4.2.1.3 Packet Tracer – Configuring EtherChannel Instructions Answers

4.2.1.3 Packet Tracer – Configuring EtherChannel Instructions Answers
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Packet Tracer – Configuring EtherChannel (Instructor Version)

Instructor Note: Red font color or Gray highlights indicate text that appears in the instructor copy only.

Topology

Objectives

Part 1: Configure Basic Switch Settings

Part 2: Configure an EtherChannel with Cisco PAgP

Part 3: Configure an 802.3ad LACP EtherChannel

Part 4: Configure a Redundant EtherChannel Link

Background

Three switches have just been installed. There are redundant uplinks between the switches. Usually, only one of these links could be used; otherwise, a bridging loop might occur. However, using only one link utilizes only half of the available bandwidth. EtherChannel allows up to eight redundant links to be bundled together into one logical link. In this lab, you will configure Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP), a Cisco EtherChannel protocol, and Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP), an IEEE 802.3ad open standard version of EtherChannel.

Part 1: Configure Basic Switch Settings

Step 1: Configure basic switch parameters.

a.  Assign each switch a hostname according to the topology diagram.

Switch(config)# hostname S1

Switch(config)# hostname S2

Switch(config)# hostname S3

b.  Configure all required ports as trunks, depending on the connections between devices.

Note: If the ports are configured with dynamic auto mode, and you do not set the mode of the ports to trunk, the links do not form trunks and remain access ports. The default mode on a 2960 switch is dynamic auto.

S1(config)# interface range g0/1 - 2
S1(config-if-range)# switchport mode trunk
S1(config-if-range)# interface range f0/21 - 22
S1(config-if-range)# switchport mode trunk
S1(config-if-range)# end

S2(config)# interface range g0/1 - 2
S2(config-if-range)# switchport mode trunk
S2(config-if-range)# interface range f0/23 - 24
S2(config-if-range)# switchport mode trunk
S2(config-if-range)# end

S3(config)# interface range f0/21 - 24
S3(config-if-range)# switchport mode trunk
S3(config-if-range)# end

Part 2: Configure an EtherChannel with Cisco PAgP

Note: When configuring EtherChannels, it is recommended to shut down the physical ports being grouped on both devices before configuring them into channel groups. Otherwise, the EtherChannel Misconfig Guard may place these ports into err-disabled state. The ports and port channels can be re-enabled after EtherChannel is configured.

Step 1: Configure Port Channel 1.

a.  The first EtherChannel created for this activity aggregates ports F0/22 and F0/21 between S1 and S3. Use the show interfaces trunk command to ensure that you have an active trunk link for those two links.

S1# show interfaces trunk

Port        Mode         Encapsulation  Status        Native vlan
F0/21      on           802.1q         trunking      1
F0/22      on           802.1q         trunking      1
G0/1       on           802.1q         trunking      1
G0/2       on           802.1q         trunking      1

<output omitted>

b.  On both switches, add ports F0/21 and F0/22 to Port Channel 1 with the channel-group 1 mode desirable The mode desirable option enables the switch to actively negotiate to form a PAgP link.

S1(config)# interface range f0/21  22
S1(config-if-range)# shutdown
S1(config-if-range)# channel-group 1 mode desirable
S1(config-if-range)# no shutdown

S3(config)# interface range f0/21 - 22
S3(config-if-range)# shutdown
S3(config-if-range)# channel-group 1 mode desirable
S3(config-if-range)# no shutdown

c.  Configure the logical interface to become a trunk by first entering the interface port-channel number command and then the switchport mode trunk Add this configuration to both switches.

Instructor Note: Packet Tracer 6.0.1 does not grade the switchport mode trunk command in port-channel interfaces.

S1(config)# interface port-channel 1
S1(config-if)# switchport mode trunk

Instructor Note: Packet Tracer 6.0.1 does not grade the switchport mode trunk command in port-channel interfaces.

S3(config)# interface port-channel 1
S3(config-if)# switchport mode trunk

Step 2: Verify Port Channel 1 status.

a.  Issue the show etherchannel summary command to verify that EtherChannel is working on both switches. This command displays the type of EtherChannel, the ports utilized, and port states.

S1# show etherchannel summary
Flags:  D - down        P - in port-channel
        I - stand-alone s - suspended
        H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
        R - Layer3      S - Layer2
        U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
        u - unsuitable for bundling
        w - waiting to be aggregated
        d - default port

Number of channel-groups in use: 1
Number of aggregators:           1

Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
------+-------------+-----------+----------------------------------------
1      Po1(SU)         PAgP      F0/21(P)   F0/22(P)  

S3# show etherchannel summary
Flags:  D - down        P - in port-channel
        I - stand-alone s - suspended
        H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
        R - Layer3      S - Layer2
        U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
        u - unsuitable for bundling
        w - waiting to be aggregated
        d - default port

Number of channel-groups in use: 1
Number of aggregators:           1

Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
------+-------------+-----------+----------------------------------------
1      Po1(SU)         PAgP      F0/21(P)   F0/22(P)

b.  If the EtherChannel does not come up, shut down the physical interfaces on both ends of the EtherChannel and then bring them back up again. This involves using the shutdown command on those interfaces, followed by a no shutdown command a few seconds later.

The show interfaces trunk and show spanning-tree commands also show the port channel as one logical link.

S1# show interfaces trunk
Port        Mode         Encapsulation  Status        Native vlan
Gig0/1      on           802.1q         trunking      1
Gig0/2      on           802.1q         trunking      1
Po1         on           802.1q         trunking      1

<output omitted>

S1# show spanning-tree
VLAN0001
  Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee
  Root ID    Priority    32769
             Address     0001.436E.8494
             Cost        9
             Port        27(Port-channel 1)
             Hello Time  2 sec  Max Age 20 sec  Forward Delay 15 sec

  Bridge ID  Priority    32769  (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 1)
             Address     000A.F313.2395
             Hello Time  2 sec  Max Age 20 sec  Forward Delay 15 sec
             Aging Time  20

Interface        Role Sts Cost      Prio.Nbr Type
---------------- ---- --- --------- -------- --------------------------------
Gi0/1            Desg FWD 4         128.25   P2p
Gi0/2            Desg FWD 4         128.26   P2p
Po1              Root FWD 9         128.27   Shr

Part 3: Configure an 802.3ad LACP EtherChannel

Step 1: Configure Port Channel 2.

a.  In 2000, the IEEE released 802.3ad, which is an open standard version of EtherChannel. Using the previous commands, configure the link between S1 and S2 on ports G0/1 and G0/2 as an LACP EtherChannel. You must use a different port channel number on S1 than 1, because you already used that in the previous step. To configure a port channel as LACP, use the interface configuration mode channel-group number mode active Active mode indicates that the switch actively tries to negotiate that link as LACP, as opposed to PAgP.

Instructor Note: Packet Tracer 6.0.1 does not grade the switchport mode trunk command in port-channel interfaces.

S1(config)# interface range g0/1 - 2
S1(config-if-range)# shutdown
S1(config-if-range)# channel-group 2 mode active
S1(config-if-range)# no shutdown
S1(config-if-range)# interface port-channel 2
S1(config-if)# switchport mode trunk

S2(config)# interface range g0/1 - 2
S2(config-if-range)# shutdwon
S2(config-if-range)# channel-group 2 mode active
S2(config-if-range)# no shutdown
S2(config-if-range)# interface port-channel 2
S2(config-if)# switchport mode trunk

Step 2: Verify Port Channel 2 status.

a.  Use the show commands from Part 1 Step 2 to verify the status of Port Channel 2. Look for the protocol used by each port.

S1# show etherchannel summary
Flags:  D - down        P - in port-channel
        I - stand-alone s - suspended
        H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
        R - Layer3      S - Layer2
        U - in use      f - failed to allocate aggregator
        u - unsuitable for bundling
        w - waiting to be aggregated
        d - default port

Number of channel-groups in use: 2
Number of aggregators:           2

Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
------+-------------+-----------+----------------------------------------------

1      Po1(SU)           PAgP   Fa0/21(P) Fa0/22(P)
2      Po2(SU)           LACP   Gig0/1(P) Gig0/2(P)

Part 4: Configure a Redundant EtherChannel Link

Step 1: Configure Port Channel 3.

There are various ways to enter the channel-group number mode command:

S2(config)# interface range f0/23 - 24
S2(config-if-range)# channel-group 3 mode ?
  active     Enable LACP unconditionally
  auto       Enable PAgP only if a PAgP device is detected
  desirable  Enable PAgP unconditionally
  on         Enable Etherchannel only
 passive     Enable LACP only if a LACP device is detected

a.  On switch S2, add ports F0/23 and F0/24 to Port Channel 3 with the channel-group 3 mode passive The passive option indicates that you want the switch to use LACP only if another LACP device is detected. Statically configure Port Channel 3 as a trunk interface.

Instructor Note: Packet Tracer 6.0.1 does not grade the switchport mode trunk command in port-channel interfaces.

S2(config)# interface range f0/23 - 24
S2(config-if-range)# shutdown
S2(config-if-range)# channel-group 3 mode passive
S2(config-if-range)# no shutdown
S2(config-if-range)# interface port-channel 3
S2(config-if)# switchport mode trunk

b.  On switch S3, add ports F0/23 and F0/24 to Port Channel 3 with the channel-group 3 mode active The active option indicates that you want the switch to use LACP unconditionally. Statically configure Port Channel 3 as a trunk interface.

Instructor Note: Packet Tracer 6.0.1 does not grade the switchport mode trunk command in port-channel interfaces.

S3(config)# interface range f0/23 - 24
S3(config-if-range)# shutdown
S3(config-if-range)# channel-group 3 mode active
S3(config-if-range)# no shutdown
S3(config-if-range)# interface port-channel 3
S3(config-if)# switchport mode trunk

Step 2: Verify Port Channel 3 status.

a.  Use the show commands from Part 1 Step 2 to verify the status of Port Channel 3. Look for the protocol used by each port.

S2# show etherchannel summary
<output omitted>
Number of channel-groups in use: 2
Number of aggregators:           2
Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
------+-------------+-----------+----------------------------------------
2      Po2(SU)           LACP   Gig0/1(P) Gig0/2(P)
3      Po3(SU)           LACP   Fa0/23(P) Fa0/24(P)

b.  Port Channel 2 is not operative because spanning tree protocol placed some ports into blocking mode. Unfortunately, those ports were Gigabit ports. To restore these ports, configure S1 to be primary root for VLAN 1 or set the priority to 24576.

S1(config)# spanning-tree vlan 1 root primary
or
S1(config)# spanning-tree vlan 1 priority 24576

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