance will need to be higher than that of OSPF, which is 110, so that the router will only use the OSPF link when it is up.

4. A network administrator has just changed the router ID on a router that is working in an OSPFv2 environment. What should the administrator do to reset the adjacencies and use the new router ID?

  • Configure the network statements.
  • Change the interface priority.
  • Issue the clear ip ospf process privileged mode command.
  • Change the OSPFv2 process ID.

Explanation: If the router ID has changed on a working router, the OSPFv2 process must be cleared for the new router ID to take effect.

5. A network engineer has noted that some expected network route entries are not displayed in the routing table. Which two commands will provide additional information about the state of router adjacencies, timer intervals, and the area ID? (Choose two.)

  • show ip protocols
  • show ip ospf interface
  • show ip route ospf
  • show ip ospf neighbor
  • show running-configuration

Explanation: The show ip ospf interface command will display routing table information that is already known. The show running-configuration and show ip protocols commands will display aspects of the OSPF configuration on the router but will not display adjacency state details or timer interval details.

6. In an OSPF hub-and-spoke topology, what needs to be done, if anything, to ensure that the spoke routers would never be selected as DR and BDR?

  • Because nonbroadcast networks do not elect a DR/BDR, nothing needs to be done.
  • All routers must be configured with an OSPF interface priority of 0 (ip ospf priority) to disable the DR/BDR election process.
  • All spoke routers need to be configured with an OSPF interface priority of 0 (ip ospf priority) so that they will not become the DR/BDR.
  • One of the spoke routers will need to be configured as the DR by setting the OSPF interface priority higher than 1 (ip ospf priority).

Explanation: Technologies such as Frame Relay or DMVPN that use a hub-and-spoke topology need to have the DR as the hub router. Use the ip ospf priority command on the specific interface that is used to connect to the other sites and set the priority value to 255.

7. Refer to the exhibit. In this scenario, Area 40 cannot be connected directly to Area 0. Which OSPF network type must be configured in Area 1 to connect these areas?​

  • point-to-point
  • virtual link
  • point-to-multipoint
  • nonbroadcast multiaccess

Explanation: A virtual link is a special OSPF network used to interconnect a distant OSPF area to the backbone area.​

8. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator issued the command show ip ospf interface on the router R2. What conclusion can be drawn?

  • R2 is connecting to a point-to-point network.
  • R2 has not formed an adjacency with any other router.
  • R2 is configured with the OSPF router-id command.
  • R2 is not configured with default Hello and Dead timer values.

Explanation: From the result shown, R2 has not formed an adjacency with any other router on the network, because the network that R2 connects is BROADCAST, but no BDR is on the network. The Hello timer value 10 and Dead timer value 40 are default OSPF timers for a multiaccess network. The router ID for R2 is determined by the loopback 0 interface, not the router-id command.

9. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator has configured OSPFv2 on the two Cisco routers as shown. PC1 is unable to connect to PC2. What should the administrator do first when troubleshooting the OSPFv2 implementation?

  • Test Layer 3 connectivity between the directly connected routers.
  • Turn off OSPFv2.
  • Disconnect the serial link between router R1 and R2.
  • Implement the network area 0 command on router R1.

Explanation: A prerequisite for OSPFv2 neighbor relationships to form between two routers is Layer 3 connectivity. A successful ping confirms that a router interface is active and may be able to form an OSPF neighbor adjacency.

10. Refer to the exhibit. How did this router learn of the highlighted route in the routing table?

  • by entering the router configuration mode command default-information originate
  • by entering the global configuration mode command ip route interface-type interface-number
  • by entering the global configuration mode command ip route ip-address
  • by receiving an update from another OSPF router that is running another routing protocol
  • by receiving an update from another OSPF router that has the default-information originate command configured

Explanation: On the router that connects to the Internet, a default route (quad zero route) is normally entered as well as the default-information originate command. As a result of this configuration, other OSPF routers receive the default route and install it into the routing table as an external route.

11. Refer to the exhibit. A company has migrated from single area OSPF to multiarea. However, none of the users from network in the new area can be reached by anyone in the Branch1 office. From the output in the exhibit, what is the problem?

  • There are no interarea routes in the routing table for network
  • The OSPF routing process is inactive.
  • The link to the new area is down.
  • The router has not established any adjacencies with other OSPF routers.

Explanation: There is no entry in the routing table for the network, so this is the correct option. There are routes in the routing table learned via OSPF, so the OSPF routing process is active and this would also indicate that the router has established adjacencies with the other OSPF routers. There is an interarea link via the Serial0/0/0 interface, so the problem also does not appear to be from a link that is down.

12. A network engineer is troubleshooting an OSPFv2 network and discovers that two routers connected by a point-to-point WAN serial link are not establishing an adjacency. The OSPF routing process, network commands and area ID are all confirmed as correct, and the interfaces are not passive. Testing shows that the cabling is correct, that the link is up, and pings between the interfaces are successful. What is most likely the problem?

  • The subnet masks on the two connected serial interfaces do not match.
  • A clock rate has not been set on the DCE interface of the serial link.
  • The OSPFv2 process IDs on each router do not match.
  • A DR election has not taken place.

Explanation: The establishment of an OSPF adjacency between connected routers requires each interface of the link to be in the same subnet. This requires each interface to be configured with correct IP addresses and the same subnet mask. Pings across serial links can be successful with correct IP addresses and different subnet masks. Successful pings verify that a clock rate has been set on the DCE interface of the serial link. The OSPFv2 process IDs on each router are local and do not need to match. A DR election does not take place across point-to-point serial links between OSPF routers.

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