OS and Endpoint Security Checkpoint Exam Answers

OS and Endpoint Security Checkpoint Exam – Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 – 10 Group Exam Answers (Module Group Exam 2)

1. What principle prevents the disclosure of information to unauthorized people, resources, and processes?

  • confidentiality
  • integrity
  • accounting
  • availability
  • nonrepudiation

Explanation: The security principle of confidentiality refers to the prevention of the disclosure of information to unauthorized people, resources, and processes.

2. A user is proposing the purchase of a patch management solution for a company. The user wants to give reasons why the company should spend money on a solution. What benefits does patch management provide? (Choose three.)

  • Administrators can approve or deny patches.
  • Updates can be forced on systems immediately.
  • Patches can be chosen by the user.
  • Computers require a connection to the Internet to receive patches.
  • Updates cannot be circumvented.
  • Patches can be written quickly.

Explanation: A centralized patch management system can speed up deployment of patches and automate the process. Other good reasons to using an automated patch update service include the following:
– Administrators control the update process.
– Reports are generated.
– Updates are provided from a local server.
– Users cannot circumvent the update process.

3. What are two advantages of the NTFS file system compared with FAT32? (Choose two.)

  • NTFS allows faster access to external peripherals such as a USB drive.
  • NTFS supports larger files.
  • NTFS provides more security features.
  • NTFS allows faster formatting of drives.
  • NTFS is easier to configure.
  • NTFS allows the automatic detection of bad sectors.

Explanation: The file system has no control over the speed of access or formatting of drives, and the ease of configuration is not file system-dependent.

4. What are three access control security services? (Choose three.)

  • access
  • availability
  • accounting
  • authentication
  • repudiation
  • authorization

Explanation: This question refers to AAA authentication, authorization, and accountability.

5. What three tasks are accomplished by a comprehensive security policy? (Choose three.)

  • is not legally binding
  • gives security staff the backing of management
  • vagueness
  • defines legal consequences of violations
  • useful for management
  • sets rules for expected behavior

Explanation: Policy sets the establishment of rules and guidelines for the business.

6. In the Linux shell, which character is used between two commands to instruct the shell to combine and execute these two commands in sequence?

  • $
  • #
  • %
  • |

Explanation: In the Linux shell, several commands can be combined to perform a complex task. This technique is known as piping. The piping process is indicated by inserting the character “|” between two consecutive commands.

7. A PC user issues the netstat command without any options. What is displayed as the result of this command?

  • a list of all established active TCP connections
  • a local routing table
  • a historical list of successful pings that have been sent
  • a network connection and usage report

Explanation: When used by itself (without any options), the netstat command will display all the active TCP connections that are available.

8. Why would a network administrator choose Linux as an operating system in the Security Operations Center (SOC)?

  • More network applications are created for this environment.
  • It is easier to use than other operating systems.
  • The administrator has more control over the operating system.
  • It is more secure than other server operating systems.

Explanation: There are several reasons why Linux is a good choice for the SOC.
Linux is open source.
The command line interface is a very powerful environment.
The user has more control over the operating system.
Linux allows for better network communication control.

9. What are three states of data during which data is vulnerable? (Choose three.)

  • data in-transit
  • data decrypted
  • data in-process
  • data encrypted
  • purged data
  • stored data

Explanation: A cybersecurity specialist must be aware of each of the three states of data to effectively protect data and information. Purged data was stored data. Encrypted and decrypted data can be in any of the three states.

10. Which two options are window managers for Linux? (Choose two.)

  • PenTesting
  • KDE
  • File Explorer
  • Kali
  • Gnome

Explanation: The X Window System provides the basic framework for a GUI, but the GUI itself varies greatly between different distributions. Two window managers are Gnome and KDE.

11. What term describes a set of software tools designed to increase the privileges of a user or to grant access to the user to portions of the operating system that should not normally be allowed?

  • package manager
  • rootkit
  • penetration testing
  • compiler

Explanation: A rootkit is used by an attacker to secure a backdoor to a compromised computer, grant access to portions of the operating system normally not permitted, or increase the privileges of a user.

12. What is the difference between an HIDS and a firewall?

  • An HIDS blocks intrusions, whereas a firewall filters them.
  • An HIDS monitors operating systems on host computers and processes file system activity. Firewalls allow or deny traffic between the computer and other systems.
  • A firewall allows and denies traffic based on rules and an HIDS monitors network traffic.
  • A firewall performs packet filtering and therefore is limited in effectiveness, whereas an HIDS blocks intrusions.
  • An HIDS works like an IPS, whereas a firewall just monitors traffic.

Explanation: In order to monitor local activity an HIDS should be implemented. Network activity monitors are concerned with traffic and not operating system activity.

13. Consider the result of the ls -l command in the Linux output below. What are the file permissions assigned to the sales user for the analyst.txt file?

ls –l analyst.txt
-rwxrw-r-- sales staff 1028 May 28 15:50 analyst.txt
  • read, write, execute
  • read only
  • read, write
  • write only

Explanation: The file permissions are always displayed in the User, Group and Other order. In the example displayed, the file has the following permissions:
The dash (-) means that this is a file. For directories, the first dash would replaced with a “d”.
The first set of characters is for user permission (rwx). The user, sales, who owns the file can read, write and execute the file.
The second set of characters is for group permissions (rw-). The group, staff, who owns the file can read and write to the file.
The third set of characters is for any other user or group permissions (r–). Any other user or group on the computer can only read the file.

14. Match the Linux command to the function. (Not all options are used.)

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 - 10 Group Exam 14

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 – 10 Group Exam 14

Explanation: Place the options in the following order:

Displays the name of the current working directory pwd
Runs a command as another user sudo
Modifies file permissions chmod
Shuts down the system No answer available
Lists the processes that are currently running ps

15. Which statement describes the term iptables?

  • It is a file used by a DHCP server to store current active IP addresses.
  • It is a DHCP application in Windows.
  • It is a rule-based firewall application in Linux.
  • It is a DNS daemon in Linux.

Explanation: Iptables is an application that allows Linux system administrators to configure network access rules.

16. On a Windows host, which tool can be used to create and maintain blacklists and whitelists?

  • Group Policy Editor
  • Local Users and Groups
  • Task Manager
  • Computer Management

Explanation: In Windows, blacklisting and whitelisting settings can be managed through the Group Policy Editor.

17. Match the network-based anti-malware solution to the function. (Not all options are used.)

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 - 10 Group Exam 17

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 – 10 Group Exam 17

Explanation: Place the options in the following order:

Provides filtering of SPAM and potentially malicious emails before they reach the endpoint Email security appliance
Provides filtering of websites and blacklisting before they reach the endpoint Web security appliance
Permits only authorized and compliant systems to connect to the network Network admission control
Provides dynamic IP addresses to authenticated endpoints No answer available
Provides endpoint protection from viruses and malware Advanced malware protection

18. Match typical Linux log files to the function.

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 - 10 Group Exam 18

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 – 10 Group Exam 18

Explanation: Place the options in the following order:

Used by RedHat and CentOS computers and tracks authentication-related events /var/log/secure
Contains generic computer activity logs, and is used to store informational and noncritical system messages /var/log/messages
Stores information related to hardware devices and their drivers /var/log/dmesg
Used by Debian and Ubuntu computers and stores all authentication-related events /var/log/auth.log

19. Match the antimalware approach to the description.

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 - 10 Group Exam 19

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 – 10 Group Exam 19

Explanation: Place the options in the following order:

Recognizes characteristics of known malware files signature-based
Recognizes general features shared by types of malware heuristics-based
Recognizes malware through analysis of suspicious actions behavior-based

20. A client device has initiated a secure HTTP request to a web browser. Which well-known port address number is associated with the destination address?

  • 80
  • 404
  • 443
  • 110

Explanation: Port numbers are used in TCP and UDP communications to differentiate between the various services running on a device. The well-known port number used by HTTPs is port 443.

21. Which statement describes the Cisco Threat Grid Glovebox?

  • It is a host-based intrusion detection system (HIDS) solution to fight against malware.
  • It is a firewall appliance.
  • It is a sandbox product for analyzing malware behaviors.
  • It is a network-based IDS/IPS.

Explanation: Cisco ThreatGrid Glovebox is a sandbox product for analyzing malware behaviors.

22. Why is Kali Linux a popular choice in testing the network security of an organization?

  • It is a network scanning tool that prioritizes security risks.
  • It can be used to test weaknesses by using only malicious software.
  • It is an open source Linux security distribution containing many penetration tools.
  • It can be used to intercept and log network traffic.

Explanation: Kali is an open source Linux security distribution that is commonly used by IT professionals to test the security of networks.

23. Match the Windows system tool with the description. (Not all options are used.)

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 - 10 Group Exam 23

Endpoint Security (ESec) Module 7 – 10 Group Exam 23

Explanation: Place the options in the following order:

Provides virus and spyware protection No answer available
A hierarchical database of all system and user information Regristry
Selectively denies traffic on specified interfaces Windows Firewall
A CLI environment used to run scripts and automate tasks PowerShell
Maintains system logs Event Viewer
Provides information on system resources and processes No answer available

24. What three methods help to ensure system availability? (Choose three.)

  • system backups
  • system resiliency
  • equipment maintenance
  • fire extinguishers
  • up-to-date operating systems
  • integrity checking

Explanation: Methods used to ensure high availability include system redundancy, system backups, increased system resiliency, equipment maintenance, operating system and software updates and patches, and proactive plans for swift recovery from unforeseen disasters.

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