- Which two statements about IPv6 router advertisement messages are true? (Choose two)
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceIPv6 router advertisement message is one type of the ICMPv6 packets with Type field value of 134. It lists many facts, including the link-local IPv6 address of the router. Normally, it is sent to the all-IPv6-hosts local-scope multicast address of FF02::1. When sent in response to router solicitation messages (ICMPv6 Type 133), it flows back to either the unicast address of the host that sent the RS or to the all-IPv6-hosts address FF02::1.
- A. They use ICMPv6 type 134.*
- B. The advertised prefix length must be 64 bits.*
- C. The advertised prefix length must be 48 bits.
- D. They are sourced from the configured IPv6 interface address.
- E. Their destination is always the link-local address of the neighboring node.
The advertised IPv6 prefix length must be 64 bits for the stateless address autoconfiguration to be operational.
- Which three statements about IPv6 prefixes are true? (Choose three)
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceBelow is the list of common kinds of IPv6 addresses:
- A. FF00:/8 is used for IPv6 multicast.*
- B. FE80::/10 is used for link-local unicast.*
- C. FC00::/7 is used in private networks.*
- D. 2001::1/127 is used for loopback addresses.
- E. FE80::/8 is used for link-local unicast.
- F. FEC0::/10 is used for IPv6 broadcast.
Loopback address ::1 Link-local address FE80::/10 Site-local address FEC0::/10 (but it is deprecated and replaced with FC00::/7 for used in private networks) Global address 2000::/3 Multicast address FF00::/8
- You enter the “show ipv6 route” command on an OSPF device and the device displays a route. Which conclusion can you draw about the environment?
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceThe “show ipv6 route” displays the current contents of the IPv6 routing table. This device is running OSPF so we can deduce it is running OSPFv3 (OSPF for IPv6). An example of the “show ip v6 route” is shown below:
- A. OSPF is distributing IPv6 routes to BGP.
- B. The router is designated as an ABR.
- C. The router is designated as totally stubby.
- D. OSPFv3 is in use.*
- What is one requirement for interfaces to run IPv6?
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceTo run IPv6 on an interface we have to configure an IPv6 on that interface somehow -> A is correct.
- A. An IPv6 address must be configured on the interface.*
- B. An IPv4 address must be configured.
- C. Stateless autoconfiguration must be enabled after enabling IPv6 on the interface.
- D. IPv6 must be enabled with the ipv6 enable command in global configuration mode.
IPv6 must be enabled first but with the “ipv6 unicast-routing”, not “ipv6 enable” command -> D is not correct.
- Which entity assigns IPv6 addresses to end users?
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceAccording to the official IANA website “Users are assigned IP addresses by Internet service providers (ISPs). ISPs obtain allocations of IP addresses from a local Internet registry (LIR) or National Internet Registry (NIR), or from their appropriate Regional Internet Registry (RIR): https://www.iana.org/numbers
- A. ICANN
- B. APNIC
- C. RIR
- D. ISPs*
- Which command enables IPv6 forwarding on a cisco router?
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceAn example of configuring RIPng (similar to RIPv2 but is used for IPv6) is shown below:
- A. IPv6 host
- B. IPv6 unicast-routing *
- C. IPv6 local
- D. IPv6 neighbor
Router(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing (Enables the forwarding of IPv6 unicast datagrams globally on the router)
Router(config-if)#ipv6 rip 9tut enable (9tut is the process name of this RIPng)
- What is the correct command for floating static ipv6 route?
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceFloating static routes are static routes that have an administrative distance greater than the administrative distance (AD) of another static route or dynamic routes. By default a static route has an AD of 1 then floating static route must have the AD greater than 1 -> Answer A is correct as it has the AD of 201.
- A. ipv6 route 2001:DB8::/32 serial 2/0 201*
- B. ipv6 route 2001:DB8::/32 serial 2/0 1
- C. ?
- D. ?
- What are types of IPv6 static routes? (Choose three)
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceDirectly connected routes: In directly attached static routes, only the output interface is specified. The destination is assumed to be directly attached to this interface, so the packet destination is used as the next-hop address. This example shows such a definition:
- A. Recursive routes*
- B. Directly connected routes*
- C. Fully specified routes*
- D. Advertised routes
- E. Virtual links
- F. Redistributed routes
ipv6 route 2001:DB8::/32 gigabitethernet1/0/0
The example specifies that all destinations with address prefix 2001:DB8::/32 are directly reachable through interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0.
Recursive Static Routes: In a recursive static route, only the next hop is specified. The output interface is derived from the next hop. This example shows such a definition:
ipv6 route 2001:DB8::/32 2001:DB8:3000:1
This example specifies that all destinations with address prefix 2001:DB8::/32 are reachable via the host with address 2001:DB8:3000:1.
Fully Specified Static Routes: In a fully specified static route, both the output interface and the next hop are specified. This form of static route is used when the output interface is a multi-access one and it is necessary to explicitly identify the next hop. The next hop must be directly attached to the specified output interface. The following example shows a definition of a fully specified static route:
ipv6 route 2001:DB8:/32 gigabitethernet1/0/0 2001:DB8:3000:1
A fully specified route is valid (that is, a candidate for insertion into the IPv6 routing table) when the specified IPv6 interface is IPv6-enabled and up.
Besides three of the static IPv routes, there is one more type of IPv6 static route, that is Floating Static Routes (static route with a higher administrative distance than the dynamic routing protocol it is backing up)
For more information about these IPv6 routes, please read: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/ipv6/configuration/xe-3s/ipv6-xe-36s-book/ip6-stat-routes.html
- What are three parts of an IPv6 global unicast address? (Choose three)
Show (Hide) Explanation/ReferenceIPv6 includes two different unicast address assignments:
- A. an interface ID that is used to identify the local host on the network.*
- B. an interface ID that is used to identify the local network for a particular host.
- C. a subnet ID that is used to identify networks inside of the local enterprise site*
- D. a global routing prefix that is used to identify the network portion of the address that has been provided by an ISP*
- E. a global routing prefix that is used to identify the portion of the network address provided by a local administrator
+ Global unicast address
+ Link-local address
The global unicast address is globally unique in the Internet. The example IPv6 address that is shown below is a global unicast address.
+ Site prefix (global routing prefix): defines the public topology of your network to a router. You obtain the site prefix for your enterprise from an ISP or Regional Internet Registry (RIR).
+ Site Topology and Subnet ID: the subnet ID defines an administrative subnet of the network and is up to 16 bits in length. You assign a subnet ID as part of IPv6 network configuration. The subnet prefix defines the site topology to a router by specifying the specific link to which the subnet has been assigned
+ Interface ID: identifies an interface of a particular node. An interface ID must be unique within the subnet.
Which two statements about unique local IPv6 addresses are true? (Choose two)
- A. They are identical to IPv4 private addresses.*
- B. They are defined by RFC 1884
- C. They use the prefix FEC0::/10
- D. They use the prefix FC00::/7*
- E. They can be routed on the IPv6 global internet.
Note: In the past, Site-local addresses (FEC0::/10) are equivalent to private IP addresses in IPv4 but now they are deprecated.