126.96.36.199 Class Activity – IPv6 – Details, Details… (Instructor Version – Optional Lab)
Instructor Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the instructor copy only. Optional activities are designed to enhance understanding and/or to provide additional practice.
Analyze a routing table to determine the route source, administrative distance, and metric for a given route to include IPv4/IPv6.
The focus of this activity is to review IPv6 routing table entries and concepts.
After studying the concepts presented in this chapter concerning IPv6, you should be able to read a routing table easily and interpret the IPv6 routing information listed within it.
With a partner, use the IPv6 routing table diagram shown below. Record your answers to the Reflection questions. Then compare your answers with, at least, one other group from the class.
- Routing Table Diagram (as shown below)
- Two PCs or bring your own devices (BYODs): one PC or BYOD will display the Routing Table Diagram for your group to access while recording answers to the Reflection questions on the other PC or BYOD.
Routing Table Diagram
R3# show ipv6 route IPv6 Routing Table - default - 8 entries Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route B - BGP, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1, I2 - ISIS L2 IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external ND - ND Default, NDp - ND Prefix, DCE - Destination, NDr - Redirect O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2 ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2 R 2001:DB8:CAFE:1::/64 [120/3] via FE80::FE99:47FF:FE71:78A0, Serial0/0/1 R 2001:DB8:CAFE:2::/64 [120/2] via FE80::FE99:47FF:FE71:78A0, Serial0/0/1 C 2001:DB8:CAFE:3::/64 [0/0] via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected L 2001:DB8:CAFE:3::1/128 [0/0] via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive (output omitted)
1. How many different IPv6 networks are shown on the routing table diagram? List them in the table provided below.
Three; you do not count the L route as it is already accounted for in the C route.
|Routing Table IPv6 Networks|
2. The 2001:DB8:CAFE:3:: route is listed twice on the routing table, once with a /64 and once with a /128. What is the significance of this dual network entry?
The 2001:DB8:CAFE:3::/64 indicates a specific IPv6 network as represented by the first 64 network bits. The 2001:DB8:CAFE:3::1/128 indicates a local route entry. The /128 prefix assists with route lookup-up processes for packages destined for the interfaces.
3. How many routes in this table are RIP routes? What type of RIP routes are listed: RIP, RIPv2, or RIPng?
Two routes are RIP routes, both are RIPng because they show IPv6 network addresses.
4. Use the first RIP route, as listed on the routing table, as a reference. What is the administrative distance of this route? What is the cost? What is the significance of these two values?
The administrative distance is 120. This value is automatically assigned when RIP is configured without making specific changes. The cost for this route is 3 which indicates how many hops it would take to get to the specified network.
5. Use the second RIP route, as referenced by the routing table diagram. How many hops would it take to get to the 2001:DB8:CAFE:2::/64 network? What would happen to this routing table entry if the cost for this route exceeded 15 hops?
Two hops would be necessary to reach 2001:DB8:CAFE:2::/64. The route would disappear if the hop count increased to a cost of 16.
6. You are designing an IPv6 addressing scheme to add another router to your network’s physical topology. Use the /64 prefix for this addressing scheme and an IPv6 network base of 2001:DB8:CAFF:2::/64,. What would be the next, numerical network assignment you could use if the first three hextets remained the same?
Justify your answer.
The next physical addressing space could possibly be assigned as 2001:DB8:CAFF:3::/64. If the first three hextets stayed the same, increments would be applied to the fourth hextet. The last 64 bits would reserved for host addressing unless the prefix of /64 changes.
Identify elements of the model that map to IT-related content:
- IPv6 addresses
- RIPng routing protocol
- Administrative distance
- Link local addresses
- Network prefixes