Introduction to Linux I – Chapter 14 Exam Answers 2019 + PDF file

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  1. Which are valid link types in Linux? (choose two)
    • Filesystem links
    • Stable links
    • Hard links
    • Soft links
  2. The output of the ls -l command includes “/etc/grub.conf -> ../boot/grub/grub.conf”. Based on this information, which is the soft link file?
    • ../boot/grub/grub.conf
    • Both
    • Neither
    • /etc/grub.conf
  3. Which of the following commands will create a soft link from the /tmp/test file to the /tmp/data file?
    • ln /tmp/test /tmp/data
    • ln /tmp/data /tmp/test
    • ln -s /tmp/test /tmp/data
    • ln -s /tmp/data /tmp/test
  4. Which of the following commands will create a hard link from the /tmp/test file to the /tmp/data file?
    • ln -s /tmp/data /tmp/test
    • ln /tmp/data /tmp/test
    • ln /tmp/test /tmp/data
    • ln -s /tmp/test /tmp/data
  5. What permissions are typically placed on soft link files?
    • ———
    • rw-rw-rw-
    • rwxrwxrwx
    • rwx——
  6. When you create a soft link, it increases the hard link count by one.
    True or False?

    • True
    • False
  7. When you create a hard link, it increases the hard link count by one.
    True or False?

    • True
    • False
  8. Which is true about hard links?
    • They are created with the ln -s command
    • They share inodes
    • They can only be created by the root user
    • They can be made to directories
  9. What option to the find command allows you to search for files by inode numbers?
    • -links
    • -ipath
    • -inum
    • -mtime
  10. If you have 5 hard linked files and you delete four of them including the original one, then:
    • The file still exists, but the data in the file is deleted
    • You lose the data from the file
    • The hard link count goes to 0
    • The data is still available from the remaining file
  11. If you have a file named /tmp/hosts pointing to a file named /etc/hosts and the /etc/hosts file is deleted, then which of the following statements is true?
    • The /tmp/hosts file now points to nothing
    • You can still access the data by using /tmp/hosts
    • The data from /etc/hosts is automatically copied into /tmp/hosts before /etc/hosts is deleted
    • It is not possible to delete the /etc/hosts file while a soft link is pointing to it
  12. Which value represents the inode number in the following output of the ls -li command: 87589 -rw-r–r–. 2 root root 83 Mar 4 22:45 myhosts
    • 22:45
    • 83
    • 2
    • 87589
  13. Which value represents the hard link count in the following output of the ls -li command: 87589 -rw-r–r–. 2 root root 83 Mar 4 22:45 myhosts
    • 87589
    • 2
    • 22:45
    • 83
  14. A soft link is also called a _____ link.
    • symbolic
    • indirect
    • true
    • false
  15. Which type of link can be made to a file on another filesystem, hard or soft?
    • soft
    • hard
  16. Which type of link can be made to directories, hard or soft?
    • hard
    • soft
  17. Which type of link is easier to visually “see”, hard or soft?
    • hard
    • soft
  18. Which type of link is indistinguishable by programs from regular files, hard or soft?
    • soft
    • hard
  19. Which option to the ls command displays the inode numbers of files?
    • -inum
    • -i
    • -l
    • -N
  20. When viewing a file with the ls -l command, which character represents a file type of soft link?
    • d
    • f
    • l

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